About This Chapter
Fundamental Science Concepts - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, you'll study a collection of lessons that examine fundamental science concepts through expert instruction and engaging examples. After defining foundational science terminology, you'll explore the nature of scientific structures and phenomena. The chapter also dives into some astronomy and climate change topics. Upon completion of the chapter, you should be able to:
- Define basic science terms
- Evaluate essential scientific patterns, structures and functions
- Describe cause and effect relationships
- Analyze proportion, scale and quantity across engineered and natural systems
- Infer scales of the universe, galaxies and our solar system
- Explain scientific phenomena and make predictions using models
- Assess climate change feedback mechanisms
As you work through the chapter, be sure to take the accompanying self-assessments and chapter exam. The Ask the Expert features allows you to submit questions if you have any, and your dashboard will keep track of your progress throughout the chapter. Finally, you can access these study resources online at any time that fits your schedule using your desktop, laptop or mobile device.
1. Basic Science Concepts & Terminology
You don't have to dedicate your life to the study of science to be a scientist. All you need to do is notice basic science concepts like systems, cycles, constancy and change. Read on to learn more about these essential scientific concepts.
2. Fundamental Scientific Concepts: Patterns, Structure, & Function
In this lesson we'll be looking at some basic concepts that run concurrently through all disciplines in science: patterns, structure and function. We'll discuss what each of these concepts mean and apply them to life, physical and Earth science.
3. Cause and Effect Relationship: Definition & Examples
This lesson explores the relationship between cause and effect and teaches you about the criteria for establishing a causal relationship, the difference between correlation and causation, and more.
4. Scale, Proportion & Quantity Across Natural & Engineered Systems
At times, the world around us can be a difficult place to grasp. Three ways to help us make better sense of natural phenomena and engineered systems are scale, quantity, and proportion. You'll learn about each of these in this lesson.
5. How to Infer Scales of the Solar System, Galaxy & Universe
The physical scales used to measure time and space in the solar system, galaxy, and universe vary widely. Inferences can simplify comparisons and give scientists an idea of the size of objects.
6. Using Models to Explain Phenomena or Make Predictions
In this lesson, we'll learn how to apply models to explain phenomenon in science. We'll explain what models are, how they're used, and look at specific examples, including mathematical models.
7. Feedback Mechanisms of Climate Change
Our climate is performing a constant balancing act. Discover what happens when this balance is upset, how our planet responds, and the important feedback mechanisms at play.
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Other chapters within the MoGEA Science & Social Studies Subtest: Study Guide & Practice course
- Life Science Concepts
- Physical Science Concepts
- Earth Science Concepts
- Scientific Explanations, Theories & Laws
- Scientific Inquiry & Experiments
- Interpreting Scientific Theories & Conclusions
- Science & Society
- Fundamental History Concepts
- Essential Geography Concepts
- Fundamental Government & Economics Concepts
- Fundamental Social Science Concepts
- Social Studies Research
- Interpreting Social Studies Documents
- MoGEA Science & Social Studies Subtest Flashcards