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Ch 9: Geology for Elementary School

About This Chapter

Your student can learn about various aspects of geology when he or she studies this chapter's many pertinent lessons for kids. Test your student's knowledge by checking their answers to the short quizzes.

Geology for Elementary School - Chapter Summary

This chapter and its lessons can serve to fill in any gaps in your child's knowledge of geology. It can also reinforce what your student has already learned about geological processes, definitions and concepts while in school.

This chapter's lessons on geology were developed by education professionals and are delivered by actual teachers. This program of study can be accessed online with a mobile device or a standard desktop computer. The lesson text includes step-by-step examples and, sometimes, important key terms in bold print. Students can request help if it's needed by visiting the Dashboard area. There, they can submit questions on geology by using the ask-an-expert feature.

Chapter Lessons and Objectives

Lesson Objective
Tectonic Plates Lesson for Kids: Definition, Theory & Facts The Earth's tectonic plates are defined and their movement explained in this lesson.
Theory of Tectonic Plates Lesson for Kids Related theories are explored here.
Seismic Waves Lesson for Kids Different kinds of seismic waves are the focus of this lesson.
The Richter Scale Lesson for Kids Students learn about the Richter scale and its use.
Seismograph Lesson for Kids: Definition & Uses Pupils discover how the seismograph measures the strength of earthquakes.
Earthquakes Lesson for Kids This lesson defines earthquakes and studies their causes.
Tsunamis Lesson for Kids Facts & Information Students learn what tsunamis are and examine their causes and effects.
Ring of Fire - Lesson for Kids This lesson features the definition and location of the Ring of Fire.
Pangaea Lesson for Kids Pupils receive information about super-continent Pangaea, and they study related theories.
Types of Rocks: Lesson for Kids Various kinds of rocks are explored within this lesson.
Types of Igneous Rocks: Lesson for Kids This lesson looks at how igneous rocks are created.
Sedimentary Rocks Lesson for Kids: Definition and Facts Different types of sedimentary rocks are highlighted here.
Soil Science Lesson for Kids This lesson examines the minerals and properties of the Earth's soil.
Volcanoes Lesson for Kids: Facts & Types Students learn about various kinds of volcanoes.
How Are Volcanoes Formed? Lesson for Kids The formation of volcanoes is explained.
Why Do Volcanoes Erupt? - Lesson for Kids This lesson lists contributing factors to volcanic eruptions.
How Was the Grand Canyon Formed? - Lesson for Kids Students discover the origins of the Grand Canyon.
Erosion Lesson for Kids: Definition, Facts and Types The causes and results of erosion are examined in this lesson.
Erosion & Deposition Lesson for Kids Students discover the effects of erosion and deposition on landforms.
Weathering Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts The process of weathering is explained and the resulting formations are described here.
Erosion & Weathering Lesson for Kids The impact of weathering and erosion on the surface of the Earth is described in this lesson.
Wind, Soil, Water and Beach Erosion Lesson for Kids Pupils look at the ways in which the wind, soil and water can transform our planet's surface. The lesson also examines the causes of beach erosion.
Water Cycle Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts Students can discover what the water cycle is and how it works.
Landslides Lesson for Kids This lesson explains the ways in which landslides develop.
Sinkholes Lesson for Kids Students discover the causes and effects of sinkholes.
Stalactites & Stalagmites Lesson for Kids This lesson explains how these deposits form and describes the differences between the two.
Carbon Dating Lesson for Kids Pupils learn about the carbon dating technique and how it's used.
Bermuda Triangle Stories: Lesson for Kids The mysteries of the Bermuda Triangle are explored.

56 Lessons in Chapter 9: Geology for Elementary School
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Tectonic Plates Lesson for Kids: Definition, Theory & Facts

1. Tectonic Plates Lesson for Kids: Definition, Theory & Facts

Discover the pieces of the Earth's crust known as tectonic plates. Explore the layers of the Earth, how tectonic plates move by convection currents in the mantle, the Plate Tectonic theory, and the landforms created by plate tectonics.

Theory of Tectonic Plates Lesson for Kids

2. Theory of Tectonic Plates Lesson for Kids

In this lesson, you will learn how the earth and a S'mores are similar! Read on to find out about tectonic plates and how their movement shapes the Earth.

Seismic Waves Lesson for Kids

3. Seismic Waves Lesson for Kids

Learn about seismic waves and see the importance of measuring them. Discover the ways they come about and look at the scientists who record and study them.

The Richter Scale Lesson for Kids

4. The Richter Scale Lesson for Kids

The Richter scale has been used to measure the magnitude or largest wave of energy produced by earthquakes since 1935. Learn about the scale invented by Charles Richter, how it is used, and the largest earthquake ever recorded using the Richter scale.

Seismograph Lesson for Kids: Definition & Uses

5. Seismograph Lesson for Kids: Definition & Uses

Explore the world of earthquakes and the use of seismographs to detect and record information about their seismic waves. Discover more about the energy waves released by earthquakes, how seismographs record the shakes created by quakes, and how the data collected are interpreted using the Richter scale.

Earthquakes Lesson for Kids

6. Earthquakes Lesson for Kids

Learn about earthquakes and how they form. Discover the connection between plate tectonics and earthquakes, the formation of faults, and how scientists measure earthquakes using seismographs. Finally, explore best practices for earthquake safety.

Tsunamis Lesson for Kids Facts & Information

7. Tsunamis Lesson for Kids Facts & Information

Learn about tsunamis, a type of gigantic wave that can have devastating effects when it comes ashore. Discover how tsunamis form and where they are most common. Finally, learn ways to stay safe during a tsunami.

Ring of Fire Lesson for Kids

8. Ring of Fire Lesson for Kids

The Ring of Fire causes earthquakes, mountains and volcanoes, and it has been fascinating scientists for many years. Learn about this very large area of earth and how it has helped scientists learn more about our planet.

Pangaea Lesson for Kids

9. Pangaea Lesson for Kids

Learn about Pangaea, a supercontinent that existed hundreds of millions of years ago. Explore how the theory of Pangaea's existence formed, who proposed the theory, how plate tectonics formed Pangaea, and evidence that it existed.

Types of Rocks: Lesson for Kids

10. Types of Rocks: Lesson for Kids

Explore the world of geology and the types of rocks found on Earth, which are classified by how they form. Learn about the three types of rocks: igneous rocks, sedimentary rocks, and metamorphic rocks.

Types of Igneous Rocks: Lesson for Kids

11. Types of Igneous Rocks: Lesson for Kids

Igneous rocks are created when lava cools and becomes hard. Learn how igneous rocks are formed and discover the two types of igneous rocks: intrusive and extrusive.

Sedimentary Rocks Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

12. Sedimentary Rocks Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

Sedimentary rocks are formed from small pieces of rocks and land, which are called sediments. Learn about the definition and types of sedimentary rocks, and discover interesting facts about them.

Soil Science Lesson for Kids

13. Soil Science Lesson for Kids

Explore the world of soil and the difference between soil and dirt. Learn about the components of soil, including the microorganisms found within, and discover the different types of soil and the layers of soil known as soil horizons.

Volcanoes Lesson for Kids: Facts & Types

14. Volcanoes Lesson for Kids: Facts & Types

Learn about the exciting and explosive world of volcanoes. Discover what is inside a volcano and why volcanoes erupt. Finally, explore the different types of volcanoes, such as cinder cone, shield, and composite volcanoes.

How Are Volcanoes Formed? Lesson for Kids

15. How Are Volcanoes Formed? Lesson for Kids

Learn about volcanoes and how they form. Discover what a volcano is, how destructive and constructive plate boundaries form volcanoes, what is inside a volcano, and why volcanoes can look different from each other.

Why Do Volcanoes Erupt? - Lesson for Kids

16. Why Do Volcanoes Erupt? - Lesson for Kids

Investigate why volcanoes erupt. Discover the mechanics that lead to volcanic eruptions and the different types of eruptions that occur. Finally, discover whether volcanoes always erupt and why some erupt more often than others.

How Was the Grand Canyon Formed? - Lesson for Kids

17. How Was the Grand Canyon Formed? - Lesson for Kids

Explore the Grand Canyon, one of the largest and most famous canyons in the world. Learn how water formed the Grand Canyon, how long it took for form, and why the sides of the canyons are made of striped layers of rock.

Erosion Lesson for Kids: Definition, Facts & Types

18. Erosion Lesson for Kids: Definition, Facts & Types

Erosion is the process when materials on a land surface are broken down and carried by the wind, water, or ice. Learn about the definition and facts about erosion, and explore the types of erosion, such as wind, water, and ice erosions.

Erosion & Deposition Lesson for Kids

19. Erosion & Deposition Lesson for Kids

Learn about erosion and deposition, two processes in creating the sediment. Discover how wind and water can erode rock, moving rock particles across distances, and what leads to deposition, where the particles settle in new places.

Weathering Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

20. Weathering Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

Learn about weathering, which splits large rocks into smaller rocks. Discover the types of weathering -- mechanical weathering, chemical weathering, and organic weathering -- and their characteristics.

Erosion & Weathering Lesson for Kids

21. Erosion & Weathering Lesson for Kids

Discover the difference between erosion and weather. Learn about the different types of weathering, such as chemical and weathering erosion. Finally, discover what natural forces can carry rock particles and lead to erosion.

Wind Erosion Lesson for Kids

22. Wind Erosion Lesson for Kids

Learn about wind erosion, its effects, and the different types of wind erosion. Explore the difference between creep, saltation, and suspension forms of wind erosion. Finally, discover landforms created by wind erosion.

Soil Erosion Lesson for Kids

23. Soil Erosion Lesson for Kids

When something erodes, it wears away. In this lesson, you'll learn what causes soil to erode, what soil erosion looks like, and what can be done to control it.

Water Erosion Lesson for Kids

24. Water Erosion Lesson for Kids

Learn about water erosion, just one way that natural forces can transport particles of rock from one place to another. Discover the four types of water erosion as well as how humans can contribute to erosion and how they combat it.

Beach Erosion Lesson for Kids

25. Beach Erosion Lesson for Kids

Explore beach erosion, the process where beaches lose sand and rock along the shoreline. Discover how erosion happens and why it's a problem. Learn how humans can worsen beach erosion and efforts they take to combat the problem.

Water Cycle Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

26. Water Cycle Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

Learn about the water cycle, a repeated process that moves water around the planet. Discover the four stages of the water cycle and what they do: evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and collection.

Landslides Lesson for Kids

27. Landslides Lesson for Kids

Have you ever heard about landslides on the news or seen pictures showing the devastation they can cause? In this lesson, discover the causes of landslides and take a close look at the dangers of this natural phenomenon.

Sinkholes Lesson for Kids

28. Sinkholes Lesson for Kids

Sinkholes are holes that suddenly appear when there is nothing underneath the ground to support it. Find out what causes sinkholes and where in the United States they are most common.

Stalactites & Stalagmites Lesson for Kids

29. Stalactites & Stalagmites Lesson for Kids

Some caves have cool-looking formations called stalactites and stalagmites. Although they grow in different directions and may be different sizes and shapes, they are all formed by the same basic process. In this lesson, you will learn about these formations.

Carbon Dating Lesson for Kids

30. Carbon Dating Lesson for Kids

Did you ever wonder how scientists know a fossil is 10,000 years old or a piece of paper is 2,000 years old? They use a method called carbon dating. In this lesson you'll learn about carbon dating and how it works.

Bermuda Triangle Stories: Lesson for Kids

31. Bermuda Triangle Stories: Lesson for Kids

A number of planes and ships have gone missing in an area of the ocean called the Bermuda Triangle. Learn more about these strange disappearances and some theories as to why they may have happened.

Mineral Identification Lesson for Kids

32. Mineral Identification Lesson for Kids

When we think of minerals, we tend to think of expensive ones, like gold and diamonds, but minerals are all around us. In this lesson you'll learn about some of the different ways to identify minerals around you

Types of Minerals: Lesson for Kids

33. Types of Minerals: Lesson for Kids

What are minerals? How do we use them? In this lesson, you will learn the answers to these questions as well as the different types of minerals and how scientists use physical properties to identify them.

How are Mountains Formed? - Lesson for Kids

34. How are Mountains Formed? - Lesson for Kids

Different types of mountains are formed when tectonic plates push and pull. Learn about mountain formation, the parts of the earth, and the types and formations of mountains.

Crystal Formation Lesson for Kids

35. Crystal Formation Lesson for Kids

Crystals are all around us, but we just might not know where to look. Come and learn about what crystals are, how they are formed, and natural and man-made examples of this amazing substance.

Glacier Facts: Lesson for Kids

36. Glacier Facts: Lesson for Kids

Glaciers are giant ice sheets that have been around for thousands of years. Learn about glaciers, including their types, sizes, where to find them, their formation, and other fun facts.

Ice Age Lesson for Kids: History & Facts

37. Ice Age Lesson for Kids: History & Facts

Imagine living at a time when giant mammals roamed the earth. Sloths were as tall as houses, and armadillos were as big as a small car! Read on to learn more about what life was like during the Ice Age.

Iceberg Facts: Lesson for Kids

38. Iceberg Facts: Lesson for Kids

Icebergs are floating chunks of ice that are mainly found in the North Atlantic Ocean and the seas around Antarctica. Icebergs can be dangerous to ships and come in many sizes.

Outer Core Facts: Lesson for Kids

39. Outer Core Facts: Lesson for Kids

Earth is divided into three main parts: the crust, the mantle, and the core. But did you know that the core is actually made of two different layers? In this lesson, we will talk about the outer core of Earth.

Underwater Volcano Facts: Lesson for Kids

40. Underwater Volcano Facts: Lesson for Kids

Underwater volcanoes (or submarine volcanoes) form along underwater mountain ranges or over hot spots. Explore the volcanic ocean floor and learn about underwater eruptions.

Cave Facts: Lesson for Kids

41. Cave Facts: Lesson for Kids

Caves are fascinating forms of rock found in nature. In this lesson, learn about how caves are formed, how they were used by ancient humans, and animals that live in caves!

Cinder Cone Volcano Facts: Lesson for Kids

42. Cinder Cone Volcano Facts: Lesson for Kids

Learn about cinder cone volcanoes. Discover the properties of cinder cone volcanoes and how they form, explore some famous examples, and finally, learn what makes cinder cone volcanoes dangerous.

Coal Lesson for Kids: Facts & Formation

43. Coal Lesson for Kids: Facts & Formation

Coal is a black rock that can be used to generate electricity. This lesson will teach you how coal is formed, where it's found, and how we use it to power our lives!

Crystals Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

44. Crystals Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

Crystals are not just diamonds, but unique formations of stacked atoms. Many crystals are made of minerals, but there are other types of materials that also make crystals. In this lesson, you will learn about what a crystal is, the types of shapes, and how they are formed.

Diamond Facts: Lesson for Kids

45. Diamond Facts: Lesson for Kids

Today, thousands of diamonds are given as special gifts to people's loved ones. Learn about how diamonds are formed, where they are found, their role in history and some harmful effects of diamond mining.

Gold Lesson for Kids: Facts & Properties

46. Gold Lesson for Kids: Facts & Properties

Gold is a shiny metal that people wear as jewelry, but it's also good for many other things. Come learn about gold, its properties, what it is used for aside from jewelry, and some other cool facts about this expensive metal.

Gold Mining Facts: Lesson for Kids

47. Gold Mining Facts: Lesson for Kids

Have you ever held or worn gold jewelry? A gold watch, necklace, or bracelet can be quite expensive. This is because gold is a difficult mineral to find in nature. In this lesson, we will explore the different ways gold is mined.

Kilauea Volcano Facts: Lesson for Kids

48. Kilauea Volcano Facts: Lesson for Kids

The Kilauea volcano is the most active volcano in the world. I can't imagine what it would be like to live near it! In this lesson you will learn more about where it is and the facts and history surrounding this amazing landform.

Metamorphic Rock Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

49. Metamorphic Rock Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

Metamorphic rocks are rocks formed from other types of existing rock due to changes in heat or pressure. Learn about the definition and examples of metamorphic rocks and discover facts about how these rocks are formed.

Mineral Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

50. Mineral Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

Minerals come in all forms and are found all over the world. In this lesson, learn the definition of a mineral, explore mineral properties and discover how geologists measure and study these properties.

1906 San Francisco Earthquake Facts: Lesson for Kids

51. 1906 San Francisco Earthquake Facts: Lesson for Kids

About one minute was all it took took to rock San Francisco to its core. Let's explore the San Francisco earthquake of 1906, how it felt, and how the city recovered and revived itself in the aftermath.

Sand Dollar Facts: Lesson for Kids

52. Sand Dollar Facts: Lesson for Kids

Sand dollars are fascinating creatures that live on the ocean floor. Learn about their characteristics, habitat, and diet, and find out why people tell stories about these amazing animals!

Shield Volcano Facts: Lesson for Kids

53. Shield Volcano Facts: Lesson for Kids

You've probably seen a picture of a tall, explosive volcano, but you might mistake this volcano for a low mountain. A shield volcano has long, gently sloping sides and a lava flow that spills, instead of explodes.

Old Faithful Facts: Lesson for Kids

54. Old Faithful Facts: Lesson for Kids

Old Faithful is one of the most famous geysers in the country. In this lesson, learn the definition of a geyser, where Old Faithful is located, and what happens when this geyser erupts.

Climbing Mount Everest: Lesson for Kids

55. Climbing Mount Everest: Lesson for Kids

How incredible would it be to climb Mount Everest? It is certainly not for the weak! Come and learn about what it would be like, some people who have done it before and some tips in case you choose to make the climb.

Grand Canyon Project Ideas

56. Grand Canyon Project Ideas

In this resource, you will find a collection of project ideas for your high school students to do on the Grand Canyon. Students will work individually and in groups to learn more about the natural wonder.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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