About This Chapter
Fundamental Geography Concepts - Chapter Summary
If you are getting reacquainted with fundamental geography concepts, then you are probably looking to get up to speed with everything related to mapping and other key topics. This chapter can refresh your memory about how geographers use maps to illustrate information about the world, political boundaries, population, weather patterns, and the planet's topography. Other review topics within this chapter are as follows:
- Geography's 6 key elements
- The applications of GIS, GPS, and geographic maps
- Different kinds of maps
- Examining geographical features with images and maps
- Comparing scale maps and geologic maps
- Maps of human characteristics within the U.S.
- Interpreting geography statistics and the population pyramid
- Human environmental adaptations
- How humans affect the environment
Although there is a good amount of information to go over in this chapter, you can be certain that our instructors have organized the chapter in a way that lets you quickly get what you need. For starters, every one of our test prep review chapters has been split up into mini-lessons. We try to limit it to one main topic per lesson, which lets you clearly see all the topics available to study. Additionally, since the lessons have been miniaturized, you can go over all the important details of a single topic in less than 10 minutes.
We make shorter lessons to accommodate your schedule, but we also do it as a pedagogical approach. Too much information in one lesson may hinder your ability to learn, so in this case less is actually more. Instead of trying to take on everything at once and getting burned out, our mini-lesson approach lets you look at one topic at a time, which is a far more reasonable and effective way to prepare for a test.
1. The Six Essential Elements of Geography
Geography is a lot more than maps. Learn what geography actually is, and discover the six essential elements of geography. Test your knowledge of the elements by taking a quiz when you are through.
2. Geography Tools: Maps, GPS & GIS
How can we study the earth and the features in it? Watch this lesson to find out more about common tools used in geography, including maps, global positioning systems, and geographic information systems, and their differences.
3. Types of Maps: Population, Topographic, Weather, Political & World Maps
This lesson will explain the different types of maps used to interpret and study our world. In doing this, it will focus on maps that deal in elevation, population, weather patterns and more.
4. Using Maps & Images to Identify Geographical Features
There's a whole world that can be seen in maps and images, but only if you know how to read them. In this lesson, we'll examine this problem and see how people depict the natural world in different ways.
5. How to Construct and Interpret a Scale Map
This lesson will explain what a scale map is and how it represents two different things on the map expressed as a ratio. This lesson will also demonstrate the steps needed to create a scale map from any ordinary map.
6. Understanding & Interpreting a Geologic Map
Geologic maps are neat because they show us the location of features found underneath Earth's surface. But just like any other map, they have their own set of symbols and codes that we need to understand in order to properly interpret them.
7. Mapping the Physical and Human Characteristics of the United States
After watching this video, you will be able to describe the physical and human characteristics of the United States, including cities, mountains, rivers, and valleys, among others. A short quiz will follow.
8. The Population Pyramid
In this lesson, we look at what a population pyramid is, how to read it, some interesting features about them, and what are some prototypical examples of them.
9. How to Read & Analyze Geography Statistics
Numbers aren't just for mathematicians - learn how you can interpret statistics about the people who live in a place (human characteristics) or the physical features of that place (physical characteristics).
10. How Humans Adapted to Their Environments
In this lesson, you will explore the impact of early humans on their environments and discover how these first communities survived. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
11. Human Impacts on the Environment
The human population continues to grow, but the size of Earth and the resources available for our use are limited. Humans greatly impact the world around them, and our actions can and often do have dramatic and long-lasting consequences.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the FTCE Elementary Education K-6 (060): Practice & Study Guide course
- About the FTCE Elementary Education K-6 Test
- Understanding Emergent Literacy
- The Reading Process & Comprehension Strategies
- Representations of Information in the Classroom
- Literary Analysis & Genres
- Understanding & Teaching the Writing Process
- Literacy Instruction & Assessment
- Classroom Organization & Grouping
- Communication & Media Literacy
- Social Science Instruction & Comprehension
- Cultural Contributions & Technological Developments in History
- World Civilizations & Historical Timelines
- Age of Exploration, Settlement & Growth
- Florida & U.S. History
- History's Impact on World Institutions
- Regional Divides & Connections
- Fundamental Government & Civics Concepts
- Fundamental Economics Concepts
- Strategies for Science Instruction
- Tools & Resources for Science Instruction
- Understanding the Nature of Science
- Scientific Data Interpretation & Analysis
- Interdisciplinary Nature of Science
- Basics of Physical Science
- Basics of Earth Science
- Basics of Space Science
- Cells & Organ Systems
- Life Science Classification & Life Cycles
- Interactions Among Living Things
- Basics of Plant Biology
- Mathematics Instructional Practices
- Interpreting Numbers, Data & Expressions
- Properties of Equality & Operations
- Solving Arithmetic & Word Problems
- Number Theory Concepts
- Fractions, Ratios & Integers
- Measurement, Data & Statistics
- Geometric Concepts
- Studying for FTCE Elementary Education
- FTCE Elementary Education K-6 Flashcards