About This Chapter
How it works:
- Identify the lessons in Glencoe Biology's Plant Structure and Function chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons within this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the plant structure and function topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, re-watch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
Students will learn:
- Plant stem structure
- Xylem and phloem
- Shoot system growth
- Leaf structures
- Primary root tissue
- Root system growth
- Plant hormones
- Types of tropisms
Glencoe Biology is a registered trademark of McGraw-Hill, which is not affiliated with Study.com.
1. Structure of Plant Stems: Vascular and Ground Tissue
You can determine the age of a tree by looking at its rings. In this lesson, we will look at the basic structures of stems and explore what causes the rings in a tree trunk.
2. Xylem: The Effect of Transpiration and Cohesion on Function
Roots absorb water and leaves release water, but how does water move up a plant? In this lesson, we will look at how this happens in vascular plants, including the importance of xylem, cohesion and transpiration in the process.
3. Phloem: The Pressure Flow Hypothesis of Food Movement
Leaves produce sugars and stems; roots and fruits use these sugars for energy. In this lesson, we will look at how these sugars move throughout vascular plants, including the importance of phloem and the pressure flow hypothesis in the process.
4. Apical Meristem & Primary Shoot System Growth
Just like humans, plants need to grow. In this lesson, you'll see how plant growth occurs at specific locations and how the height of the plant is increased.
5. Lateral Meristem & Secondary Shoot System Growth
Why do some plants experience a secondary growth? Why do some plants grow only in height but others grow in height and width? Discover the answers to these questions in this lesson.
6. Structure of Leaves: The Epidermis, Palisade and Spongy Layers
Leaves may look pretty in the fall when they are changing colors, but they also provide many necessary functions for plants. In this lesson, we will explore the structures and functions of leaves.
7. Primary Root Tissue, Root Hairs and the Plant Vascular Cylinder
Roots of plants can provide support, food and water. We will look at diagrams and photos to see the different parts of roots in order to explain these different functions.
8. Root System Growth: The Root Cap, Primary Roots & Lateral Roots
It is easy to see some plants get taller, but it is important to know that plants must also have a strong support that we cannot always see. Root growth helps plants survive and can happen in two ways.
9. Plant Hormones: Chemical Control of Growth and Reproduction
We most often think of hormones as things that control our actions and development. However, even plants have these chemicals to help regulate growth and reproduction.
10. Tropisms: Phototropic, Geotropic and Thigmotropic Plant Growth
Animals aren't the only things that can respond to the environment. While plants may seem inanimate at times, they, too, can respond to the environment in order to better survive.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Glencoe Biology: Online Textbook Help course
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 1: The Study of Life
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 2: Principles of Ecology
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 3: Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 4: Population Ecology
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 5: Biodiversity and Conservation
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 7: Cellular Structure and Function
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 8: Cellular Energy
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 9: Cellular Reproduction
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 10: Sexual Reproduction and Genetics
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 11: Complex Inheritance and Human Heredity
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 12: Molecular Genetics
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 13: Genetics and Biotechnology
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 14: The History of Life
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 15: Evolution
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 16: Primate Evolution
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 17: Organizing Life's Diversity
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 18: Bacteria and Viruses
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 19: Protists
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 20: Fungi
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 21: Introduction to Plants
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 23: Reproduction in Plants
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 24: Introduction to Animals
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 25: Worms and Mollusks
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 26: Arthropods
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 27: Echinoderms and Invertebrate Chordates
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 28: Fishes and Amphibians
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 31: Animal Behavior
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 32: Integumentary, Skeletal, and Muscular Systems
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 33: Nervous System
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 34: Circulatory, Respiratory, and Excretory Systems
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 35: Digestive and Endocrine Systems
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 36: Human Reproduction and Development
- Glencoe Biology Chapter 37: The Immune System