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Ch 6: Geologic Terminology

About This Chapter

25 Lessons in Chapter 6: Geologic Terminology
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is a Continent? - Definition & Explanation

1. What is a Continent? - Definition & Explanation

At some point in your elementary school career, you were likely taught that the earth has seven continents. But, geologically, the situation is a bit more complicated. Learn how our continents formed, and why, in this lesson.

What is a Desert? - Definition & Facts

2. What is a Desert? - Definition & Facts

Do you know what a desert is? Did you know that a desert can be extremely cold and covered in snow? Read on to learn more fascinating facts about Earth's driest ecosystem.

What is a Map Key/Legend? - Definition, Symbols & Examples

3. What is a Map Key/Legend? - Definition, Symbols & Examples

Learn about maps and map keys/legends. Understand why map keys are essential to understanding maps, and see some examples of the importance of map keys.

What is a Mountain Range? - Definition & Explanation

4. What is a Mountain Range? - Definition & Explanation

Explore mountain ranges from the Himalayas in Asia to the Appalachians in North America. Learn about how mountain ranges are organized into larger groupings called mountain belts. After the lesson, test yourself with a quiz.

What is a Plateau? - Definition & Explanation

5. What is a Plateau? - Definition & Explanation

You can't spell 'plateau' without 'plate,' and there is a good reason for that - both of these objects are, by definition, flat. This lesson will further explain the definition of plateau and discuss some different types of these flat landforms.

What is Carbon Dating? - Definition & Overview

6. What is Carbon Dating? - Definition & Overview

Ever wondered how scientists know the age of old bones in an ancient site or how old a scrap of linen is? The technique used is called carbon dating, and in this lesson we will learn what this is and how it is used. A quiz will test how much we have learned.

What is Geology? - Definition, History, Facts & Topics

7. What is Geology? - Definition, History, Facts & Topics

Did you know Earth is over 4.5 billion years old? Did you also know that the continents move and have joined together to create supercontinents? Learn about geology, what it is, its history and some interesting facts.

What is Latitude? - Definition, Calculation & Examples

8. What is Latitude? - Definition, Calculation & Examples

In this lesson, you will learn what latitude is and the general principles behind how it can be calculated. You'll also be provided with some examples of latitudes around the world. A short quiz will follow.

Batholith: Definition & Formation

9. Batholith: Definition & Formation

Red-hot giants form deep within the Earth's crust -- you could be living on top of a former one right now. In this lesson you will read about the huge igneous formations known as batholiths and how they form.

Faults: Definition & Types

10. Faults: Definition & Types

Faults - everyone has them, even our planet. But what are geologic faults? And why does our planet have so many? Let's explore the answers to these questions in this lesson.

Felsic: Definition & Composition

11. Felsic: Definition & Composition

In this lesson, you will read about felsic rocks and find out what they're made of - their name gives clues to their composition. You'll also take a quiz to test your understanding.

Geologic Features: Overview

12. Geologic Features: Overview

Geologic features are all around us, on the earth's surface and beneath our feet, and they are part of the landscape. In this lesson, learn more about geologic features, and then test your knowledge with a quiz.

Geyser: Definition & Explanation

13. Geyser: Definition & Explanation

Learn about how geysers like Old Faithful create spectacular explosions of water and steam. Explore geysers from Yellowstone National Park to Iceland to the ocean floor deep under the Pacific Ocean.

Glacial Moraine: Definition & Overview

14. Glacial Moraine: Definition & Overview

This lesson will explain what glacial moraine is, and describe the various types of glacial moraine, both those that remain after a glacier recedes and those that don't. A short quiz will follow.

Lakes: Definition & Facts

15. Lakes: Definition & Facts

Learn about the different types of lakes, from glacier lakes to oxbow lakes, and how they are formed. Explore how lakes are part of every ecosystem and found on every continent.

Landform: Definition & Types

16. Landform: Definition & Types

Read about landforms and their major features. Learn the differences between formations like mountains and hills, valleys and canyons. (Hint: It has to do with their form.)

Mantle Plume: Definition & Explanation

17. Mantle Plume: Definition & Explanation

Exactly what a mantle plume is and whether such things even exist, is not certain. Yet, they are proposed as an explanation for many volcanic features. You'll learn what geologists think they are in this lesson.

Mid-Atlantic Ridge: Definition & Explanation

18. Mid-Atlantic Ridge: Definition & Explanation

Oceanographers knew the Mid-Atlantic Ridge existed for decades before they found an answer to one burning question: Why was there a 7700 foot high mountain range at the bottom of the Atlantic? Now you can discover the answer in this lesson.

Mountain: Definition, Formation, Characteristics & Examples

19. Mountain: Definition, Formation, Characteristics & Examples

This lesson will explain how a mountain is defined, how mountains are formed, and their characteristics, as well as discuss some of the most famous or significant mountains. A short quiz will follow.

Phagocytosis: Definition, Process & Types

20. Phagocytosis: Definition, Process & Types

Phagocytosis is the process by which a cell engulfs material either to destroy it, to feed on it, or to get information from it. Learn how important this process is to your own immune system.

Rivers: Definition & Explanation

21. Rivers: Definition & Explanation

Explore rivers and how they develop from small streams to swiftly flowing rapids. Learn about how rivers shape the land around them, creating canyons, flood plains and deltas.

The Mississippi River: Facts, History & Location

22. The Mississippi River: Facts, History & Location

You may have learned that the Mississippi River is the fourth longest river in the world. It also supplies water for millions of people and wildlife. Learn more interesting facts about this important American waterway in this lesson.

Valley: Definition & Examples

23. Valley: Definition & Examples

Explore the types of valleys created by erosion and the shifting of the earth's plates. Learn about the different shapes valleys can take, from steep river canyons to wide glacier valleys.

Where Is the Redwood Forest? - Location, Facts & History

24. Where Is the Redwood Forest? - Location, Facts & History

It takes some tiny seeds hundreds of years to become the tallest living things on the planet. Learn about the redwood forest and where you can see these giants today; take a quiz to check your understanding.

Yellowstone National Park: Facts, Location & History

25. Yellowstone National Park: Facts, Location & History

Yellowstone National Park is America's oldest and is truly a jewel, containing mountain beauty, geothermal features, and abundant wildlife. Read on to find out more about this unique part of the American west. A short quiz is provided.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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