About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering GED science material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn GED science. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding DNA or organic molecules
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about biomolecules
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the biomolecules chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the biomolecules chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any biomolecules question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a biomolecules unit of a standard GED science course. Topics covered include:
- Functional groups in organic molecules
- Monomers and polymers in organic molecules
- Structure and function of lipids, carbohydrates and proteins
- Structure of DNA
- Differences between DNA and RNA
1. Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups
If you've ever wondered what gives vinegar that sour flavor, you may not realize that you have contemplated functional groups. View this lesson for an introduction to organic chemistry, functional groups and how they are part of your daily life.
2. Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers
From everyday man-made items like milk jugs and styrofoam to natural proteins and plant materials, the world is full of polymers! Check out this lesson to learn how polymers are constructed on a molecular level.
3. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.
4. Structure and Function of Lipids
Molecules called lipids have long hydrocarbon chains that determine the way they act. They can be fats, oils, or hormones, and even exist in our cell membranes. Learn more about the chemical structure and biological function of various lipids in this lesson.
5. Proteins I: Structure and Function
We need our proteins, not just as a major food group but for the many useful roles that they play in our bodies. In our introductory lesson to proteins, you'll learn about the many functions we rely on them to perform.
6. Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds
In this lesson, we'll take a deeper look at amino acids. You'll learn what makes a peptide, and what separates a protein from other kinds of amino acid bonds.
7. DNA: Chemical Structure of Nucleic Acids & Phosphodiester Bonds
In this lesson, you'll discover what nucleotides look like and how they come together to form polynucleotides. We'll also explore nucleic acids and focus on DNA in particular.
8. DNA: Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine & Complementary Base Pairing
Learn the language of nucleotides as we look at the nitrogenous bases adenine, guanine, cytosine and thymine. Armed with this knowledge, you'll also see why DNA strands must run in opposite directions.
9. DNA: Discovery, Facts, Structure & Function in Heredity
This lesson will help you to navigate the twists and turns of DNA's structure. We'll also clue you in on the amazing discoveries that put this nucleic acid in the limelight as the molecule of heredity.
10. Differences Between RNA and DNA & Types of RNA (mRNA, tRNA & rRNA)
In this lesson, you'll explore RNA structure and learn the central dogma of molecular biology. Along the way, you'll meet the three types of RNA and see how the cell uses them most effectively.
11. Endotoxins: Definition & Examples
Let's investigate the potentially deadly endotoxins. Endotoxins are a substance unique to gram-negative bacteria. Uncover how our immune system copes with endotoxins and their associated health effects in this lesson.
12. Enzyme Rate of Reaction: Factors & Catalysts
What is an enzyme? Why are they important? How can they change? This lesson answers those questions. It teaches us how enzymes work and how they can be changed. It also includes illustrations, examples, and a brief quiz.
13. Pyruvate Oxidation: Products & Overview
During one phase of aerobic respiration, pyruvate is oxidized in order to release energy. This lesson will discuss the various processes required to break down pyruvate and the resulting products that are formed.
14. What Are Digestive Enzymes? - Functions & Types
We are what we eat. But that doesn't mean our blood vessels are filled with giant chunks of hamburger. Thankfully, digestive enzymes help break down food into sizes small enough to be absorbed into our bloodstream. In this lesson, learn about these vitally important proteins.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the GED Science: Help and Review course
- Scientific Study Skills and Foundations: Help and Review
- The Periodic Table, Atoms and Elements: Help and Review
- GED Science - Compounds and Chemical Bonds: Help and Review
- GED Science - Chemical Reactions, Acids, and Bases: Help and Review
- GED Science - Nuclear Energy: Help and Review
- GED Science - Energy and Heat: Help and Review
- GED Science - Mechanics: Help and Review
- GED Science - Sound and Light Waves: Help and Review
- GED Science - Electricity: Help and Review
- GED Science - Magnetism: Help and Review
- GED Science - Cell Biology: Help and Review
- GED Science - The Cell Cycle and Cell Division: Help and Review
- Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration: Help & Review
- GED Science - Classification of Organisms: Help and Review
- GED Science - Genetics and Evolution: Help and Review
- GED Science - Animal Reproduction and Development: Help and Review
- GED Science - The Reproductive System: Help and Review
- GED Science Organ Systems: Help and Review
- GED - Endocrine, Immune & Nervous Systems: Help & Review
- GED Science - Health Issues and Concerns: Help and Review
- GED Science - Nutrition & Physical Activity: Help and Review
- GED Science - Ecology: Help and Review
- GED Science - Animal Behavior: Help and Review
- GED Science - Genetic Engineering Basics: Help and Review
- GED Science - Earth Science and Geology: Help and Review
- GED Science - Earth's Spheres and Internal Structure: Help and Review
- GED Science - Minerals and Rocks: Help and Review
- GED Science - Plate Tectonics & Continental Drift: Help and Review
- GED Science - Oceanography: Help and Review
- GED Science - Astronomy: Help and Review
- GED Science - Meteorology: Help and Review
- GED Science - Weather and Storms: Help and Review
- GED Science - The Atmosphere: Help and Review
- GED Science - Cellular Respiration & Photosynthesis: Help and Review