Ch 2: GACE History: Ancient Civilizations in the Near East

About This Chapter

Use the lessons in this chapter to review the important facts about ancient civilizations in the Near East, as you prepare for the GACE History Exam. Our video lessons and self-assessment quizzes combine to give you multiple study strategies that can help you answer questions on this subject correctly on the test.

GACE History: Ancient Civilizations in the Near East - Chapter Summary

Use the lessons in this chapter to help you recollect the history of ancient civilizations in the Near East, in preparation for the GACE History Exam. The videos review all the important points you need to know, including:

  • Mesopotamia and Mesopotamian kings
  • Sumer's protoliterate period
  • Invention of writing
  • Old Sumerian period
  • The Fertile Crescent
  • The Epic of Gilgamesh
  • Heirs of the Sumerians
  • Assyrian architecture and art
  • Hammurabi's Code
  • Polytheism and monotheism
  • Beliefs of the Hebrews

Our knowledgeable instructors go over everything you need to study, stressing the highlights, to help you prepare for the exam. We offer quizzes and a chapter exam to test your knowledge of this period in history as well as transcripts and a jump feature that lets you return to main points in each video. By having a variety of ways to absorb the material, studying is easier, more efficient, and more fun.

Objectives of the GACE History: Ancient Civilizations in the Near East Chapter

The GACE History Exam is a computer-based-test that evaluates your knowledge and comprehension of all aspects of history. You need to pass both tests that comprise the exam in order to become licensed as a teacher in the state of Georgia. The topics in this Ancient Civilizations in the Near East chapter fall within the World History to 1450 CE subarea which makes up 40% of Test I. By taking the self-assessment quizzes that come with the videos, you can check on how well your studying is going, and at the same time gain experience with the types of questions you'll find on the test.

The GACE History Exam consists of 65 structured-response items on Test I and 65 structured-response items on Test II, for a total of 130 items. You will be presented with passages and questions that are followed by a series of response alternatives. Your task will be to select the single correct answer from the possibilities presented.

12 Lessons in Chapter 2: GACE History: Ancient Civilizations in the Near East
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Mesopotamia: The First Civilization

1. Mesopotamia: The First Civilization

In this lesson, we explore the beginning of one of the oldest civilizations in the world, Mesopotamia. We specifically discuss the factors that encouraged settlement in the region.

Mesopotamian Kings: History, Politics & Religion

2. Mesopotamian Kings: History, Politics & Religion

Ancient Mesopotamia was a land of chaotic weather and inner turmoil. Religion became a political weapon for fighting among the city-states. This lesson explores the link between religion and politics in the ancient land.

Sumer's Protoliterate Period & the Origin of Writing

3. Sumer's Protoliterate Period & the Origin of Writing

In this lesson, we explore the Sumerian development of writing and the important cultural factors that led to its usage, as well as some of the practices in which it was quickly utilized. After, feel free to test yourself on the brief quiz.

The Invention of Writing

4. The Invention of Writing

Writing, the original IT: This lecture covers the limitations and obstacles of aural transmission. It describes the invention of Cuneiform in the fertile crescent. Finally, it explains how writing enabled literate societies to dominate their pre-literate neighbors.

Old Sumerian Period: Wars & Expansion

5. Old Sumerian Period: Wars & Expansion

In this lesson, we explore the Old Sumerian Period, a period of Mesopotamian history where the growth of prosperous city-states led to intermittent periods of warfare.

The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

6. The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

Complex civilization wasn't always the norm. In this lesson, we are going to check out the origins of civilization as we know it, and see where, when, and how this new system of living first began.

The Epic of Gilgamesh

7. The Epic of Gilgamesh

Witness the Epic of Gilgamesh, a story of adventure, love and friendship. This long poem will help us examine the hallmarks of civilization for a Sumerian and the importance of dreams. We'll also cover the Sumerian contributions to the epic form of literature.

Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians

8. Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians

This lecture covers the history of Mesopotamia from the disintegration of the Sumerian Empire to the great Bronze Age collapse. We'll explore the destructive force of the Elamites and the Hittites as well as the imperial ambitions of the Babylonians, the Mittani and the Assyrians.

Assyrian Art and Architecture

9. Assyrian Art and Architecture

This lesson explores the unique characteristics of a fierce and violent culture: the Assyrians. The Assyrians were a warrior culture living in ancient Mesopotamia who used art and architecture to display their power.

Hammurabi's Code: The Advent of Law, Prerequisites and Implications

10. Hammurabi's Code: The Advent of Law, Prerequisites and Implications

This lecture discusses the need for law and the benefits of a judicial system. Next, it reviews the history of early law codes, like those of Ur-Nammu and Hammurabi. Finally, we look at the implications of law for kings.

What's the Difference Between Polytheism and Monotheism?

11. What's the Difference Between Polytheism and Monotheism?

There have been many religions throughout human history, and each one has had a unique set of beliefs. In this lesson, we're going to look at the two main categories into which most of the world's religions fit and then compare them to each other.

The Hebrews and Their Beliefs

12. The Hebrews and Their Beliefs

This lesson covers the Hebrews and their beliefs. We look at the core tenets of Judaism and explore some of the stories from the Torah. Finally, we see how the Hebrews' history of oppression impacted their religion and the world today.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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