About This Chapter
How it works:
- Identify the lessons in the Glencoe Understanding Psychology Introduction to Psychology chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons within this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the introductory psychology topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
Students will learn:
- The scope of psychology as a profession
- Psychology specializations after 1950
- Psychologists' work environments
- Functionalism and structuralism
- Gestalt psychology, psychoanalysis and behaviorism
- Nature vs. nurture
- Free will vs. determinism
- Conscious vs. unconscious thought
- Observable behavior vs. internal mental processes
- Individual differences vs. universal principles
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1. Why Study Psychology? - Overview & Experiments
Psychology is the study of human behavior and typically involves experiments to discover how individuals react under specific conditions. Learn about the Weekend Effect, the Asch Experiment, and other interesting experiments that psychologists have conducted.
2. What Is Psychology?
Psychology is the way we understand our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Explore the definition of psychology and investigate the five major medical approaches employed by psychologists.
3. The Science of Psychology: Experiments & the Scientific Method
The scientific method is a process of solving different phenomena with a series of steps, including formulating a hypothesis, conducting experiments, and arriving at a concluding statement. Learn about the scientific method and discover ways it can be applied in the science of psychology.
4. Psychological Specializations: Cognitive, Humanistic, Social, Developmental & Clinical
Psychologists can generally be divided into five different areas of specialization, namely cognitive, humanistic, social, developmental, and clinical. Explore the different psychological specializations and discover reasons why a doctor may pick one area of emphasis over another.
5. Two Early Approaches: Functionalism and Structuralism
Structuralism relies heavily on introspection while functionalism studies behavior as a result of evolution. Explore the two early introspective approaches to psychology.
6. Three Later Approaches: Gestalt, Psychoanalysis and Behaviorism
Gestalt psychology is the study of how humans perceive whole objects that originated in Germany. Explore Gestalt psychology and three later approaches to psychoanalysis and behaviorism.
7. Labeling Theory of Deviance: Definition & Examples
The labeling theory of deviance posits that a person doesn't become a criminal until others label them as such. Examine the aspects of the labeling theory, review an example of its application, and learn to define its components, including the two types of deviance and labeling.
8. Psychological Test: Definition, Types & Examples
Psychologists and other qualified mental health professionals use psychological tests to measure specific psychological constructs in individuals. Learn the definition of a psychological test and explore examples of the different types of psychological tests, including intelligence, personality, and aptitude tests, among others.
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Other chapters within the Glencoe Understanding Psychology: Online Textbook Help course
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 2: Psychological Research
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 3: Neuroscience and Behavior
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 4: Sensation and Perception
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 5: States of Consciousness
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 6: Learning
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 7: Memory
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 8: Cognition and Language
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 9: Intelligence
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 10: Motivation and Emotion
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 11: Sexuality and Gender
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 12: Development
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 13: Personality
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 14: Health Psychology
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 15: Psychological Disorders
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 16: Treatment of Psychological Disorders
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 17: Social Psychology
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Appendix: Statistics in Psychology
- Theories of Developmental Learning