About This Chapter
Garden Designs & History - Chapter Summary
This chapter examines the history and design of gardens across China and Japan. Our expert instructors will show you the characteristics of several garden types and structures, including Japanese tea gardens, stupas and Chinese pagodas. Supplement your studying experience with the included self-assessment quizzes. If you have any questions, you can easily reach out to our instructors. The chapter is available 24/7, and you can use any computer or mobile device to access it. When you're finished with the chapter, you should be able to:
- Recognize Japanese tea, pond and rock garden design
- Evaluate the history and design elements of Chinese gardens
- Explain the symbolism of stupas
- Differentiate between Japanese and Chinese pagodas
1. Japanese Tea Gardens: History, Plants & Design
In this lesson, we explore the Japanese tea garden, a space devoted to the sacred Tea Ceremony. We'll explore the history, design, symbolic elements, and selection of plants.
2. Japanese Pond Gardens: Design, Plants & Koi
Water, especially ponds play a vital role in Japanese gardens. This lesson discusses the background, design, and symbolism of pond gardens, their plants, and the Japanese koi fish.
3. Japanese Rock Gardens: History, Design & Facts
This lesson explores the history, religious significance, composition, and design of Japanese rock gardens. We'll examine renowned temple garden, patterns of raked sand or gravel, and the use of stones to represent water.
4. Chinese Gardens: History & Symbolism
This lesson addresses the changing design and role of gardens across 3,000 years of Chinese history, from the Zhou Dynasty (1046 - 256 BCE) to the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644 CE), including the composition, symbolism, and philosophical aspects of these gardens.
5. Chinese Gardens: Plants, Water & Rocks
This lesson introduces the four basic elements of Chinese gardens: rocks, water, plants, and buildings, as well as discusses particular uses and how they interact.
6. Chinese Garden Architecture: Elements & Design
This lesson discusses the complex process of designing a traditional Chinese garden, including the intellectual rigors, the balancing of cosmological forces, the manifestations of elements, and applying feng shui expertise to design and construction.
7. What is a Stupa? - Definition & Symbolism
Architecture is rarely a matter of simply making structures that stand up, and few edifices demonstrate the symbolism of buildings better than the stupa. In this lesson, we'll examine this architectural form and see what it represents.
8. Japanese Pagodas: Architecture, History & Facts
Learn about the architectural style of the Japanese Pagoda and its historical evolution from the burial mounds of ancient India. Discover the meaning behind its unique form and the role it has played in religious life.
9. Chinese Pagodas: Architecture, History & Facts
In this lesson, learn about how the Chinese adapted an ancient Indian building type to fit into to their own architectural style. We will look at the changes over time that led to its current form.
10. Peterhof Palace: History & Complex
Peterhof is a large complex outside of St. Petersburg that contains grand palaces, gardens, fountains, and other amenities. In this lesson, you will learn about the features of this marvelous example of eighteenth-century Russian architecture.
11. Sir Edwin Lutyens: Architecture & Gardens
Sir Edwin Lutyens was a British architect whose career spanned the late 1800s and early 1900s. In this lesson, we learn about his buildings and gardens and discuss how they contributed to the architecture world.
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Other chapters within the Architectural Structures Study Guide course
- Architecture of Famous Mosques
- Architecture & Temples of Asia
- Architecture of Theaters & Opera Houses
- Architecture of Cities
- Bridges of the United States
- Bridges of the World
- Notable US Sights
- Famous Architectural Works
- Architectural Structures in Spain
- Bridges in the Mid-Atlantic States
- Bridges in the South Atlantic States
- California Architectural Structures
- Canadian Bridges
- European Bridges
- Italian Architectural Structures
- Louisiana Bridges
- Massachusetts Bridges
- New York Architectural Structures
- Oregon Bridges
- Architecture & Design of Famous Churches & Cathedrals
- Architecure & Design of Famous Castles
- The Great Wall of China