Ch 10: Gastrointestinal Anatomy and Digestion Lesson Plans

About This Chapter

The Gastrointestinal Anatomy and Digestion chapter of this course is designed to help you plan lessons and teach gastrointestinal anatomy and digestion in your classroom. The video lessons, quizzes and transcripts can easily be adapted to provide your lesson plans with engaging and dynamic educational content. Make planning your course easier by using our syllabus as a guide.

Weekly Syllabus

Below is a sample breakdown of the Gastrointestinal Anatomy and Digestion chapter into two school weeks. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.

Week 1 Topics Key Terms and Concepts Covered
Monday The digestive system The upper and lower gastrointestinal tracts
Tuesday Anatomy and physiology of the mouth The alimentary canal, salivary glands, salivary amylase, chemical digestion, mechanical digestion and mastication
Wednesday The throat and esophagus The anatomy of the throat and esophagus
Thursday The stomach and autonomic nervous system controls The anatomy and physiology of the stomach; the pyloric sphincter, rugae, mucosa, simple columnar epithelium, gastric pits and gastric glands
Friday Stomach and gastric juices The anatomy and physiology of stomach and gastric juices; mechanical digestion, churning and chemical digestion

Week 2 Topics Key Terms and Concepts Covered
Monday The small intestine Anatomy, functions and nutrient absorption of the small intestine and its role in digestion
Tuesday The pancreas The function of the pancreas and its role in digestion
Wednesday The gallbladder and liver Function of the gallbladder and liver and their role in digestion
Thursday Peristalsis, segmentation and pendular movement The regulation of movement through the small intestine
Friday The large intestine Anatomy, physiology and functions of the large intestine and rectum

13 Lessons in Chapter 10: Gastrointestinal Anatomy and Digestion Lesson Plans
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Anatomy and Physiology of the Large Intestine

1. Anatomy and Physiology of the Large Intestine

The large intestine is the made up of the cecum, colon, rectum and anal canal. In this lesson, you will learn about the anatomical features and basic functions of these large intestine segments.

Anatomy and Physiology of the Mouth

2. Anatomy and Physiology of the Mouth

The digestive system is a long tube that breaks food down both mechanically and chemically. In this lesson, you will learn about the mouth and how it begins the digestive process - with the help of the teeth and the enzyme called salivary amylase.

Anatomy and Physiology of the Stomach and Autonomic Nervous System Controls

3. Anatomy and Physiology of the Stomach and Autonomic Nervous System Controls

In this lesson, you will learn how the unique anatomy of the stomach - including rugae, gastric pits and gastric glands - makes it a perfect organ for digestion. You will also learn how the autonomic nervous system controls digestion.

Anatomy of the Throat and Esophagus

4. Anatomy of the Throat and Esophagus

After food has been partially broken down in the mouth, it moves through the pharynx, or throat, and the esophagus. In this lesson, you will learn how food is swallowed and how it is propelled by peristalsis through the esophagus.

Digestive System I: The Upper Gastrointestinal Tract

5. Digestive System I: The Upper Gastrointestinal Tract

Did you know that there are digestive enzymes in your saliva? It's true. As soon as you put a piece of food in your mouth, the digestive process begins. Join us with this first of two lessons about the human digestive system, where we'll follow food through the upper gastrointestinal tract from the mouth through the stomach.

Digestive System II: The Lower Gastrointestinal Tract

6. Digestive System II: The Lower Gastrointestinal Tract

The lower gastrointestinal tract is the part of the digestive system that is responsible for the last part of food digestion and the expulsion of waste from the body. In this lesson, we'll look at each part of the system and what functions each serves in the process of digestion.

Movement Through the Small Intestine: Peristalsis, Segmentation & Pendular Movement

7. Movement Through the Small Intestine: Peristalsis, Segmentation & Pendular Movement

The small intestine is an important organ for digestion and absorption of nutrients. In this lesson, you will learn about the enterogastric reflex. You will also learn how intestinal movements, such as peristalsis, segmentation, and pendular movement, improve digestion and absorption.

Physiology of the Stomach and Gastric Juices

8. Physiology of the Stomach and Gastric Juices

When food enters your stomach, it is mechanically broken down by a process called churning. In this lesson you will learn about this process and the chemical break down of proteins within the stomach by the enzyme pepsin.

Rectum, Functions of the Large Intestine & Water Absorption

9. Rectum, Functions of the Large Intestine & Water Absorption

The large intestine is the final processing area for digested food. In this lesson, you will learn how the large intestine removes water from undigested food and prepares for the elimination of feces through the anus.

Small Intestine: Nutrient Absorption and Role In Digestion

10. Small Intestine: Nutrient Absorption and Role In Digestion

The majority of digestion and absorption of nutrients takes place in the small intestine. In this lesson, you will learn about unique modifications within the walls of the small intestine, such as microvilli, villi, and circular folds. These structures increase absorption of nutrients.

The Gallbladder & Liver: Function & Role in Digestion

11. The Gallbladder & Liver: Function & Role in Digestion

Bile is produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. In this lesson, you will learn about bile and its role in the breakdown of dietary fats. You will also learn how the hormones secretin and cholecystokinin help regulate these organs.

What Is the Pancreas? - Function, Enzymes & Role in Digestion

12. What Is the Pancreas? - Function, Enzymes & Role in Digestion

Your pancreas plays an important role in the digestion of food. In this lesson, you will learn about the enzymes found in pancreatic juice that allow your body to break down carbohydrates, proteins and fats.

What is the Small Intestine? - Anatomy and Functions

13. What is the Small Intestine? - Anatomy and Functions

In this lesson, you will learn about the three divisions of the small intestine - the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. You will also gain an understanding of the basic functions of each of these sections, including their role in removing bacteria.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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