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Ch 14: Gastrointestinal System Conditions

About This Chapter

Use these short lessons to learn about conditions that affect the human gastrointestinal system. This chapter can help you study for exams, improve grades, earn continuing education credits or simply learn about gastrointestinal problems.

Gastrointestinal System Conditions - Chapter Summary

This chapter examines several types of diseases and complications of the gastrointestinal system, such as ulcerative colitis, liver disease, pancreatitis and colorectal cancer. You'll learn about the causes, symptoms and treatment options for common gastrointestinal conditions. Each lesson comes with a self-assessment quiz so you can check your understanding of the gastrointestinal terms and concepts you learn. You can also ask our expert instructors questions you might have and supplement your study with lesson transcripts. You can study these lessons anytime that's convenient for you on any mobile device, desktop, laptop or tablet. By the end of the chapter, you'll be familiar with several concepts related to gastrointestinal conditions, including:

  • What the symptoms of general and specific mobility disorders are
  • What causes malabsorption in the GI tract
  • Why peptic ulcer disease happens
  • Where inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease occur in the GI tract
  • How to recognize and treat appendicitis and diverticulitis
  • Why jaundice occurs
  • What causes liver and gallbladder disease
  • The differences between types of viral hepatitis
  • What cirrhosis is and how it can be caused
  • How acute and chronic pancreatitis affect the human body
  • Who is at risk for colorectal cancer
  • How abdominal pain is diagnosed

17 Lessons in Chapter 14: Gastrointestinal System Conditions
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
General Motility Disorders: Nausea and Vomiting

1. General Motility Disorders: Nausea and Vomiting

This lesson will explain what nausea, vomiting, and regurgitation are. We'll also explain how and why nausea and vomiting occur, how they can be treated, and a few other fun facts!

General Motility Disorders: Diarrhea and Constipation

2. General Motility Disorders: Diarrhea and Constipation

This lesson will discuss diarrhea and constipation. More interestingly, we'll actually discuss the many different forms of diarrhea, such as osmotic and secretory. We'll also learn what melena and hematochezia mean.

Specific Motility Disorders of the GI Tract

3. Specific Motility Disorders of the GI Tract

This lesson will describe specific motility disorders related to the stomach and esophagus. We'll discuss GERD, achalasia, a hiatal hernia, esophagitis, proton pump inhibitors, and many other interesting concepts.

Malabsorption in the GI Tract

4. Malabsorption in the GI Tract

We will cover the major causes and processes of malabsorption in the GI tract and how they may connect with one another in different ways. This will include taking a look at the organs of the GI tract and their respective diseases.

Peptic Ulcer Disease: Types, Causes, and Treatments

5. Peptic Ulcer Disease: Types, Causes, and Treatments

This lesson will discuss peptic ulcer disease and why and where it occurs. For instance, we'll go into gastrin, parietal cells, a famous bacterium, NSAIDs, gastritis, and much more!

Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Crohn's Disease

6. Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Crohn's Disease

This lesson will discuss one of the two major forms of inflammatory bowel disease, known as Crohn's disease. We'll discuss where it occurs, why it may occur, and how something known as cobalamin is important.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Ulcerative Colitis

7. Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Ulcerative Colitis

This lesson will discuss an inflammatory bowel disease known as ulcerative colitis. We will review the reasons for its occurrence and most importantly how it differs from another IBD known as Crohn's disease.

Appendicitis: Signs and Treatment

8. Appendicitis: Signs and Treatment

This lesson will discuss a famous condition called appendicitis. It will describe for you the potential causes of this condition, whom it's most likely to affect, and which clinical signs and symptoms to look out for.

Diverticulitis: Cause, Signs & Treatments

9. Diverticulitis: Cause, Signs & Treatments

This lesson will discuss how age, fiber, and muscle weakness plays a role in a condition called diverticulitis. We'll also cover what diagnostic tests can be run and which treatment options may be employed.

Icterus:  The Major Causes of Jaundice

10. Icterus: The Major Causes of Jaundice

This lesson will discuss the major causes of icterus, also known as jaundice. We'll define conjugated and unconjugated bilirubin, when each one may increase, how urine and stool samples may be important, and a whole lot more!

The Major Causes of Liver Disease

11. The Major Causes of Liver Disease

This lesson will quickly go over what the liver is for and how it may be damaged. Then we'll focus in on how liver damage can be looked for through a physical exam or by way of blood tests.

Viral Hepatitis: Causes, Signs and Treatments

12. Viral Hepatitis: Causes, Signs and Treatments

This lesson will discuss the different types of viruses that cause viral hepatitis as well as their different characteristics. We will also talk about what kind of harm these viruses bring and how a person can be treated.

Cirrhosis: Definition, Causes & Treatments

13. Cirrhosis: Definition, Causes & Treatments

This lesson will discuss cirrhosis, why it may occur, what it looks like, and how it may be treated. Additionally, you'll learn about fibrosis, hypertension, and what signs to look for on diagnostic tests.

Gallbladder Disease: Major Causes, Consequences, and Treatments

14. Gallbladder Disease: Major Causes, Consequences, and Treatments

This lesson will explore common diseases and conditions associated with the gallbladder, including cholecystitis, cholangitis, and cholelithiasis. This lesson will also cover the major types of gallstones and why they may form.

Acute & Chronic Pancreatitis: Causes, Signs & Treatments

15. Acute & Chronic Pancreatitis: Causes, Signs & Treatments

This lesson will discuss pancreatitis. We'll go over what a normal pancreas is supposed to do and what goes on during pancreatitis. We'll briefly touch upon its diagnosis and treatment as well.

Colorectal Cancer:  Risk Factors and Treatment

16. Colorectal Cancer: Risk Factors and Treatment

This lesson will discuss colorectal cancer, adenocarcinoma, and adenomas. We will talk about the early warning signs that someone may develop colorectal cancer as well as diagnostic and treatment strategies.

Diagnosis of Abdominal Pain: The Four Quadrants

17. Diagnosis of Abdominal Pain: The Four Quadrants

This lesson will discuss the major points of the four-quadrant approach to diagnosing abdominal pain. While every possible permutation of pain in the abdomen won't be covered, you will come out with a good understanding as to what a problem may be.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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