Copyright

Ch 6: Glencoe Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology

About This Chapter

The Chemistry in Biology chapter of this Glencoe Biology companion course helps students learn the essential biochemistry lessons of organic molecules and chemical reactions. Each of these simple and fun video lessons is about five minutes long and is sequenced to align with the Chemistry in Biology textbook chapter.

How it works:

  • Identify the lessons in Glencoe Biology's Chemistry in Biology chapter with which you need help.
  • Find the corresponding video lessons within this companion course chapter.
  • Watch fun videos that cover the biochemistry topics you need to learn or review.
  • Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
  • If you need additional help, re-watch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.

Students will learn:

  • Atomic structure
  • Elements
  • Ionic and covalent bonds
  • Synthesis and decomposition reactions
  • Chemical equations
  • Activation energy, activated complex and catalysts
  • Enzyme functions
  • Water properties
  • Solutes and solvents
  • Acids and bases
  • The pH scale
  • Carbohydrate function
  • Structure of lipids
  • Protein structure and function
  • DNA's chemical structure

Glencoe Biology is a registered trademark of McGraw-Hill, which is not affiliated with Study.com.

19 Lessons in Chapter 6: Glencoe Biology Chapter 6: Chemistry in Biology
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Atom

1. The Atom

Tune into this lesson to find out what matters about matter. What exactly is an atom? And, how do the atoms that make up the elements in the periodic table differ from one another?

What Are Elements?

2. What Are Elements?

Look around you. What do you see? Elements are everywhere. They are the building blocks of all matter on Earth. In this lesson, we will discuss what an element is, how elements are written as symbols, and how elements are the building blocks of all matter.

Chemical Bonds I: Covalent

3. Chemical Bonds I: Covalent

Mom always said that sharing is caring. This lesson will explore how electrons affect the chemical reactivity of atoms and specifically the merits of sharing electrons.

Chemical Bonds II: Ionic

4. Chemical Bonds II: Ionic

Did you know that the scientific name for table salt is sodium chloride? Find out how sodium and chlorine atoms come together to form your favorite seasoning.

How Compounds and Molecules Are Built From Elements

5. How Compounds and Molecules Are Built From Elements

Did you know that elements are like people and have different personalities? A few elements are very shy and love to be left alone. Others are very social and prefer to hang out with friends. In this lesson we will discuss how elements build molecules and compounds.

Biochemical Reactions: Synthesis and Decomposition

6. Biochemical Reactions: Synthesis and Decomposition

Did you know that there are thousands of chemical reactions going on in your body every day? In this lesson, you will learn about three types of biochemical reactions: synthesis reactions, decomposition reactions and reversible reactions.

Chemical Reactions and Balancing Chemical Equations

7. Chemical Reactions and Balancing Chemical Equations

In this lesson, you'll learn how to balance a chemical reaction equation using the conservation of matter law. You'll also learn how to write both word and formula equations, what the subscripts after a letter mean and what the numbers in front of compounds mean.

Basic Properties of Chemical Reactions

8. Basic Properties of Chemical Reactions

Learn how about the various components of a chemical reaction, and how those components function. Use this lesson to understand the basic properties of different kinds of chemical reactions.

Activation Energy and Catalysts

9. Activation Energy and Catalysts

Learn how to define activation energy and how it relates to a reaction's energy. Learn what an activated complex is and where it fits into an activation energy diagram. Discover how a catalyst works to change the activation energy of a reaction and what this means to metabolism in the body.

Function of Enzymes: Substrate, Active Site & Activation Energy

10. Function of Enzymes: Substrate, Active Site & Activation Energy

In this lesson, we'll learn how enzymes function to lower the activation energy of a chemical reaction. Enzymes bind to their substrates to perform all kinds of important and essential cellular processes, as well as processes that help you enjoy a slice of pizza!

Properties of Water

11. Properties of Water

Why does ice float? Why can water rise on its own against gravity in a small tube? Find out how these mysterious properties of water can be explained by hydrogen bonds.

Solutions, Solutes, and Solvents

12. Solutions, Solutes, and Solvents

Oh no! Your friend Ben just drank chili oil on a dare, and now his mouth is burning. Should he drink the ice water or vegetable oil to cool his mouth? Quick. Watch this lesson if you aren't sure.

The Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases

13. The Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases

In this lesson, you will learn the definition of Arrhenius acids and bases, discover some of their chemical properties and learn some examples. You will also learn about the difference between strong and weak Arrhenius acids and bases.

The pH Scale: Calculating the pH of a Solution

14. The pH Scale: Calculating the pH of a Solution

Learn the history of the pH scale, how to describe it and why it is used by scientists. Discover how to calculate the pH of an acid or base solutions given either the hydroxide ion concentration or the hydronium ion concentration. Learn how to start with the pH and calculate the hydroxide and hydronium ion concentrations.

Structure and Function of Carbohydrates

15. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.

Structure and Function of Lipids

16. Structure and Function of Lipids

Molecules called lipids have long hydrocarbon chains that determine the way they act. They can be fats, oils, or hormones, and even exist in our cell membranes. Learn more about the chemical structure and biological function of various lipids in this lesson.

Proteins I: Structure and Function

17. Proteins I: Structure and Function

We need our proteins, not just as a major food group but for the many useful roles that they play in our bodies. In our introductory lesson to proteins, you'll learn about the many functions we rely on them to perform.

Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds

18. Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds

In this lesson, we'll take a deeper look at amino acids. You'll learn what makes a peptide, and what separates a protein from other kinds of amino acid bonds.

DNA: Chemical Structure of Nucleic Acids & Phosphodiester Bonds

19. DNA: Chemical Structure of Nucleic Acids & Phosphodiester Bonds

In this lesson, you'll discover what nucleotides look like and how they come together to form polynucleotides. We'll also explore nucleic acids and focus on DNA in particular.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Other Chapters

Other chapters within the Glencoe Biology: Online Textbook Help course

Support