About This Chapter
Gestalt Psychology - Chapter Summary
These lessons introduce you to the definition and guiding principles of Gestalt psychology, including the Gestalt theory and the concept of perpetual development. Our self-paced, professionally designed video and text lessons allow you to work through the concepts with flexibility. To re-watch just a portion of a video lesson, use the video tabs feature to skip to the section you'd like to see. This chapter helps you understand:
- The definition of the phi phenomenon
- Examples of figure-ground perception
- What Wolfgang Kohler contributed to psychology, in addition to insight learning
- The importance of Harlow's monkeys
- The experiments of Kurt Lewin
- What the Zeigarnik effect entails
- Harry Helson's adaptation-level theory and how it relates to Gestalt psychology
1. Gestalt Psychology: Definition & Principles
In this lesson, you'll explore the basic concepts and principles of Gestalt psychology. The word 'Gestalt' is a German word that means 'seeing the whole picture all at once.'
2. The Gestalt Theory and Perceptual Development
What does Gestalt mean, and why is it important to our perception? This lesson will discuss Gestalt theory and explain how perception is affected by the concept of Gestalt.
3. The Phi Phenomenon: Definition & Example
Ever heard the expression 'Your eyes are playing tricks on you?' Well, in some cases they might be! In this lesson, we'll talk about the perceptual illusion known as the phi phenomenon. Then, you'll be able to test your new knowledge with a quiz.
4. Wolfgang Kohler: Biography & Contributions to Psychology
This lesson focuses on Wolfgang Kohler and his contributions to gestalt psychology. We'll also look at his theories developed by experimenting with chimps and the way they learn.
5. Insight Learning - Wolfgang Kohler: Theory, Definition & Examples
Insight learning is a theory of learning first put forth by Wolfgang Kohler about 90 years ago. Learn about the development and definition of this theory and then test your knowledge with a short quiz.
6. Harlow's Monkeys: Experiment, Comfort & Socialization
What happens when you make a baby monkey choose between food and comfort? The Harlows answered this question in a series of primate experiments. Love is important, so how will these lonely monkeys function without it?
7. Kurt Lewin: Experiments, Theories & Contributions
Kurt Lewin contributed greatly to our understanding of behavior and group dynamics, utilizing gestalt theory, and defining influences on behavior and change.
8. Zeigarnik Effect: Field Theory & Impact
This lesson looks at how a student of field theory noticed how people retain information and was able to define an effect based on her observations. The Zeigarnik effect is discussed as it applies to learning and its impact since it was discovered.
9. Harry Helson: Gestalt Psychology & Adaptation-Level Theory
In this video we'll use a real-life example to explore adaptation-level theory and Gestalt psychology and the man who brought them both to the forefront of American psychology: Harry Helson.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 312: History and Systems of Psychology course
- Studying the History of Psychology
- Philosophical Influences on Psychology
- Physiological Influences on Psychology
- Women & Minorities in Psychology
- The New Psychology
- Structuralism in Psychology
- Antecedent Influences on Functionalism
- Development of Functionalism
- Applied Psychology
- Antecedent Influences on Behaviorism
- Development of Behaviorism
- Evolution of Behaviorism
- Important Theories in Psychoanalysis
- Contemporary Developments in Psychology
- Required Assignment for Psychology 312
- Studying for Psychology 312