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Ch 6: Geologic Terminology

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25 Lessons in Chapter 6: Geologic Terminology
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is a Continent? - Definition & Explanation

1. What is a Continent? - Definition & Explanation

Continents are large tracts of land that rise above sea level. Learn about the continents and dive into an explanation of how they formed, discover the different pieces of rock that make up the continents, explore the definition of a supercontinent, and take a look at how to determine the true shape and size of a continent.

What is a Desert? - Definition & Facts

2. What is a Desert? - Definition & Facts

Whether covered in sand or snow, a desert is a dry, barren region that supports little vegetation. Learn how to define deserts, explore their extreme climates, discover the variances and changes in their ecosystems, and learn facts about the life found there.

What is a Map Key/Legend? - Definition, Symbols & Examples

3. What is a Map Key/Legend? - Definition, Symbols & Examples

The ability to use a map key properly aids in geospatial or scientific knowledge as well as one's personal understanding of the area of the world depicted. Discover through examples how a map is much easier to use when one understands what the various symbols, icons, and colors in a map key or legend represent.

What is a Mountain Range? - Definition & Explanation

4. What is a Mountain Range? - Definition & Explanation

A mountain range is a group of mountains that share the same geological origins and are located close together. Discover the definition of a mountain range with an explanation of elevation and mountain belts.

What is a Plateau? - Definition & Explanation

5. What is a Plateau? - Definition & Explanation

A plateau is a flat expanse of land elevated above the surrounding region. Examine the features, or lacktherof, of intermontane and other plateaus, and learn the explanation to their iconic landscape.

What is Carbon Dating? - Definition & Overview

6. What is Carbon Dating? - Definition & Overview

Carbon-14 dating is used to determine the age of objects that have absorbed carbon dioxide. Learn the definition of carbon dating and explore how scientists use radioactive half-lives to calculate the age of an object.

What is Geology? - Definition, History, Facts & Topics

7. What is Geology? - Definition, History, Facts & Topics

Geology studies the Earth's structure, natural mineral resources, and the processes that shape its physical features. Learn how to define geology, explore its two main types, then discover its history, topics, and interesting facts.

What is Latitude? - Definition, Calculation & Examples

8. What is Latitude? - Definition, Calculation & Examples

Latitude and longitude are two different types of coordinates that can tell you exactly where your position is geographically. Learn more about their definition, learn how to do calculations to find coordinates and review examples.

Batholith: Definition & Formation

9. Batholith: Definition & Formation

Batholiths are defined as large masses of igneous rock that form enormous underground geological structures. Explore the definition of batholiths, how they are structured, the formation process, and famous examples.

Faults: Definition & Types

10. Faults: Definition & Types

Faults can be both active and inactive. Understand the definition of faults, discover the different types of faults such as dip-slip, strike-slip, and oblique-slip faults, and compare active vs. inactive faults.

Felsic: Definition & Composition

11. Felsic: Definition & Composition

Felsic rocks are a type of igneous rock that contains high amounts of feldspar and silicon. Learn the composition of felsic rocks and how different types of felsic rocks are formed through extrusion and other processes.

Geologic Features: Overview

12. Geologic Features: Overview

Geologic features are responsible for the features on the surface of the Earth. Explore an overview and the definition of a geologic feature, the geologic processes and features, and examples of geologic features.

Geyser: Definition & Explanation

13. Geyser: Definition & Explanation

Learn about how geysers like Old Faithful create spectacular explosions of water and steam. Explore geysers from Yellowstone National Park to Iceland to the ocean floor deep under the Pacific Ocean.

Glacial Moraine: Definition & Overview

14. Glacial Moraine: Definition & Overview

This lesson will explain what glacial moraine is, and describe the various types of glacial moraine, both those that remain after a glacier recedes and those that don't. A short quiz will follow.

Lakes: Definition & Facts

15. Lakes: Definition & Facts

Learn about the different types of lakes, from glacier lakes to oxbow lakes, and how they are formed. Explore how lakes are part of every ecosystem and found on every continent.

Landform: Definition & Types

16. Landform: Definition & Types

A landform is a naturally occuring formation of land. Explore the definition of landforms and the type of landforms such as landforms near water, landforms with higher elevations, and low and flat landforms in this lesson.

Mantle Plume: Definition & Explanation

17. Mantle Plume: Definition & Explanation

A mantle plume is defined as a column of hot mantle rocks from the mantel-core that pass through the mantle to the base of the lithosphere. Learn the definition of a mantle plume, the evidence for mantle plumes, and why many geologists question their existence.

Mid-Atlantic Ridge: Definition & Explanation

18. Mid-Atlantic Ridge: Definition & Explanation

Oceanographers knew the Mid-Atlantic Ridge existed for decades before they found an answer to one burning question: Why was there a 7700 foot high mountain range at the bottom of the Atlantic? Now you can discover the answer in this lesson.

Mountain: Definition, Formation, Characteristics & Examples

19. Mountain: Definition, Formation, Characteristics & Examples

Mountains are prominent landforms that have significant heights above sea level and/or the surrounding land. Learn more about the definition of a mountain and its formations and characteristics, and find examples of mountains.

Phagocytosis: Definition, Process & Types

20. Phagocytosis: Definition, Process & Types

Phagocytosis refers to a cell engulfing a particle that is solid and larger than itself. See the significance to the immune system through the process and distinct types of phagocytosis.

Rivers: Definition & Explanation

21. Rivers: Definition & Explanation

Explore rivers and how they develop from small streams to swiftly flowing rapids. Learn about how rivers shape the land around them, creating canyons, flood plains and deltas.

The Mississippi River: Facts, History & Location

22. The Mississippi River: Facts, History & Location

The Mississippi River flows through several states and is a system comprised of the Jefferson, Missouri, and Mississippi rivers. Explore the river's history and location, and learn facts such as its length, watershed, and importance.

Valley: Definition & Examples

23. Valley: Definition & Examples

Valleys can be created in multiple ways, such as through erosion, glacial movement, or shifting tectonic plates. Discover the definition of a valley as well as explore different types, including V-shaped, U-shaped, and rift.

Where Is the Redwood Forest? - Location, Facts & History

24. Where Is the Redwood Forest? - Location, Facts & History

It takes some tiny seeds hundreds of years to become the tallest living things on the planet. Learn about the redwood forest and where you can see these giants today; take a quiz to check your understanding.

Yellowstone National Park: Facts, Location & History

25. Yellowstone National Park: Facts, Location & History

Yellowstone National Park is America's oldest and is truly a jewel, containing mountain beauty, geothermal features, and abundant wildlife. Read on to find out more about this unique part of the American west. A short quiz is provided.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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