About This Chapter
GACE Health Education: Sources and Functions of Nutrients - Chapter Summary
Use this chapter to strengthen all that you studied in college, and it might show you a few new topics as well. The chapter is divided into several short lesson videos that communicate all the nutritional information you'll need to know for the GACE in an engaging, humorous manner. If you learn best by reading, you can pick out key terms from the written transcripts that go along with the videos to maximize your studying effectiveness. After completing the chapter, you should be able to answer questions about the following subjects:
- Energy-yielding nutrients of carbohydrates, fat and protein
- Structure and function of carbohydrates
- Classes of lipids and their structure and function
- How amino acids form proteins
- Roles of essential and non-essential amino acids
- Importance of water as a nutrient
- Major and trace minerals
- Conditions that affect the absorption, retention and availability of minerals
- How minerals impact body functions
- Recommended vitamin requirements
- Water and fat-soluble vitamins
The lesson quizzes and final chapter test are good ways to check just how much you have learned and what you might need to go back and look at again. Should you need to go back to a particular part of a lesson, use the easy video tags that we have included.
Objectives of the GACE Health Education: Sources and Functions of Nutrients Chapter
The state of Georgia requires prospective teachers to take the GACE exam to measure their subject knowledge and skills. There are 200 total questions in this two-part test, and you will have five hours to complete it. This is a computerized test with all selected-response questions. You may have to select one answer or multiple options. You could also have to enter a numeral into a text box or use drag and drop options.
Questions pertaining to the topics in this chapter on the sources and functions of nutrients are on the Personal Health, Wellness and Nutrition part of Test II, which accounts for 40% of the second test.
1. What is Nutrition?
Nutrition is the process of taking in nutrients from the foods you eat. Learn about the six nutrients needed for energy, maintenance of tissues and regulation of bodily processes: carbohydrates, fats, proteins, water, vitamins and minerals.
2. Energy-Yielding Nutrients: Carbohydrates, Fat & Protein
Carbohydrates, fats and proteins are referred to as the three energy-yielding nutrients because they provide your body with energy that is measured in calories. You'll also learn about another substance that can provide your body with calories, even though it is not a nutrient.
3. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.
4. What Are Carbohydrates? - Sources & Intake Guidelines
Do you know which foods contain carbohydrates? Learn sources of both simple and complex carbohydrates, as well as how many carbs you should consume each day to stay healthy and avoid disease, in this lesson.
5. Structure and Function of Lipids
Molecules called lipids have long hydrocarbon chains that determine the way they act. They can be fats, oils, or hormones, and even exist in our cell membranes. Learn more about the chemical structure and biological function of various lipids in this lesson.
6. Lipids: Types & Nutritional Role
There are different types of lipids, and each one plays a role in your health. Learn how triglycerides, phospholipids and steroids differ in their chemical structure and the jobs they do within your body.
7. How Amino Acids Form Protein
Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Learn about the basic structure of an amino acid and how the molecules bond together through peptide bonds using a process called a dehydration synthesis reaction.
8. Essential & Nonessential Amino Acids: Difference & Roles
The proteins in your body are made up of 20 amino acids. Your body can synthesize the nonessential amino acids, but the remaining amino acids need to come from your diet, making them essential amino acids. Learn about this difference and their roles.
9. Water's Role as a Nutrient: Importance & Dietary Need
Water is an important thing for the entire world and the world inside your body. This lesson will point out why it's important for you and how much you need on a daily basis.
10. Classification of Minerals: Major & Trace
Minerals are needed for good health. Major minerals include sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and sulfur. Trace minerals include iron, zinc, iodine, copper, manganese, fluoride, selenium, chromium and molybdenum. Learn about both major and trace minerals in this lesson.
11. Influences on the Absorption, Retention, & Availability of Minerals in the Body
Minerals are inorganic compounds needed by your body. The degree to which minerals can be absorbed, retained and made available depends on factors such as different components of your diet and your body's need for the mineral.
12. Minerals in Our Food: Functions in the Body & Food Sources
Minerals are important substances that help your body's form and function on many different levels. This lesson will go over some important ones, what they do, and where they are found in our diets.
13. Vitamins We Need: Their Importance & Sources
There are a lot of different vitamins, and they come from many different places! This lesson will teach you about what they are, how many different kinds you need, what they do, and where you can obtain them naturally.
14. Classification of Vitamins: Water-soluble & Fat-soluble
Vitamins are classified based on their solubility. The fat-soluble vitamins are A, D, E and K. They can be stored in the body. The water-soluble vitamins are the B-complex vitamins and vitamin C. They are easily flushed out of the body.
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Other chapters within the GACE Health Education (613): Practice & Study Guide course
- GACE Health Education: Psychosocial Health & Well-Being
- GACE Health Education: Emotional Health & Development
- GACE Health Education: Mental Health & Stress
- GACE Health Education: Social Development & Sense of Self
- GACE Health Education: Types of Relationships
- GACE Health Education: Family Structure & Behaviors
- GACE Health Education: Human Development
- GACE Health Education: Human Anatomy & Physiology
- GACE Health Education: Human Reproductive Systems
- GACE Health Education: Contraception & Family Planning
- GACE Health Education: Reproduction, Pregnancy & Birth
- GACE Health Education: Human Sexuality & STDs
- GACE Health Education: Diseases & Immunity
- GACE Health Education: Personal Safety & Injury Prevention
- GACE Health Education: Diet & Nutrition
- GACE Health Education: Drug & Substance Abuse
- GACE Health Education: Health Education Teachers
- GACE Health Education Flashcards