About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Gases in Chemistry chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday|| Kinetic molecular theory|
|How to explain particle movement and properties of gases through kinetic molecular theory|
Definition of pressure, units that measure pressure and how to convert readings between the units
How to convert temperatures between the Kelvin and Celsius scales
|Tuesday|| Finding density of a gas|
Dalton's law of partial pressures
The Boltzmann distribution
|Ways determine a gas's density|
Definition of Dalton's law and how to use it
Definition of the Boltzmann distribution and how a gas's temperature relates to its kinetic energy
|Wednesday|| Diffusion and effusion|
|How to use Graham's law to compare the effusion rates of gases|
Explanation of Avogadro's law and how to use it to determine a gas's volume
Definition of Boyle's law and ways to use it to study the effect of changes in volume and pressure
|Thursday|| Charles' law|
The ideal gas law
|Definition of Charles' law and its application to the relationship of gas volume and temperature|
Definition of Gay-Lussac's law and its application to the relationship of gas pressure and temperature
Definition of the ideal gas law and how the kinetic molecular theory plays a role
|Friday|| Using the ideal gas law|
Deviation from the Ideal Gas Law
the Van der Waals Equation
|How to use the ideal gas law to determine the volume, temperature, quantity or temperature of a gas|
How gases behave under non-ideal conditions
Definition of the Van der Waals equation and how to adapt it to variances in conditions
1. The Kinetic Molecular Theory: Properties of Gases
What makes a gas ideal? What types of characteristics do ideal gases have? In this lesson, we will discuss the many characteristics of gases and how knowing the microscopic properties of gas particles will help you understand the macroscopic properties of a gas.
2. Kinetic Molecular Theory Activities
The kinetic molecular theory is the basis for chemistry and explains how atoms and molecules behave. These activities will help students comprehend this important theory in a fun, interactive way.
3. Pressure: Definition, Units, and Conversions
Have you ever wondered what pressure is and how it gets measured? In this lesson, we are going to define pressure and explain some of the units that are used to express measurements of pressure.
4. Air Pressure Lesson Plan
This lesson plan provides secondary students with an in depth look at the interactions of air pressure, temperature, and density. Using a video, discussions, demonstrations, and a hands on activity, students explore how these three factors affect each other and the weather.
5. Temperature Units: Converting Between Kelvins and Celsius
Have you ever wondered what the lowest possible temperature is? In this lesson, you will learn what temperature measures. You will also be introduced to the Kelvin scale (an absolute scale) and learn how it relates to the Celsius scale.
6. How to Find the Density of a Gas
The density of gas is more complicated than solids because gases are highly affected by temperature and pressure. This lesson will lead you through two equations to calculate the density of a gas.
7. Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures: Calculating Partial & Total Pressures
In this lesson, you will learn how gases behave when they are mixed together and how to use Dalton's law of partial pressures to calculate partial and total pressures of gases. You will also learn how to use this information to explain how to find the partial pressure of a gas collected over water.
8. The Boltzmann Distribution: Temperature and Kinetic Energy of Gases
Gas particles are always moving around at random speeds and in random directions. This makes it difficult to determine what any one particle is doing at a given time. Luckily, the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution provides some help with this.
9. Diffusion and Effusion: Graham's Law
Have you ever been in a room where someone has put on perfume or scented lotion and a few minutes later you are able to smell it? What causes you to be able to smell something from so far away? In this lesson, we are going to use the kinetic molecular theory of gases to explain some of their behaviors and determine how we can compare the speeds of different gases.
10. Molar Volume: Using Avogadro's Law to Calculate the Quantity or Volume of a Gas
Have you ever wondered why a balloon expands when you blow it up? How something as light as air is able to exert a force large enough to inflate a balloon? In this lesson, you will learn about the relationship between the volume of a container filled with a gas and the number of gas particles that container holds. This relationship is known as Avogadro's Law.
11. Boyle's Law: Gas Pressure and Volume Relationship
Have you ever wondered how an air powered water gun works? It uses the fantastic properties of gases to make a summer day more enjoyable! In this lesson, we will be discussing Boyle's Law and the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas.
12. Volume Lesson Plan
What is volume? A text lesson defines and exemplifies volume while an in-class activity provides a visual. Additional resources including related lessons and activities are included for future instruction.
13. Charles' Law: Gas Volume and Temperature Relationship
In this lesson, we will discover why the wind blows and what causes a hot air balloon to rise, a couple of the applications of Charles' Law that explain the relationship between the volume and temperature of a gas.
14. Gay-Lussac's Law: Gas Pressure and Temperature Relationship
You may know that you aren't supposed to put an aerosol can in a fire because it could explode, but do you know why? In this lesson, we will explain Gay-Lussac's law, which shows the relationship between the temperature and pressure of a gas.
15. The Ideal Gas Law and the Gas Constant
Have you ever wondered why the pressure in your car's tires is higher after you have been driving a while? In this lesson, we are going to discuss the law that governs ideal gases and is used to predict the behavior of real gases: the ideal gas law.
16. Ideal Gas Law Lesson Plan
Use this lesson plan to help you introduce students to the ideal gas law. Students will watch two video lessons, discuss gas laws, solve problems using the ideal gas equation, and perform a short hands-on activity.
17. Ideal Gas Law Activities
The ideal gas law is an important part of chemistry, but students often get bogged down with the mathematical part and miss the big picture. This series of activities will help students comprehend what the law means from an observational standpoint.
18. Using the Ideal Gas Law: Calculate Pressure, Volume, Temperature, or Quantity of a Gas
In another lesson, you learned that the ideal gas law is expressed as PV = nRT. In this video lesson, we'll go one step further, examining how to rearrange the equation to solve for a missing variable when the others are known.
19. Real Gases: Deviation From the Ideal Gas Laws
The ideal gas law is used to describe the behavior of ideal gases, but sometimes the conditions are such that gases behave differently. When this is the case we can use the van der Waals equation to describe the behavior of real gases under these non-ideal conditions.
20. Real Gases: Using the Van der Waals Equation
To understand real gas behavior we use the van der Waals equation. This allows us to account for the volume and attractive forces of gas molecules. In this video lesson you'll see this put into action, and understand how it is different from the ideal gas law.
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