Ch 5: GACE Behavioral Science: Biological Bases of Behavior

About This Chapter

As you prepare to take the GACE Behavioral Science exam, use this chapter to improve your memory of the structures and functions of the nervous and endocrine systems responsible for our behavior.

GACE Behavioral Science: Biological Bases of Behavior - Chapter Summary

Watch this series of short, engaging lesson videos to prepare for questions about the biological bases of behavior. These lesson videos are taught by expert instructors who discuss the structures and functions of the biological systems that control behavior. After these lessons you should have a better understanding of:

  • The relationship between biological processes and mental states
  • Structures and functions of neurons
  • Different types of neurotransmitters
  • Functions of the central and peripheral nervous system
  • Structures of the brain
  • Effects of neuroplasticity
  • Functions of hormones in the endocrine system

These lesson videos are mobile-device-compatible so that you can take them with you when you're away from your computer. As you complete these lessons, be sure to test your understanding of the material by completing the lesson quizzes and chapter exam that accompany them. When you find topics you don't understand or want more help with, return to main points of the videos with the timeline's jump feature to refresh your understanding of the material.

GACE Behavioral Science: Biological Bases of Behavior Objectives

The state of Georgia uses the Georgia Assessments for the Certification of Educators (GACE) Behavioral Science exam to measure future educators' understanding of behavioral science. Designed for aspiring teachers of sociology, anthropology and psychology, this certification exam is composed of two subtests, both with 60 multiple-choice questions. You can choose to take these exams in either two 2.5-hour testing sessions or one 5-hour testing session. Eighty percent of the questions on the first subtest will be about psychology, and includes some questions about the biological bases of behavior. Prepare for these questions by completing the lessons and assessments of this chapter.

12 Lessons in Chapter 5: GACE Behavioral Science: Biological Bases of Behavior
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Intro to Biological Psychology

1. Intro to Biological Psychology

What are the biological factors that affect our behavior? In this lesson, you'll take a look at biological psychology, which looks at the interplay between biological processes and mental states.

What is a Neuron? - Definition, Parts & Function

2. What is a Neuron? - Definition, Parts & Function

What are the parts of a neuron? You'll watch Neuron Garciaparra work up a sweat as he throws baseballs to demonstrate the structures and functions of the billions of neurons that reside in your body.

What is a Neurotransmitter? - Definition, Types, Function & Examples

3. What is a Neurotransmitter? - Definition, Types, Function & Examples

How do our bodies communicate with our brains and vice versa? In this video, you'll see how neurons and neurotransmitters can be likened to billions of tiny baseball players engaged in a non-stop game of catch.

Nervous System Overview: Central & Peripheral

4. Nervous System Overview: Central & Peripheral

What happens in your nervous system when you react to stimuli? Did you know that the brain is sometimes uninvolved with reflexes? Find out the answer to these questions, and more, in this lesson on the human nervous system.

What is Neuroplasticity? - Definition & Examples

5. What is Neuroplasticity? - Definition & Examples

Is your brain preprogrammed and unchangeable or adaptive and malleable? As you watch this video, you'll explore how the brain, a more resilient and resourceful machine than any computer, responds to damage and new experiences.

Endocrine System Function & Hormone Regulation

6. Endocrine System Function & Hormone Regulation

Our hormones play a big part in how we feel and behave throughout the day. Hormones also affect important bodily functions. What other functions do our hormones regulate? Find out in this lesson on the endocrine system!

Functions of the Nervous System

7. Functions of the Nervous System

In this lesson, we'll watch Timmy as he plays in his backyard. Watch what happens when he tries to catch a butterfly, hears a mean dog bark, and scrapes his knee. All of Timmy's reactions are tied to his nervous system. For a full explanation of what goes on in the human nervous system, check out the video!

Positive and Negative Feedback in the Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Nervous System

8. Positive and Negative Feedback in the Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Nervous System

In this lesson, you'll study positive and negative feedback in the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. You'll also learn why we have a fight or flight instinct and how it works.

Brain Structures and Functions Part I

9. Brain Structures and Functions Part I

The brain's complexity can often be difficult to understand because it serves so many important functions. In this lesson, you'll get a little help from Nrr, the alien biologist, who will guide you through understanding the structure and functions of the human brain.

The Cerebral Cortex: Brain Structures and Functions Part II

10. The Cerebral Cortex: Brain Structures and Functions Part II

Check out this video lesson to learn about the four lobes of the human brain - the frontal, parietal, occipital and temporal. You'll learn about the functions and processes of each region.

Types of Neurons: Sensory, Afferent, Motor, Efferent & More

11. Types of Neurons: Sensory, Afferent, Motor, Efferent & More

There are many types of neurons in your body that help you see, smell, hear, and move. In this lesson, you'll learn more about afferent, efferent, sensory, and motor neurons.

Sensory Nerves: Types and Functions of Sensors and Receptors

12. Sensory Nerves: Types and Functions of Sensors and Receptors

In this lesson, we will explore what gives you the ability to sense temporary and sustained pressure, touch, and vibration. In addition, we'll touch base on certain nerves that allow you to sense the coolness of an ice cube in your mouth or the sensation of warmth on your skin.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the GACE Behavioral Science (550): Practice & Study Guide course

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