About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering GED science material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn GED science. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells or cell biology
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about cell biology
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the cell biology chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the cell biology chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any cell biology question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a cell biology unit of a standard GED science course. Topics covered include:
- Active and passive transport in cells
- Structure of the nucleus
- Mitochondria structure
- Location and function of the ribosome
- Eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells
- Plant cell structure
1. How a Phospholipid Bilayer Is Both Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic
In this lesson, we will learn what gives phospholipids a dual personality. How can this molecule be both hydrophobic and hydrophilic, and why is this important to a cell?
2. The Fluid Mosaic Model of the Cell Membrane
In this lesson, we will discuss the components of the cell membrane and why the fluid mosaic model paints the best picture of its structure. We'll learn about the roles of the phospholipid bilayer, cholesterol, proteins and carbohydrates.
3. Passive Transport in Cells: Simple and Facilitated Diffusion & Osmosis
A cell membrane is selectively permeable - not permeable to everything. In this lesson, we'll talk about methods of passive transport along a concentration gradient, including simple and facilitated diffusion and osmosis.
4. Active Transport in Cells: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we'll learn how substances are transported across the cell membrane against the concentration gradient. This might seem like an uphill battle for the cell, but all it takes is a little chemical energy and a few integral membrane proteins to kick off some active transport!
5. Endocytosis and Exocytosis Across the Cell Membrane
In this lesson, we'll discover how some cells can eat, drink, and digest their dinner through the process of endocytosis and a structure called the lysosome. In addition, we'll learn how a cell can throw out the leftovers across the cell membrane during exocytosis.
6. Structure of the Nucleus: Nucleolus, Nuclear Membrane, and Nuclear Pores
In this lesson, we'll discuss the organization and importance of the nucleus in your cells. This is the membrane-bound structure responsible for containing all the genetic material essential to making you who you are.
7. The Ribosome: Structure, Function and Location
The ribosome is the cellular structure responsible for decoding your DNA. In this lesson, we'll learn about ribosome structure, function and location - characteristics that make it a very good genetic translator.
8. The Endomembrane System: Functions & Components
In this lesson, we'll learn about the endomembrane system, which consists of the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi apparatus. This system is important in making, packaging, and shipping all sorts of goodies for the cell to use!
9. The Cytoskeleton: Microtubules and Microfilaments
In this lesson, we'll learn about the cytoskeleton of your cells. This network of microtubules, intermediate filaments, and microfilaments helps different types of cells maintain a unique set of characteristics, including shape and movement.
10. Mitochondria Structure: Cristae, Matrix and Inner & Outer Membrane
If you want to make it through the day, you're going to need some energy. In this lesson, we'll learn about the organelle that supplies this energy, the mitochondrion, and why this cell structure appreciates the time you took to eat breakfast this morning!
11. Chloroplast Structure: Chlorophyll, Stroma, Thylakoid, and Grana
In this lesson, we'll explore the parts of the chloroplast, such as the thylakoids and stroma, that make a chloroplast the perfect place for conducting photosynthesis in plant cells.
12. Plant Cell Structures: The Cell Wall and Central Vacuole
In this lesson, we'll talk about some of the things that make plant cells so different from our cells. In addition to being mean, green photosynthesizing machines, plant cells have cell walls and central vacuoles to make them unique!
13. Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Similarities and Differences
In this lesson, we discuss the similarities and differences between the eukaryotic cells of your body and prokaryotic cells such as bacteria. Eukaryotes organize different functions within specialized membrane-bound compartments called organelles. These structures do not exist in prokaryotes.
14. Viruses: Bacteriophage Lytic and Lysogenic Cycles
Viruses are generally not only our enemy but also the enemy of many other organisms. Bacteriophages are viruses that infect specific bacteria. In this lesson, we'll discuss their basic structure and infection cycle.
15. Nuclear Envelope: Definition, Function & Structure
The nuclei of eukaryotic cells are separated from the cytosol by the nuclear envelope. In this lesson, we explore the structure of the nuclear envelope and the functions it performs in cells.
16. Double Fertilization in Angiosperms: Definition & Process
You may already know that fertilization is when an egg and sperm cell fuse to create a new individual, but do you know what double fertilization is? It is a process that is unique to angiosperms, and you can learn about it in this lesson.
17. Extracellular: Definition & Structures
Extracellular isn't just a way to refer to the outside of the cell: there's a whole lot going on out there that has to do with the growth, work, and ultimately the survival of the cell -- the tiniest part of life.
18. Methionine: Structure, Production & Benefits
Have you ever heard of the amino acid methionine? In this lesson you will learn about the structure, production and benefits of methionine. After learning about methionine, you can check your understanding by taking a quiz.
19. Microfilaments: Definition, Function & Structure
Microfilaments are present in all cells that we encounter. They allow for movement, structure, and transportation across a cell. These filaments are important in each type of cell - we will go into greater detail in this lesson.
20. Stroma Cells: Definition & Function
There are many different types of tissue found in animals. One such tissue, stroma, are very basic yet essential to our survival. These stroma cells help our internal organs and allow us to live and function. We will talk about these here.
21. Do Animal Cells Have a Cell Membrane
What are cell membranes and what do they do? Better yet, do animal cells even have them? This lesson answers those questions through an investigation into cell membranes. A lesson summary and brief quiz are included.
22. Adherent & Suspension Cell Cultures
One cell likes to anchor itself to the surface, while another enjoys free-floating in solution. Use this lesson to learn about two basic cell types encountered in cell culture: adherent and suspension cell cultures.
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Other chapters within the GED Science: Help and Review course
- Scientific Study Skills and Foundations: Help and Review
- The Periodic Table, Atoms and Elements: Help and Review
- GED Science - Compounds and Chemical Bonds: Help and Review
- GED Science - Chemical Reactions, Acids, and Bases: Help and Review
- GED Science - Nuclear Energy: Help and Review
- GED Science - Energy and Heat: Help and Review
- GED Science - Mechanics: Help and Review
- GED Science - Sound and Light Waves: Help and Review
- GED Science - Electricity: Help and Review
- GED Science - Magnetism: Help and Review
- GED Science - Biomolecules: Help and Review
- GED Science - The Cell Cycle and Cell Division: Help and Review
- Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration: Help & Review
- GED Science - Classification of Organisms: Help and Review
- GED Science - Genetics and Evolution: Help and Review
- GED Science - Animal Reproduction and Development: Help and Review
- GED Science - The Reproductive System: Help and Review
- GED Science Organ Systems: Help and Review
- GED - Endocrine, Immune & Nervous Systems: Help & Review
- GED Science - Health Issues and Concerns: Help and Review
- GED Science - Nutrition & Physical Activity: Help and Review
- GED Science - Ecology: Help and Review
- GED Science - Animal Behavior: Help and Review
- GED Science - Genetic Engineering Basics: Help and Review
- GED Science - Earth Science and Geology: Help and Review
- GED Science - Earth's Spheres and Internal Structure: Help and Review
- GED Science - Minerals and Rocks: Help and Review
- GED Science - Plate Tectonics & Continental Drift: Help and Review
- GED Science - Oceanography: Help and Review
- GED Science - Astronomy: Help and Review
- GED Science - Meteorology: Help and Review
- GED Science - Weather and Storms: Help and Review
- GED Science - The Atmosphere: Help and Review
- GED Science - Cellular Respiration & Photosynthesis: Help and Review