About This Chapter
Fundamentals of Scientific Inquiry & Processes - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our professional instructors cover topics relating to the fundamentals of scientific inquiry and processes. These include the scientific method, creativity in scientific research and experimental design. Once you finish these video lessons, you should be able to complete the following goals:
- Outline the nature of science
- Define scientific research and its use
- Detail the steps and terms used in the scientific method
- Identify the role of serendipity and creativity in scientific research
- Explain how scientific observations lead to scientific questioning
- Discuss the method used in experimental design in science
- Understand how to develop a scientific hypothesis
- Avoid bias in scientific investigations
Our learning resources are written by experts to give you confidence as you study these topics. The videos we've included here are easy to navigate using the video tabs feature if you don't want to watch the entire thing. Along with each lesson, you'll also find a short quiz to test your knowledge and to help identify any areas that need more review.
1. The Nature of Science
This lesson will explore the basic nature of science. It will distinguish science from pseudoscience and hypothesis from theory and natural law; it will give plenty of examples of each.
2. What is Scientific Research?
This lesson will discuss important components of scientific research, including the scientific method, peer review, statistical significance, and more!
3. The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms & Examples
The scientific method is more than just hypotheses and experiments. In this lesson, we'll explore the themes and variations that make up the world of science.
4. The Role of Serendipity & Creativity in Scientific Research
Science requires lots of hard work and dedication, but that's not all it takes to be successful. It also requires creative thinking and a bit of luck. In this lesson, learn about how creativity and serendipity play a role in the process of scientific discovery.
5. How Scientific Observations Lead to Scientific Questioning
Scientific observations are a major component of the scientific process because they lead scientists to ask questions about the world around them. These questions may then be refined with continued observation, or they may be tested through experimentation.
6. Experimental Design in Science: Definition & Method
What are the requirements of a scientific experiment? How do scientists turn hypotheses into theories and laws? Learn the answers to these questions and more in this lesson on the design of scientific experiments.
7. Developing a Scientific Hypothesis
This video describes how to create a hypothesis and includes the three main things needed to create a strong hypothesis. You'll learn how to make a clear statement that can be both tested and measured.
8. How to Avoid Bias in Scientific Investigations
In this lesson, you will learn what it takes to conduct a proper scientific investigation while doing your best to avoid any possibility of bias. Learn where possible sources of bias can come from and what you can do about it.
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Other chapters within the MTEL Earth Science (14): Test Prep & Study Guide course
- Working with Scientific Data
- Scientific Tools & Safety Practices
- How Science, Technology & Society Are Related
- Rocks, Minerals & Geologic Energy Resources
- Structure & Internal Dynamics of the Earth
- Weathering, Erosion & Deposition in Massachusetts
- Geologic Time & Dating in New England
- Hydrologic Cycle & Freshwater Systems
- Ocean Water, Currents, Tides & Waves
- Ocean Basins, Layers & Continental Shelves
- Understanding the Earth's Atmosphere
- Climatic Regions & Conditions
- Atmospheric Conditions & Types of Weather
- Weather, Climate & Society
- Understanding the Earth, Moon & Sun
- Solar System Organization & Components
- The Evolution of Stars
- Origin, Observation & Evolution of the Universe
- MTEL Earth Science Flashcards