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Ch 3: FTCE Physics: Thermodynamics

About This Chapter

Let us teach you about principles, laws, and calculations related to thermodynamics. The video lessons and self-assessment quizzes provide extensive information to help you correctly answer these types of questions on the FTCE Physics test.

FTCE Physics: Thermodynamics - Chapter Summary

This chapter's lessons can be used to enhance your understanding of thermodynamics in preparation for the FTCE Physics exam. Videos address the following areas to support your success with related FTCE questions:

  • Understanding the relationship of temperature changes to heat, volume, area, energy, and conduction
  • Becoming familiar with the ideal gas law, along with its corresponding equation and deviations from it
  • Knowing how to define and measure pressure
  • Recognizing the uses and relevance of Dalton's, Graham's, Avogadro's, Boyle's, Gay-Lussac's, and Charles's laws
  • Converting between different temperature measurement units
  • Determining a material's heat capacity
  • Applying the law of conservation of energy to physical systems

In these tutorials, instructors utilize a short video format to discuss subjects in a detailed but to-the-point manner. All the lessons incorporate topic markers and lesson summaries that offer at-a-glance overviews of the information, making it easier to follow along and reference specific points during or after the viewing.

Objectives of the FTCE Physics: Thermodynamics Course

The physics FTCE is intended to check your preparedness to receive Florida teaching certification in the subject of physics. The lessons in this Thermodynamics chapter contain corresponding quizzes that allow you to assess your knowledge of the lessons' content. These quizzes additionally offer you the opportunity to see the kinds of questions you'll encounter on the actual exam, of which around 10% address the area of thermodynamics.

Questions on the FTCE Physics test may require you to choose the correct words to complete a sentence, offer a diagnosis in response to an articulated situation, or answer a straightforward question. Some questions also involve the interpretation of a visual graphic, such as a chart or number line. All the questions on the physics FTCE are multiple-choice.

15 Lessons in Chapter 3: FTCE Physics: Thermodynamics
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Changes in Heat and Energy Diagrams

1. Changes in Heat and Energy Diagrams

Did you know that temperature and heat are not the same thing? Did you know that the temperature of water doesn't change when it boils? This lesson describes the relationship between heat and temperature. Diagrams are used to illustrate the relationship between heat and temperature during phase changes.

The Ideal Gas Law and the Gas Constant

2. The Ideal Gas Law and the Gas Constant

Have you ever wondered why the pressure in your car's tires is higher after you have been driving a while? In this lesson, we are going to discuss the law that governs ideal gases and is used to predict the behavior of real gases: the ideal gas law.

Pressure: Definition, Units, and Conversions

3. Pressure: Definition, Units, and Conversions

Have you ever wondered what pressure is and how it gets measured? In this lesson, we are going to define pressure and explain some of the units that are used to express measurements of pressure.

Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures: Calculating Partial & Total Pressures

4. Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures: Calculating Partial & Total Pressures

In this lesson, you will learn how gases behave when they are mixed together and how to use Dalton's law of partial pressures to calculate partial and total pressures of gases. You will also learn how to use this information to explain how to find the partial pressure of a gas collected over water.

The Boltzmann Distribution: Temperature and Kinetic Energy of Gases

5. The Boltzmann Distribution: Temperature and Kinetic Energy of Gases

Gas particles are always moving around at random speeds and in random directions. This makes it difficult to determine what any one particle is doing at a given time. Luckily, the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution provides some help with this.

Diffusion and Effusion: Graham's Law

6. Diffusion and Effusion: Graham's Law

Have you ever been in a room where someone has put on perfume or scented lotion and a few minutes later you are able to smell it? What causes you to be able to smell something from so far away? In this lesson, we are going to use the kinetic molecular theory of gases to explain some of their behaviors and determine how we can compare the speeds of different gases.

Molar Volume: Using Avogadro's Law to Calculate the Quantity or Volume of a Gas

7. Molar Volume: Using Avogadro's Law to Calculate the Quantity or Volume of a Gas

Have you ever wondered why a balloon expands when you blow it up? How something as light as air is able to exert a force large enough to inflate a balloon? In this lesson, you will learn about the relationship between the volume of a container filled with a gas and the number of gas particles that container holds. This relationship is known as Avogadro's Law.

Using the Ideal Gas Law: Calculate Pressure, Volume, Temperature, or Quantity of a Gas

8. Using the Ideal Gas Law: Calculate Pressure, Volume, Temperature, or Quantity of a Gas

In another lesson, you learned that the ideal gas law is expressed as PV = nRT. In this video lesson, we'll go one step further, examining how to rearrange the equation to solve for a missing variable when the others are known.

Real Gases: Deviation From the Ideal Gas Laws

9. Real Gases: Deviation From the Ideal Gas Laws

The ideal gas law is used to describe the behavior of ideal gases, but sometimes the conditions are such that gases behave differently. When this is the case we can use the van der Waals equation to describe the behavior of real gases under these non-ideal conditions.

Temperature Units: Converting Between Kelvin and Celsius

10. Temperature Units: Converting Between Kelvin and Celsius

Have you ever wondered what the lowest possible temperature is? In this lesson, you will learn what temperature measures. You will also be introduced to the Kelvin scale (an absolute scale) and learn how it relates to the Celsius scale.

Boyle's Law: Gas Pressure and Volume Relationship

11. Boyle's Law: Gas Pressure and Volume Relationship

Have you ever wondered how an air powered water gun works? It uses the fantastic properties of gases to make a summer day more enjoyable! In this lesson, we will be discussing Boyle's Law and the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas.

Gay-Lussac's Law: Gas Pressure and Temperature Relationship

12. Gay-Lussac's Law: Gas Pressure and Temperature Relationship

You may know that you aren't supposed to put an aerosol can in a fire because it could explode, but do you know why? In this lesson, we will explain Gay-Lussac's law, which shows the relationship between the temperature and pressure of a gas.

Charles' Law: Gas Volume and Temperature Relationship

13. Charles' Law: Gas Volume and Temperature Relationship

In this lesson, we will discover why the wind blows and what causes a hot air balloon to rise, a couple of the applications of Charles' Law that explain the relationship between the volume and temperature of a gas.

How to Calculate Specific Heat Capacity for Different Substances

14. How to Calculate Specific Heat Capacity for Different Substances

This lesson describes specific heat capacity and explains how the specific heat capacity of water helps to maintain a relatively constant temperature in nature. Learn how to identify the specific heat capacity of other common materials and how to calculate specific heat capacity with an experiment.

Mechanisms of Heat Transfer: Conduction, Convection & Radiation

15. Mechanisms of Heat Transfer: Conduction, Convection & Radiation

There are three main ways that heat is transferred between substances or objects. In this video lesson you'll learn about each one, and identify the differences between them.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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