# Ch 16: GACE Middle Grades Math: Number Theory

### About This Chapter

## GACE Middle Grades Math: Number Theory - Chapter Summary

Consult this chapter's online video lessons as you prepare to answer number theory questions on the GACE Middle Grades Math examination. The lessons will serve as tutorials that bring to mind concepts you've already learned. Reinforce your ability to identify prime numbers as well as your capacity to work with integers and to understand prime factorization. The videos in this chapter could assist you with:

- Recognizing odd, even, prime and composite numbers
- Finding prime factorization and using exponents
- Calculating the greatest common factor and the least common multiple
- Solving word problems that involve the least common multiple or the greatest common factor

You'll re-examine these topics with the help of the accomplished video instructors who aim to prepare you for the GACE Middle Grades Math examination. The videos themselves are brief and easy to follow. They consist of text transcripts as well as video tags that help you find the facts you need quickly. Study at your convenience and submit your questions as they arise. The lesson quizzes and the chapter examination will test your renewed understanding of number theory.

### 1. What Are Prime Numbers? - Definition & Examples

In this lesson, we'll do a brief review of factors, and then learn how factors make prime numbers unique. You can also test your knowledge with a brief quiz.

### 2. What Are Composite Numbers? - Definition & Examples

In this lesson, you'll learn what composite numbers are and briefly touch on prime numbers. You'll also learn a couple of rules about composite numbers. Then, you can test your new knowledge with a brief quiz.

### 3. What Are Odd & Even Numbers? - Definition & Examples

In this lesson, you'll learn what odd and even numbers are with the help of some visual aids. You'll also learn some interesting properties of odd and even numbers. Then, you can test your new knowledge with a brief quiz.

### 4. How to Find the Prime Factorization of a Number

The prime factorization of a number involves breaking that number down to its smallest parts. This lesson will show you two different ways to discover the prime factorization of any number.

### 5. Finding the Prime Factorization with Exponents

After watching this video lesson, you will be able to factor any number using just prime numbers and exponents. Learn how to break apart any number you are given. Then, test your new knowledge with some examples.

### 6. How to Find the Greatest Common Factor

If the factors of a number are the different numbers that you can multiply together to get that original number, then the greatest common factor of two numbers is just the biggest one that both have in common. See some examples of what I'm talking about here!

### 7. How to Find the Least Common Multiple

The least common multiple of two numbers is the smallest number that can be divided evenly by your two original numbers. See some examples of what I'm talking about here!

### 8. Using Prime Factorizations to Find the Least Common Multiples

Finding the least common multiple can seem like a lot of work. But we can use prime factorization as a shortcut. Find out how and practice finding least common multiples in this lesson.

### 9. Word Problems: Greatest Common Factor & Least Common Multiple

In this video lesson, you will learn what kinds of word problems you can expect to see that involve the greatest common factor or the least common multiple. Learn what you need to do to understand these problems and then to solve them.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the GACE Middle Grades Mathematics (013): Practice & Study Guide course

- GACE Middle Grades Math: Basic Arithmetic Operations
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Solving Math Word Problems
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Properties of Numbers
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Roots & Radical Expressions
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Exponents & Exponential Expressions
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Scientific Notation
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Simplifying Expressions
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Integers
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Rational Numbers
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Fractions
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Operations with Fractions
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Decimals
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Operations with Decimals
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Percents
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Rates, Ratios & Proportions
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Factoring
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Estimating & Rounding
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Monomials & Polynomials
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Writing Algebraic Expressions
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Basic Algebraic Expressions
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Algebraic Distribution
- GACE Middle Grades Math: One-Step Equations
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Two-Step Equations
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Rational Expressions
- GACE Middle Grades Math: The Coordinate Graph
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Linear Equations
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Systems of Linear Equations
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Negative Numbers
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Absolute Value
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Inequalities
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Number Patterns & Sequences
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Properties of Functions
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Graphing Functions
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Perimeter & Area
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Polyhedrons & Geometric Solids
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Symmetry, Similarity & Congruence
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Properties of Lines
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Angles
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Triangles
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Triangle Theorems & Proofs
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Similar Polygons
- GACE Middle Grades Math: The Pythagorean Theorem
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Quadrilaterals
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Circles
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Circular Arcs & Measurement
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Transformations
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Measurement
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Data & Graphs
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Sets
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Statistics
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Data Collection
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Samples & Populations
- GACE Middle Grades Math: Probability
- GACE Middle Grades Mathematics Flashcards