Ch 33: FTCE Social Science: The Age of Exploration

About This Chapter

Review the reasons for and the impact of European exploration of the world during the 15th century. Questions about this topic appear in the world history section of the Florida Teacher Certification Examinations (FTCE) Social Science exam.

FTCE Social Science: The Age of Exploration - Chapter Summary

This chapter's lessons highlight key explorers, discoveries and the economic impact of exploration during the 15th - 17th centuries. You'll learn how the New World was integrated into trade and commerce, and about the lasting effects of this exchange which you'll need to know for the FTCE Social Science exam. The lessons will help you increase your knowledge of or learn new facts about this topic in the following ways:

  • Listing the reasons why Europeans began to explore the New World
  • Detailing the development of gunpowder and its effect on the New World
  • Identifying notable explorers of this era
  • Exploring the effects of New World exploration on commerce and map development
  • Describing the actions and impact of conquistadors during the Age of Exploration
  • Explaining the contributions of Las Casas
  • Defining the Columbian Exchange
  • Pointing out the effects of capitalism on 17th century Europe
  • Noting the impact of New World exploration on international trade
  • Relating how exploration led to European economic growth

Each video lesson is supported by printable transcripts which can be used as reference tools, key term definitions and timeline features that allow you to re-watch only those parts of the videos in which you need additional review. Use the quizzes to assess what you have learned and to determine your readiness for taking the FTCE Social Science exam.

10 Lessons in Chapter 33: FTCE Social Science: The Age of Exploration
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas

1. The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas

This lesson will focus on the Age of Exploration. It will explain the main reasons why Europeans explored the New World. It will highlight their spirit of adventure, the religious desire to see natives converted, and the chance to acquire wealth.

History of Gunpowder and its Effects on the New World

2. History of Gunpowder and its Effects on the New World

This lesson will discuss the history of gun powder and its effect on the New World. It will highlight the development of firearms, as well as the Europeans who used gunpowder to ravage the Americas.

Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & Discoveries

3. Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & Discoveries

This lesson will focus on the New World explorations of Spain and Portugal. It will list explorers from both of these countries while also highlighting the motivations behind European exploration.

Mapping the World, Seaborne Commerce & Piracy

4. Mapping the World, Seaborne Commerce & Piracy

This lesson will focus on the improvement of maps, the growth of seaborne commerce, and the piracy that occurred during the Age of Exploration. It will also highlight the famous Sea Dogs of England.

Conquistadors and Encomienda System: Definition & Savaging of the New World

5. Conquistadors and Encomienda System: Definition & Savaging of the New World

This lesson will discuss the conquistadors of the New World. It will highlight Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro. It will also explain the encomienda system and its impact on the native populations.

Las Casas, Valladolid Debate & Converting the New World

6. Las Casas, Valladolid Debate & Converting the New World

This lesson will focus on Las Casas, a Spanish priest who fought for the rights of the native inhabitants of the Americas. It will also highlight the New Laws of 1542 as well as the Valladolid debates.

The Columbian Exchange

7. The Columbian Exchange

The Columbian Exchange is a term used to denote the world-changing exchange of agricultural goods, slave labor, diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres that occurred after the year 1492 CE.

The Market Economy in 17th Century Europe

8. The Market Economy in 17th Century Europe

In this lesson, we will explore the role of market economics in 17th century Europe. We will see how early capitalism impacted European society during the 17th century.

How International Trade Changed in the Age of Exploration

9. How International Trade Changed in the Age of Exploration

In this lesson, we will explore the role of international trade during the Age of Exploration. Specifically, we will learn how the discovery of the New World impacted international trade patterns.

The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe

10. The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe

In this lesson, we'll discuss the Commercial Revolution sparked by Europe's interaction with the New World colonies. We'll learn about how mercantilism, banking and joint-stock companies transformed the economic face of the European continent.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Other Chapters

Other chapters within the FTCE Social Science 6-12 (037): Practice & Study Guide course

Support