About This Chapter
Standard: Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital sources, using advanced searches effectively; assess the strengths and limitations of each source in terms of the task, purpose, and audience; integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the flow of ideas, avoiding plagiarism and over-reliance on any one source and following a standard format for citation.
About This Chapter
When students have established skill in this standard, they are able to locate, discern, and cite reliable and appropriate sources for research papers. In addition, they know how to vary the reference materials they use and balance source information with their own ideas in a paper or presentation.
Videos in this standard cover the following topics:
- Assessing the strength and reliability of sources
- Tips for avoiding plagiarism
- Citing sources according to various formats (APA, MLA, etc.)
- Formatting in-text citations
- Creating a bibliography
- Strategies for performing sophisticated searches
Students show mastery in this standard by finding and using accurate, credible source materials for research projects and presentations. They perform in-depth searches and cite their sources correctly and completely. Interweaving significant facts and statistics from their source materials with original perspectives, they are aware of how to avoid both plagiarism and excessive dependence on any particular source.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Below are some suggestions for ways to incorporate these tutorials into instruction in the CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.8 standard:
Lessons in Reading Citations
View the lesson on how to read citations in texts and bibliographies in class. Then, give students a scholarly article and ask them to find the original paragraph from which a particular (sourced) in-text quote or statistic came. This will require them to both discern the corresponding source in the bibliography and find the original source according to the bibliographical citation.
Source Assessment Lessons
Watch the video on assessing a source's credibility as a group. Afterward, present the class with several examples of both acceptable and unreliable sources, asking the students to identify which ones would not be appropriate to use and why.
Advanced Search Lessons
After students have chosen a topic for an assigned research paper, show the video lesson on how to use reference materials during class. Assign students the task of finding six digital or print sources for their topic with an eye toward ensuring that each source comes from a credible author or institution, as well as that it contains information relevant to their paper's subject and purpose.
1. What Is a Bibliography and When Should I Write One?
In this video we are going to cover what a bibliography is, why they are used, various types of bibliographies, how to create a bibliography, and when to know if you should use a bibliography.
2. How to Avoid Plagiarism: When to Cite Sources
Plagiarism is a very serious matter in both academia and professional writing. Plagiarism in an academic setting can lead to you failing a course or being removed from school completely. Plagiarism in professional writing can lead to being fired from a job or finding yourself in court being sued. Let's figure out how to avoid this issue!
3. How to Read Citations in Texts and Bibliographies
This video will enable you to crack the code behind reading in-text citations and bibliographies. We'll see what citations look like and the important information they contain.
4. Journal Article Citations
One of the most common citations used in academic writing is that of journal articles. In this video, we will learn all about putting journal article citations into our text and works cited pages. The citations in this video are in APA style; before you sit down to make a works cited page, make sure to check what style your discipline requires.
5. Citations from Authored Books, Edited Books and Revised Books
Depending on the type of book we're using, there are a few rules we have to follow when citing it in our reference page. In this video, we're going to cover authored books, edited books, and revised books. However, there are many different types of citation styles, including MLA, APA, and Chicago, and some differ in their exact formatting rules. These citations are in APA style - make sure you check to find out what style you should be using before you complete your reference page.
6. Citations from Magazines
This video covers citing magazines both in text and in the reference page. The lesson addresses citation formats in both APA and MLA. It's important to note the differences, since both expect specific citation styles.
7. How to Cite Online Sources
A large majority of research today is done online, so you'll need to cite web pages for your papers. In this video we will learn the proper way of citing online sources in both APA and MLA styles.
8. How to Make In-Text Citations
With this lesson, you'll get to know the basics of creating in-text citations. We'll go over both MLA and APA style parenthetical citations and how to use them to cite different types of sources.
9. What is MLA Format?
MLA format is one of the most common structures for organizing a paper in academic writing. In this video, we will cover the basics of MLA format, focusing on citing within the text and creating a Works Cited page.
10. How to Format APA Citations
All college students must not only know how to read and understand writing, they need to know how to write using the APA citation style as well. This video will pull back the covers of APA style writing and give you confidence when using APA.
11. What Is the Chicago Citation Style?
In this video, we cover the basics of the Chicago Manual of Style. This writing format is popular among those in the editing field and may be the preferred style of many professors in technical writing, law, and even some English courses.
12. How to Make a Works Cited Page
You will have to cite your sources properly whenever you borrow words or ideas for a paper. One part of proper citation is the Works Cited page. This lesson shows you how to put one together.
13. Evaluating Sources for Reliability, Credibility, and Worth
It's important to have information that is reliable, credible, and worthwhile in your speech. Sometimes, it's hard to determine these factors. This lesson will help you!
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Writing Grades 11-12: Standards course
- Write Arguments: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.1
- Write Informative Texts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.2
- Write Narratives: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.3
- Write Clear Essays: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.4
- Planning & Revising Writing: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.5
- Use Technology for Writing: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.6
- Conduct Research Projects: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.7
- Write Routinely: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.10