About This Chapter
Gene Technology - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, you are introduced to concepts of genetic engineering, including cloning and DNA fingerprinting. The lessons also include types of organisms used in these processes as well as philosophical issues that arise with these processes. By the end of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Define genetic engineering, cloning, and DNA fingerprinting
- Explain transgenic organisms and their uses
- Identify the origins, properties, and uses of embryonic and adult stem cells
- Discuss ethical and safety concerns involved with genetic engineering
The short lessons in this chapter are written by professional instructors to help you build your knowledge of genetic technology. Each lesson focuses on one concept to help make the learning process easy and engaging. At the end of the chapter, you may take the self-assessment quiz to gauge your understanding of the information in the lessons.
1. What is Genetic Engineering? - Definition and Examples
How do we make the insulin used by diabetic patients? In this lesson, you'll learn the basics of how genetic engineering can be used to transform a bacterial host cell into a genetically-modified organism that produces human insulin.
2. DNA Cloning: Definition and Process
DNA cloning is used for a variety of purposes, but how does it work? In this video lesson, you will learn about the process of cloning DNA, as well as see examples of how cloning is used in science, medicine, and consumer products.
3. Transgenic Organisms: Definition & Uses
Transgenic or genetically modified organisms are all around us. In this lesson, we'll discuss what they are, the different ways they are produced, and the variety of purposes they serve.
4. Embryonic and Adult Stem Cells: Uses, Origins & Properties
How can we grow a brand new windpipe? Or a heart? In this lesson, we'll learn about embryonic and adult stem cells and how scientists are using them to give people a new lease on life.
5. What is DNA Fingerprinting? - Process & Uses
DNA fingerprinting is a very useful technique that has applications beyond criminal and forensic analysis. In this lesson, you'll learn what DNA fingerprinting is, how it is done, and different ways it can be used to determine identity.
6. Ethical and Safety Concerns for DNA Technology
DNA technology is very powerful and has had positive influences on many fields and industries. However, DNA technology is not perfect. In this lesson, you will explore some of the safety and ethical concerns that people have regarding this field of study.
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Other chapters within the TCAP HS EOC - Biology I: Test Prep & Practice course
- Scientific Inquiry, Technology & Engineering
- Cell Organelles
- Cell Structure & Processes
- Organic Biochemistry
- Structure & Replication of DNA
- Genetics & Heredity
- Ecology, Organism Populations & the Environment
- Humans and the Environment
- Flow of Matter & Energy
- Intro to Biodiversity & Change
- TCAP HS EOC - Biology I Flashcards