About This Chapter
Fundamental Scientific Concepts for the Classroom - Chapter Summary
Your adventure into the wonder-filled world of science starts with our expert science instructors. They will guide you through the basics of each scientific domain, imparting specific content designed to give you a firm foundation of background knowledge to bring to your elementary classroom instruction. Each lesson in this comprehensive chapter gives overview of a primary topic covered in early childhood science lessons. Geology processes and materials, the solar system, matter and energy, and living organisms are a few of the concepts discussed in these lessons. Upon completion of this chapter you should be able to:
- Describing the processes that shape the Earth's surface
- Explain the solar system and the seasons
- Differentiate between physical and chemical properties
- Explain and heat, electricity, and magnetic force
- Classify Earth's materials
- List the characteristics of living things and their basic needs
- Compare ecosystems, habitats, ecological niches
Our professional instructors use short video lessons to help you engage with the topics of study. You can enhance the depth of your understanding by using the included transcripts and the Timeline feature of the video player, which allows you to review the main points of the lesson from tagged sections of the video. After each lesson, you will find a self-assessment quiz designed to help you evaluate your level of mastery with the concepts presented in this chapter. Be sure to track your progress on your Dashboard and have fun exploring the wonders of science.
1. The Dynamic Earth: Internal & External Forces that Shape Earth's Surface
There are many geologic processes that shape the surface of the Earth. Not only do they build and destroy a variety of landscapes, but they also give us clues to the interior of the Earth and the forces that exist there.
2. Geography of the Four Seasons
This lesson will explain how the earth's axis and rotation affect seasons. In doing this, it will also highlight the concept of the summer and winter solstices, as well as how seasons vary around the globe.
3. Solar System Overview
This lesson will go over the major aspects of our solar system, including the sun, planets, moons, asteroids, comets, meteors, meteorites, and meteoroids.
4. Matter: Physical and Chemical Properties
How are substances identified? There are two major ways we can describe a substance: physical properties and chemical properties. Learn about how chemists use properties to classify matter as either a mixture or a pure substance.
5. What is Heat? - Definition & Explanation
In this lesson, you will learn the definition of heat and find out how it differs from temperature. You will also explore practical applications of heat such as expansion, thermodynamics, heat transfer, specific heat, phase transitions, and heat engines.
6. What Is Electricity? - Definition & Concept
Learn the history of electricity, from Ben Franklin's kite experiment to laptop batteries. Explore the many different ways electricity is measured, generated, and stored.
7. Magnetic Force: Definition, Poles & Dipoles
You're probably familiar with magnets, but have you ever stopped to consider how they work? In this lesson, we'll look at the root of magnetism and some of the fundamental properties of magnets.
8. Earth's Materials: Minerals, Rocks, Soil & Water
Although the earth is a very complex system, there are only four main components of Earth that are the building blocks of life. These components are referred to as Earth's materials and include minerals, rocks, soil and water.
9. The Defining Characteristics of Living Organisms
A house is not a living thing, but the people, animals, and plants living inside it are. So how do we define 'life'? Learn about seven characteristics that all living organisms have in common, no matter how different they may look on the outside.
10. Living Organisms: Basic Needs
There are many types of living organisms on Earth. But what makes us all the same is our basic needs for survival, which is a shorter list than you might think!
11. Ecosystems, Habitats and Ecological Niches
Check out this video lesson to understand the many complex aspects of an ecosystem. See how animals live in habitats and survive amongst their surroundings.
12. The Environment, Levels of Ecology and Ecosystems
Do you know the difference between an environment and an ecosystem? In this lesson, you'll find out what makes an environment, and what makes an ecosystem. You'll also learn what ecology is and some of the ways that scientists study ecology using organisms, populations, communities, ecosystems and even the entire biosphere.
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Other chapters within the AEPA Early Childhood Education (AZ036): Practice & Study Guide course
- Child Growth & Development
- Factors Affecting Early Childhood Development
- Overview of Children's Exceptional Learning Needs
- Fostering Child Learning & Development
- Positive Learning Environments for Young Children
- Curriculum Planning & Classroom Strategies
- Early Childhood Language Development
- Supporting English Language Learners in Schools
- Developing Literacy in Children
- Literacy Teaching Fundamentals
- Literacy Teaching Strategies
- Teaching Foundational Writing Skills
- Foundations of Teaching Math
- Basic Elements of Mathematics
- Measurement & Geometry Skills
- Mathematics Instructional Strategies for Elementary Students
- Teaching Foundational Science Concepts to Elementary Students
- Basic Social Studies Concepts for the Classroom
- Early Childhood Social Studies Instruction
- Learning Through the Arts
- AEPA Early Childhood Education Flashcards