About This Chapter
GACE Health Education: Human Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter Summary
Time is valuable, and if you're looking to study for the GACE while keeping up with other responsibilities, our convenient, portable lessons are here to help. Use your mobile device to access our library of videos, transcripts and quizzes at any time of day. The videos in this chapter are led by professionals who detail anatomy and physiology concepts that include:
- Skeletal and muscular systems
- Functions and parts of the human circulatory system
- Human respiratory system's gas exchange
- Upper and lower gastrointestinal tracts
- Excretory system
- Central and peripheral nervous systems; sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems
- Endocrine and immune systems
- Lymphatic system; functions of the integumentary system
Use the transcripts to see highlighted terms from each video lesson and other illustrated examples. Then take the brief lesson quiz to measure your understanding of the material, and you will be one step closer to passing the GACE.
Objectives of the GACE Health Education: Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter
The GACE is a teacher certification test that looks at your professional knowledge of health and physical education topics. It is divided into two tests with 100 selected-response questions in each.
The first test has two subareas, and the concepts in this Human Anatomy and Physiology chapter are on the first section titled Mental and Emotional Health/Sexual Health. Approximately 70 questions make up this section.
1. Skeletal System and Muscular System
Do you know how many bones are in the human body? Check out this video lesson to uncover the answer, as well as understand the role and importance of the skeletal and muscular systems.
2. The Human Circulatory System: Parts and Functions
In this lesson, you will take a ride on the transportation system of the body called the circulatory system and its two parts: the pulmonary circuit and the systemic circuit. Take a look inside and see how every inch of your body receives the oxygen and nutrients it needs.
3. Gas Exchange in the Human Respiratory System
Did you know that the average human lung has a respiratory surface area that is roughly the same size as half of a tennis court? Believe it or not, that's how much surface area an active, healthy human needs to ensure that the body gets plenty of oxygen.
4. Digestive System I: The Upper Gastrointestinal Tract
Did you know that there are digestive enzymes in your saliva? It's true. As soon as you put a piece of food in your mouth, the digestive process begins. Join us with this first of two lessons about the human digestive system, where we'll follow food through the upper gastrointestinal tract from the mouth through the stomach.
5. Digestive System II: The Lower Gastrointestinal Tract
The lower gastrointestinal tract is the part of the digestive system that is responsible for the last part of food digestion and the expulsion of waste from the body. In this lesson, we'll look at each part of the system and what functions each serves in the process of digestion.
6. Excretory System
Each year in the U.S., close to 400,000 people with kidney failure undergo dialysis treatment in order to remove waste, remove excess fluid and restore electrolyte balance. Kidneys, the workhorses of the excretory system, perform these same functions more effectively than any machine. In this lesson, we'll talk about how the excretory system removes toxic substances from the body.
7. Nervous System Overview: Central & Peripheral
What happens in your nervous system when you react to stimuli? Did you know that the brain is sometimes uninvolved with reflexes? Find out the answer to these questions, and more, in this lesson on the human nervous system.
8. The Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems
Did you know that hammerhead sharks and platypuses share a special type of sensory neuron that humans and most other animals don't have? In this lesson, you'll find out what that sensory neuron and a whole lot of others can do. You'll also learn how the nervous system is organized and the differences between the central and peripheral nervous systems.
9. The Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Nervous Systems
In this lesson, you'll learn about two subdivisions of the autonomic nervous system - the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. Watch as a hiker, Phil, runs away from a terrifying bear and see how these systems react to the impending danger!
10. Endocrine System Function & Hormone Regulation
Our hormones play a big part in how we feel and behave throughout the day. Hormones also affect important bodily functions. What other functions do our hormones regulate? Find out in this lesson on the endocrine system!
11. How the Human Immune System Works
Your immune system protects you against microorganisms that could make you sick. It is made up of an army of white blood cells that work together to recognize and destroy the bad guys. Learn how your immune system and immunizations work.
12. The Lymphatic System: Definition and Fundamental Components
This lesson will cover something known as the lymphatic system. You'll learn about bone marrow, lymph, the thymus, lymph nodes, spleen, and much more as we explore this critical component of your immune system.
13. What is the Function of the Integumentary System?
In this lesson, we'll explore the function of the different parts of the integumentary system, which protects the body. We will look at how the skin and its accessory organs work together.
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Other chapters within the GACE Health Education (613): Practice & Study Guide course
- GACE Health Education: Psychosocial Health & Well-Being
- GACE Health Education: Emotional Health & Development
- GACE Health Education: Mental Health & Stress
- GACE Health Education: Social Development & Sense of Self
- GACE Health Education: Types of Relationships
- GACE Health Education: Family Structure & Behaviors
- GACE Health Education: Human Development
- GACE Health Education: Human Reproductive Systems
- GACE Health Education: Contraception & Family Planning
- GACE Health Education: Reproduction, Pregnancy & Birth
- GACE Health Education: Human Sexuality & STDs
- GACE Health Education: Diseases & Immunity
- GACE Health Education: Personal Safety & Injury Prevention
- GACE Health Education: Sources & Functions of Nutrients
- GACE Health Education: Diet & Nutrition
- GACE Health Education: Drug & Substance Abuse
- GACE Health Education: Health Education Teachers
- GACE Health Education Flashcards