About This Chapter
Geography - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Watch the video lessons in this chapter to familiarize yourself with some of the tools used to study a location's physical traits, such as topography and climate. Instructors also examine the relationship between these characteristics and a region's population demographics and show you how to read a map's coordinate system and contour lines. At the end of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Identify elements found on various types of maps
- Find points of longitude and latitude on a map
- List the four main U.S. time zones
- Discuss factors determining regional climate
- Explain which demographics affect population distribution
|What Is Geography? - Definition, Facts & Types||Find out what the study of geography entails.|
|Map Projection: Mercator, Gnomic, & Conic||Discover the processes involved in mapping Earth's spherical shape. Discuss the various types of map projections.|
|Types of Maps: Population, Topographical, Weather, Political, & World Maps||Differentiate between population, topographical, weather, political and world maps.|
|Latitude & Longitude: Equator, Prime Meridian & Hemispheres||Explore significant lines of longitude and latitude, including the prime meridian and the equator separating the Northern and Southern hemispheres.|
|Time Zones: Pacific, Mountain, Central, & Eastern||Examine regions situated in the Pacific, Mountain, Central and Eastern time zones.|
|What Is Topography and How Is Topography Reshaped?||Describe elements found on topographical maps, including plains, hills, plateaus, mountains, contour lines and sea level.|
|Factors Involved in Climate Change||Identify factors that affect a region's climate.|
|Population Distribution and Demographics||Study how certain population demographics affect where people live in the world.|
|Factors Affecting Population Distribution: Jobs, Quality of Life & Ethnicity||Explain how such factors as job location, ethnicity and a region's quality of life affect population distribution.|
1. What is Geography? - Definition, Facts & Types
This lesson will define and explore the study of geography. In doing this, it will also explain the two main branches of geography, which are physical and cultural geography.
2. Map Projections: Mercator, Gnomonic & Conic
This lesson will explain and illustrate the Mercator, gnomonic, and conic map projections. In doing this, it will highlight the strengths and flaws of each while also defining the term 'cartographer'.
3. Types of Maps: Population, Topographic, Weather, Political & World Maps
This lesson will explain the different types of maps used to interpret and study our world. In doing this, it will focus on maps that deal in elevation, population, weather patterns and more.
4. Geographic Coordinates: Latitude, Longitude & Elevation
This lesson will seek to explain the geographic coordinate system. In doing so, it will explain latitude and longitude. It will also highlight the equator, the prime meridian, and the concept of elevation.
5. US Time Zones: Pacific, Mountain, Central & Eastern
This lesson will explain and show the four major time zones of the United States. It will also highlight the work of Fleming, the Standard Time Act of 1918, and daylight saving time.
6. What Is Topography and How Is Topography Reshaped?
The topography, or surface of the Earth, is constantly changing shape due to many powerful forces. In this lesson, we will learn about some of the amazing changes that occur on Earth due to the processes of weathering, erosion, and deposition.
7. Population Distribution: Rural vs. Urban Areas
The distribution of people varies depending in the type of location. In this lesson, we will explore how people are distributed between rural and urban areas and how these populations have changed over time.
8. Population Distribution Factors: Job Availability, Quality of Life & Ethnicity
This lesson will discuss population distribution and the factors that affect it. It will specifically highlight quality of life, job availability, and ethnicity, while also defining the terms 'sparse' and 'dense.'
9. Geography and Climate: Effects on Civilizations
In this lesson, we will look at the relationship between geography, climate, and civilization. We will learn why civilizations develop in particular regions and how this leads to lifestyle and cultural differences.
10. Factors Involved in Climate Change
Our Earth's climate has changed many times in her 4.5 billion year lifetime. Discover the multiple factors that influence these changes and test your understanding with a short quiz.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the World History: Credit Recovery course
- Foundational Concepts of World History
- Major Belief Systems of the World
- Early Civilizations of World History
- Ancient Civilizations in the Near East
- Early Chinese Civilization
- Early Indian Civilization
- History of Ancient Greece
- Hellenism and the Athenian Achievement
- The Rise of the Roman Republic
- History of the Fall of Rome
- The Rise of Christianity
- The Eastern Mediterranean
- Introduction to the Dark Ages
- African History
- The Early Middle Ages
- The Medieval Warm Period
- The High Middle Ages
- History of Asia (1000-1300 CE)
- Pre-European Civilizations in North America
- Eurasia and the Great Dynastic Empires
- The Late Middle Ages
- The Renaissance
- The Age of Exploration
- The Reformation Across Europe
- The Elizabethan Era
- The Enlightenment & World Revolutions
- World War I
- Between the World Wars
- World War II
- The Cold War
- Latin America Since 1900
- The 21st Century
- Post War Europe, Asia, Middle East, and Africa