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Ch 2: Geography

About This Chapter

Watch online geography video lessons and learn about time zones, latitude, longitude, topography and more. Take the quizzes that follow each lesson to track your progress.

Geography - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Watch the video lessons in this chapter to familiarize yourself with some of the tools used to study a location's physical traits, such as topography and climate. Instructors also examine the relationship between these characteristics and a region's population demographics and show you how to read a map's coordinate system and contour lines. At the end of this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Identify elements found on various types of maps
  • Find points of longitude and latitude on a map
  • List the four main U.S. time zones
  • Discuss factors determining regional climate
  • Explain which demographics affect population distribution

Video Objectives
What Is Geography? - Definition, Facts & Types Find out what the study of geography entails.
Map Projection: Mercator, Gnomic, & Conic Discover the processes involved in mapping Earth's spherical shape. Discuss the various types of map projections.
Types of Maps: Population, Topographical, Weather, Political, & World Maps Differentiate between population, topographical, weather, political and world maps.
Latitude & Longitude: Equator, Prime Meridian & Hemispheres Explore significant lines of longitude and latitude, including the prime meridian and the equator separating the Northern and Southern hemispheres.
Time Zones: Pacific, Mountain, Central, & Eastern Examine regions situated in the Pacific, Mountain, Central and Eastern time zones.
What Is Topography and How Is Topography Reshaped? Describe elements found on topographical maps, including plains, hills, plateaus, mountains, contour lines and sea level.
Factors Involved in Climate Change Identify factors that affect a region's climate.
Population Distribution and Demographics Study how certain population demographics affect where people live in the world.
Factors Affecting Population Distribution: Jobs, Quality of Life & Ethnicity Explain how such factors as job location, ethnicity and a region's quality of life affect population distribution.

10 Lessons in Chapter 2: Geography
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is Geography? - Definition, Facts & Types

1. What is Geography? - Definition, Facts & Types

This lesson will define and explore the study of geography. In doing this, it will also explain the two main branches of geography, which are physical and cultural geography.

Map Projections: Mercator, Gnomonic & Conic

2. Map Projections: Mercator, Gnomonic & Conic

This lesson will explain and illustrate the Mercator, gnomonic, and conic map projections. In doing this, it will highlight the strengths and flaws of each while also defining the term 'cartographer'.

Types of Maps: Population, Topographic, Weather, Political & World Maps

3. Types of Maps: Population, Topographic, Weather, Political & World Maps

This lesson will explain the different types of maps used to interpret and study our world. In doing this, it will focus on maps that deal in elevation, population, weather patterns and more.

Geographic Coordinates: Latitude, Longitude & Elevation

4. Geographic Coordinates: Latitude, Longitude & Elevation

This lesson will seek to explain the geographic coordinate system. In doing so, it will explain latitude and longitude. It will also highlight the equator, the prime meridian, and the concept of elevation.

US Time Zones: Pacific, Mountain, Central & Eastern

5. US Time Zones: Pacific, Mountain, Central & Eastern

This lesson will explain and show the four major time zones of the United States. It will also highlight the work of Fleming, the Standard Time Act of 1918, and daylight saving time.

What Is Topography and How Is Topography Reshaped?

6. What Is Topography and How Is Topography Reshaped?

The topography, or surface of the Earth, is constantly changing shape due to many powerful forces. In this lesson, we will learn about some of the amazing changes that occur on Earth due to the processes of weathering, erosion, and deposition.

Population Distribution: Rural vs. Urban Areas

7. Population Distribution: Rural vs. Urban Areas

The distribution of people varies depending in the type of location. In this lesson, we will explore how people are distributed between rural and urban areas and how these populations have changed over time.

Population Distribution Factors: Job Availability, Quality of Life & Ethnicity

8. Population Distribution Factors: Job Availability, Quality of Life & Ethnicity

This lesson will discuss population distribution and the factors that affect it. It will specifically highlight quality of life, job availability, and ethnicity, while also defining the terms 'sparse' and 'dense.'

Geography and Climate: Effects on Civilizations

9. Geography and Climate: Effects on Civilizations

In this lesson, we will look at the relationship between geography, climate, and civilization. We will learn why civilizations develop in particular regions and how this leads to lifestyle and cultural differences.

Factors Involved in Climate Change

10. Factors Involved in Climate Change

Our Earth's climate has changed many times in her 4.5 billion year lifetime. Discover the multiple factors that influence these changes and test your understanding with a short quiz.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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