About This Chapter
Geography Concepts & Tools - Chapter Summary
Our subject matter experts have created these lessons to boost your understanding of geography concepts and tools. See how to use maps, GPS and GIS as tools of geography. Learn analysis of spatial organization of places, people and environments on the surfaces of Earth. Get familiar with spatial distribution as compared to density. Look at the definitions of a cognitive map, devolution and the population pyramid.
Topics covered in this chapter include:
- Maps and images that identify geographical features
- Topographic maps
- Thematic maps
- Projection and scale of maps
- Geographic relative distance
- Relative versus absolute location
- Environmental stressors
- Analysis of geographic statistics
Our experts provide these short lessons to increase your knowledge, and each lesson comes with a quiz you can use for self-assessment. If you need to review any lesson material on one of the video lessons, you can use the transcript that is provided or a timeline tool that allows you to replay any specific section.
1. Using & Understanding Topographic Maps
Topographic maps are useful because they help us understand and locate topographic features on Earth's surface. But in order to properly read a topographic map, you need to be able to interpret its lines, symbols, and shapes correctly.
2. Thematic Maps: Definition & Types
Maps come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. In this lesson, we will review several examples of thematic maps and see how each can be used to analyze or disseminate data.
3. Map Projection & Scale
After watching this video, you will be able to explain what a map projection is, what a map scale is, and why they need to be carefully chosen when creating a map. A short quiz will follow.
4. Relative Distance in Geography: Definition & Overview
In this lesson, you'll learn the definition of relative distance in geography and review a couple of examples to further your understanding. Following the lesson, you can take a brief quiz to test your knowledge.
5. Cognitive Map: Definition and Examples
Cognitive maps are mental images of the attributes of our environment. Learn more about cognitive maps from examples. Then test your knowledge with a quiz.
6. Relative vs. Absolute Location in Geography
Location is important in geography. But what's the difference between absolute and relative location? In this lesson, you will learn the distinction between these two types of location. A short quiz following the lesson will allow you to test your knowledge.
7. The Difference Between Spatial Distribution & Density
Spatial distribution and density are both methods used to describe populations. And while they are related, they are not the same. In this lesson you will learn about both, as well as how they are different from each other.
8. Analyzing Spatial Organization of People, Places & Environments on Earth's Surfaces
After watching this video, you will be able to explain why studying spatial organization is important and describe aspects of the spatial organization of people, places, and the environments on the Earth. A short quiz will follow.
9. Geography Tools: Maps, GPS & GIS
How can we study the earth and the features in it? Watch this lesson to find out more about common tools used in geography, including maps, global positioning systems, and geographic information systems, and their differences.
10. Devolution: Definition, Theory & Examples
In this lesson, you'll learn what devolution is, why countries have devolved systems, and look at two examples. Finally, the lesson will briefly discuss two ideas about why devolution is on the rise.
11. Environmental Stressors: Examples, Definition & Types
In this lesson, we will learn what an environmental stressor is and explore the different kinds of environmental stressors, as well as how they influence your mood. At the end of the lesson, you can test your knowledge with a quiz.
12. The Population Pyramid
In this lesson, we look at what a population pyramid is, how to read it, some interesting features about them, and what are some prototypical examples of them.
13. How to Read & Analyze Geography Statistics
Numbers aren't just for mathematicians - learn how you can interpret statistics about the people who live in a place (human characteristics) or the physical features of that place (physical characteristics).
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