About This Chapter
GED: Scientific Foundations and Study Skills - Chapter Summary
Before you can study advanced science topics, you'll need to be familiar with some of the basic concepts used to conduct research in the field. This chapter is designed to teach you some of them in preparation for the science portion of the GED. Topics of discussion include:
- Scientific concepts and vocabulary terms
- Independent and dependent variables
- Steps in the scientific method
- Scientific sampling techniques
- Experiment design in science
- Metric units and conversion factors
- Significant figures and scientific notation
- Scientific graphs, charts and tables
Our science lessons include graphics, animations, sample problems and mnemonic devices that can help make it easy to recall key terms, problem-solving steps and important concepts on test day. Lessons can be accessed in the form of short videos and their matching transcripts. There are also multiple-choice quizzes you can use to affirm your understanding of the lesson content.
GED: Scientific Foundations and Study Skills - Chapter Objectives
The science portion of the GED assesses your reasoning abilities and general knowledge of Earth and space science, physical science and life science. Lessons in this chapter are designed to give you the tools you'll need to make qualitative assessments about an experiment design and its outcomes or draw conclusions from scientific data represented in the form of charts, graphs and tables.
You might use what you learn here, for example, to answer questions that ask you to identify independent and dependent experiment variables or recognize the significance of objective, measurable results in the process of scientific experimentation. Instruction in this chapter can also show you how to convert among common metric units of measurement, use scientific notation and interpret terminology found in scientific presentations.
Question formats for the GED science test include matching, multiple-choice, short answer and fill-in-the-blank questions. A minimum score of 150 is required to pass this test section. Your results on this and other parts of the exam will be used to determine your eligibility for a high school equivalency diploma.
1. Science Vocabulary & Concepts: Study Skills & Word Parts
Learning science presents a unique set of challenges for students. In this lesson, learn the tricks of the trade as we discuss scientific vocabulary and other science study skills.
2. What is the Scientific Method? - Steps and Process
Scientific method is an organized, systematic way researchers, including psychologists, perform research. Psychologists use it to observe, describe and explain human behavior. The scientific method includes a step-by-step formula for researchers to follow.
3. How to Read Scientific Graphs & Charts
How do scientists summarize their findings with visual aids? In this lesson, explore the different types of tables, charts and graphs that scientists use. Learn to read these effectively as a preview to your science studies.
4. Interpreting Tables of Scientific Data: Practice Problems
Complex table problems getting you down? Multi-question, situational problems don't have to be a drag on your testing performance. Learn how to apply three simple rules as we walk through two table problems together.
5. Calculating the Mean, Median, Mode & Range: Practice Problems
Calculating the mean, median, mode, and range of a data set is a fundamental part of learning statistics. Use this video to practice your skills and then test your knowledge with a short quiz.
6. GED Science: Reading Passages
For the GED Science test, test takers will need to know how to effectively read and analyze reading passages in order to answer questions. Read this lesson to get a better sense of strategies for GED reading passages.
7. GED Science: Reading Diagrams
The GED Science test uses a variety of visual prompts to present information to the test taker. Read this lesson to learn about diagrams, how to read them, and strategies for understanding this information.
8. GED Science: Short-Answer Response Questions
In addition to a number of multiple choice questions, the GED Science test will also require you to write two short-answer responses. Read this lesson to learn about the details and structure of these questions, as well as some strategies to effectively answer them.
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