Ch 11: Gases in Chemistry: Help and Review
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- Verify you're ready by completing the Gases in Chemistry chapter exam.
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Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in the gases in chemistry unit of a standard high school chemistry course. Topics covered include:
- Avogadro's Law
- Boyle's Law
- Dalton's Law
- Graham's Law
- The Boltzmann Distribution
1. The Kinetic Molecular Theory: Properties of Gases
Ideal gas molecules do not repel or attract each other, and professionals, like engineers, who work with gases need to recognize which gases are ideal. Learn how the kinetic molecular theory helps scientists and others understand the properties of ideal gases.
2. Pressure: Definition, Units, and Conversions
Talking about pressure is talking about the force per unit area in a container. Learn about the definition of pressure, explore some of the units that are used to express measurements of pressure, and discover how to make conversions among units.
3. Temperature Units: Converting Between Kelvin and Celsius
Describing the weather sounds different in different countries and to scientists, who use both the Kelvin scale and the Celsius scale to measure temperature in different units. Learn how temperature is measured differently above absolute zero and how to convert between the Fahrenheit scale, Celsius scale, and Kelvin scale.
4. How to Find the Density of a Gas
The ideal gas law is used to solve for the density of a gas, which is more difficult due to its easily influenced nature. Learn about the importance of the ideal gas law and how to use it to calculate the density of a gas.
5. Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures: Calculating Partial & Total Pressures
Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures is used to calculate the partial and the total pressures of gases. Explore how gases behave after being mixed together and discover how to apply Dalton's Law to scientific problems concerning water vapor.
6. The Boltzmann Distribution: Temperature and Kinetic Energy of Gases
Determining the movement of gas particles is difficult, but the Boltzmann distribution can show the probability of kinetic energy using temperature. Learn about how gas particles move, how the Boltzmann distribution curve works, and what factors can contribute to curve changes.
7. Diffusion and Effusion: Graham's Law
Graham's Law helps explain how gas particles move through the air. Learn about Graham's Law, including the processes of diffusion and effusion, and explore how to use the law to solve problems.
8. Molar Volume: Using Avogadro's Law to Calculate the Quantity or Volume of a Gas
Avogadro's law can be represented as an equation and is a tool used to calculate the quantity or volume of a gas. Explore Avogadro's law equation and discover how it is used to solve problems involving molar volume.
9. Boyle's Law: Gas Pressure and Volume Relationship
According to Boyle's law, the pressure of a given quantity of gas is inversely proportional to its volume at a constant temperature. Understand Boyle's law and how to apply it to solve problems involving volume and pressure.
10. Charles' Law: Gas Volume and Temperature Relationship
In the late 1700s, Jacques Charles discovered when gas pressure remains constant as the temperature increases, the volume of the gas will also increase. This discovery became known as Charles' law. Learn about Jacques Charles, absolute zero, and how to use the equation for Charles' law to determine the relationship between gas volume and temperature.
11. Gay-Lussac's Law: Gas Pressure and Temperature Relationship
Gay-Lussac's law states that as the temperature of a gas increases inside a container with a constant volume, the pressure inside the container will also increase. Learn about Gay-Lussac's law, the relationship between temperature and gas pressure, and how to use Gay-Lussac's equation to solve real-world applications.
12. The Ideal Gas Law and the Gas Constant
The ideal gas law can be used to predict real gas behavior. Learn about this law, including its equation, and understand how to use the equation to solve a gas problem. Explore the concepts used by the ideal gas law such as the gas constant.
13. Using the Ideal Gas Law: Calculate Pressure, Volume, Temperature, or Quantity of a Gas
The equation for the ideal gas law is PV = nRT. Learn how to use this equation to solve for the pressure in the atmosphere, volume in liters, number of particles in moles, the temperature in Kelvin, and the ideal gas constant.
14. Real Gases: Deviation From the Ideal Gas Laws
The behavior of real gases requires the use of a modified equation. Understand the ideal gas law, examine gas behavior assumptions, the Van Der Waals equation, and the deviations from the ideal gas laws.
15. Real Gases: Using the Van der Waals Equation
Real gases behave differently under non-ideal conditions, such as high pressure, high density, or low temperature. Use the Van der Waals equation to account for the difference in volume and attractive forces between molecules.
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Other chapters within the High School Chemistry: Help and Review course
- Introduction to Chemistry: Help and Review
- Measurement and Problem Solving: Help and Review
- Experimental Laboratory Chemistry: Help and Review
- What Is Matter? - Help and Review
- Understanding Atomic Structure: Help and Review
- The Periodic Table of Elements: Help and Review
- The Representative Elements of the Periodic Table: Help and Review
- Nuclear Chemistry & Radioactive Decay: Help and Review
- Bonding: Help and Review
- Phase Changes for Liquids and Solids: Help and Review
- Solutions in Chemistry: Help and Review
- Stoichiometry and Chemical Equations: Help and Review
- Acids, Bases, and Reactions: Help and Review
- Equilibrium in Chemistry: Help and Review
- Chemistry Kinetics: Help and Review
- Thermodynamics in Chemistry: Help and Review
- Organic Chemistry Basics: Help and Review
- Chemistry of DNA and RNA: Help and Review
- Chemistry of DNA Replication: Help and Review
- Overview of Chemistry & Matter
- Intro to Scientific Measurement
- Basics of Atoms, Elements & the Periodic Table
- Building Chemical Compounds
- Mass Relationships for Molecules & Compounds
- Chemical Reactions & Quantities
- Chemical Reactions in Solutions
- Properties of Aqueous Solutions
- Energy & Thermochemistry
- Electronic Structure of Atoms
- Intro to Chemical Bonding
- Nuclear Reactions in Chemistry
- Intermolecular Forces, Liquids & Solids
- Physical Properties of Solutions
- Chemical Reactions, Rate Laws & Constants
- Principles of Chemical Equilibrium
- Acids, Bases, Water & Salts
- Solubility Equilibria
- Spontaneity of Reactions
- Electrochemistry, Voltaic Cells & Thermodynamics
- ASVAB: Nuclear Chemistry