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Ch 43: GACE Behavioral Science: Social Processes

About This Chapter

As you study for the GACE Behavioral Science test, use this chapter to reinforce your understanding of content on social processes so that you can correctly answer relevant exam items.

GACE Behavioral Science: Social Processes - Chapter Summary

Complete the activities of this chapter to review some of the elements found in every culture, perceptions of culture, how cultures are studied and the agents and importance of socialization. Start by watching the video lessons about these topics to help make sure you're ready for GACE Behavioral Science test questions asking about:

  • Symbols, language, values and norms
  • The difference between ideal and real culture
  • Theoretical approaches used to examine culture
  • Agents of socialization
  • Social interaction theory
  • How social roles are defined

Since these video lessons are mobile device friendly, you don't have to limit your studies to your computer. Also, if you feel you would benefit from an alternative review of the material, read over the lesson transcripts. These lesson transcripts are written overviews of the lessons and cover the same material as the videos. After you've reviewed these lessons test your understanding of the material to find out what topics you should review further using the lesson quizzes and chapter exam.

8 Lessons in Chapter 43: GACE Behavioral Science: Social Processes
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture

1. Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture

Culture combines many elements to create a unique way of living for different people. In this lesson, we identify four of the elements that exist in every culture, albeit in different forms: symbols, language, values, and norms. We also differentiate between folkways and mores.

Cultural Values: Definition, Examples & Importance

2. Cultural Values: Definition, Examples & Importance

Think about your favorite family or religious celebration. Chances are that your traditions are directly connected to the cultural values that your community has been passing down for generations.

Perceptions of Culture: Ideal Culture and Real Culture, Ethnocentrism, & Culture Relativism

3. Perceptions of Culture: Ideal Culture and Real Culture, Ethnocentrism, & Culture Relativism

The way we perceive culture - both our own and that of others - is affected by many things. In this lesson, we define and discuss the difference between perceptions of ideal culture and real culture. We also examine ethnocentrism and compare it to the idea of culture relativism.

Cultural Analysis: Theoretical Approaches

4. Cultural Analysis: Theoretical Approaches

In this lesson, we cover three theoretical approaches used by sociologists to analyze culture: structural-functional theory, social-conflict theory, and sociobiology. We define and discuss each theory, along with examples.

Socialization and Social Isolation: Definition & Case Studies

5. Socialization and Social Isolation: Definition & Case Studies

Interestingly, socialization seems to be the process that makes us act human. Here, we define socialization and discuss its importance to human development. We also contrast it to social isolation and discuss several case studies regarding what happens when humans don't or can't socialize.

Agents of Socialization: Family, Schools, Peers and Media

6. Agents of Socialization: Family, Schools, Peers and Media

The socialization that we receive in childhood has a lasting effect on our ability to interact with others in society. In this lesson, we identify and discuss four of the most influential agents of socialization in childhood: family, school, peers, and media.

Social Interaction Theory: Ascribed, Achieved & Master Status

7. Social Interaction Theory: Ascribed, Achieved & Master Status

In this lesson, we discuss social interaction theory, putting particular emphasis on the concept of social statuses. We identify and define several types of statuses, including ascribed, achieved, and master status.

Social Roles: Definition and Types of Social Roles

8. Social Roles: Definition and Types of Social Roles

This lesson focuses on the roles that society socially constructs. We define social roles and identify examples. We also examine types of social roles and what can happen with them, including role conflict, role strain, and role exit.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the GACE Behavioral Science (550): Practice & Study Guide course

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