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Ch 1: Fundamental Science Concepts

About This Chapter

For an overview of fundamental science concepts, take a look at this comprehensive study guide chapter. You can use the chapter's fun lessons and quizzes for a variety of academic purposes, including test preparation, homework help, textbook supplementation and tutoring.

Fundamental Science Concepts - Chapter Summary

In this chapter, you'll study a collection of lessons that examine fundamental science concepts through expert instruction and engaging examples. After defining foundational science terminology, you'll explore the nature of scientific structures and phenomena. The chapter also dives into some astronomy and climate change topics. Upon completion of the chapter, you should be able to:

  • Define basic science terms
  • Evaluate essential scientific patterns, structures and functions
  • Describe cause and effect relationships
  • Analyze proportion, scale and quantity across engineered and natural systems
  • Infer scales of the universe, galaxies and our solar system
  • Explain scientific phenomena and make predictions using models
  • Assess climate change feedback mechanisms

As you work through the chapter, be sure to take the accompanying self-assessments and chapter exam. The Ask the Expert features allows you to submit questions if you have any, and your dashboard will keep track of your progress throughout the chapter. Finally, you can access these study resources online at any time that fits your schedule using your desktop, laptop or mobile device.

7 Lessons in Chapter 1: Fundamental Science Concepts
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Basic Science Concepts & Terminology

1. Basic Science Concepts & Terminology

You don't have to dedicate your life to the study of science to be a scientist. All you need to do is notice basic science concepts like systems, cycles, constancy and change. Read on to learn more about these essential scientific concepts.

Fundamental Scientific Concepts: Patterns, Structure, & Function

2. Fundamental Scientific Concepts: Patterns, Structure, & Function

In this lesson we'll be looking at some basic concepts that run concurrently through all disciplines in science: patterns, structure and function. We'll discuss what each of these concepts mean and apply them to life, physical and Earth science.

Cause and Effect Relationship: Definition & Examples

3. Cause and Effect Relationship: Definition & Examples

This lesson explores the relationship between cause and effect and teaches you about the criteria for establishing a causal relationship, the difference between correlation and causation, and more.

Scale, Proportion & Quantity Across Natural & Engineered Systems

4. Scale, Proportion & Quantity Across Natural & Engineered Systems

At times, the world around us can be a difficult place to grasp. Three ways to help us make better sense of natural phenomena and engineered systems are scale, quantity, and proportion. You'll learn about each of these in this lesson.

How to Infer Scales of the Solar System, Galaxy & Universe

5. How to Infer Scales of the Solar System, Galaxy & Universe

The physical scales used to measure time and space in the solar system, galaxy, and universe vary widely. Inferences can simplify comparisons and give scientists an idea of the size of objects.

Using Models to Explain Phenomena or Make Predictions

6. Using Models to Explain Phenomena or Make Predictions

In this lesson, we'll learn how to apply models to explain phenomenon in science. We'll explain what models are, how they're used, and look at specific examples, including mathematical models.

Feedback Mechanisms of Climate Change

7. Feedback Mechanisms of Climate Change

Our climate is performing a constant balancing act. Discover what happens when this balance is upset, how our planet responds, and the important feedback mechanisms at play.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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