About This Chapter
How it works:
- Identify the lessons in the Glencoe Understanding Psychology Personality chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons within this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the personality topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
Students will learn:
- Freud's psychoanalytic theory
- Id, ego and superego
- Freud's stages of psychosexual development
- Freudian defense mechanisms
- Pioneers in human development theory: Freud, Piaget and Jung
- Carl Jung's theories
- Alfred Alder's theories
- Trait theories vs. behavioral theories of leadership
- Personality traits
- Self-efficacy and locus of control
- Genetic influences on personality
- Personality testing
- Behavioral and cognitive assessments
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1. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development
Psychologist Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory formed the basis for many current psychodynamic theories. Review Freud's theory, including his perspectives on instincts, motivation, personality, and development. Learn about Freud's ideas on the three levels of consciousness, id, superego, ego, and psychosexual development.
2. Freud's Theory of the Id, Ego & Superego: Definitions & Examples
Freud's theory of personality is broken into three components that are in internal conflict with each other. This lesson explores those three components: the id, the ego, and the superego.
3. Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development
Freud's stages of psychosexual development include oral, anal, phallic, latent, and genital. Discover more about Freud's stages of psychosexual development, which was once influential but is now largely discredited.
4. Freudian Defense Mechanisms: Definition, Levels & Examples
Sigmund Freud defined defense mechanisms as unconscious reactions that make stress easier to handle. Explore the various levels of Freudian defense mechanisms, ranging from healthy to unhealthy, and find examples of how to tell when a person is using them.
5. Pioneers in Human Development Theory: Freud, Piaget & Jung
Freud based his psychoanalytic theory of human development on satisfying biological instincts, whereas Piaget and Jung based their theories on higher functioning emotional and cognitive development. Learn about Freud, Piaget and Jung and their contributions as pioneers in human development theory.
6. Carl Jung's Theories: Personality, Psyche & Dreams
Carl Jung's contributions to psychology include the concepts of introverts and extroverts, the collective unconscious, and symbolism from dreams. Explore Carl Jung's theories on personality, the human psyche, and dream analysis.
7. Alfred Adler's Theories: Overview & Summary
Alfred Adler's approach to psychology focuses on interpersonal relationships and success in three life tasks: social, love-marriage, and occupational. Explore Alfred Adler's theories of individual psychology and its four phases of therapy.
8. Trait Theories vs. Behavioral Theories of Leadership
Multiple theories of leadership exist, including trait theories centered on personal mannerisms and abilities and behavioral theories which fall into three main categories: autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire. Compare and contrast the definitions and examples of trait theories versus behavioral theories of leadership, and how an individual leader can employ a mixture of both styles.
9. Intro to Personality
Personality refers to an individual's characteristic thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Understand the different types of personality traits and disorders, the differences between states and traits, and what factors shape personality.
10. What Are Personality Traits? - Characteristics, Definition & Five Big Traits
The five-factor model is used to define five core personality traits present in every person: openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. This lesson delves into the ~'Big Five~' theory of personality traits and explains how these traits are measured.
11. Self-Efficacy and Locus of Control: Definition and Meaning
Self-efficacy is the belief that you can succeed in a specific area of your life, and locus of control is how much control you feel you have over a situation. Explore these definitions and meanings, and the benefits of self-efficacy.
12. Is Personality Genetic? - DNA's Influence on Temperament
Believe it or not, our DNA can have a significant impact on our personalities. Explore examples of how human genetics can influence temperament, discover behavioral genetics, and then learn about the identified genetic personality traits.
13. Behavioral and Cognitive Assessments: Purpose, Process, & Limitations
Some psychological disorders are caused by behavioral and cognitive problems, such as unhappy life situations or drinking too much alcohol. Learn about cognitive behavioral therapy, and review behavioral and cognitive assessments, including their purpose, process, benefits, and limitations. Explore the five areas model to understand factors psychologists consider to determine if a patient's behavioral and/or cognitive issues have caused psychological disorders.
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Other chapters within the Glencoe Understanding Psychology: Online Textbook Help course
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 1: Introduction to Psychology
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 2: Psychological Research
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 3: Neuroscience and Behavior
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 4: Sensation and Perception
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 5: States of Consciousness
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 6: Learning
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 7: Memory
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 8: Cognition and Language
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 9: Intelligence
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 10: Motivation and Emotion
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 11: Sexuality and Gender
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 12: Development
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 14: Health Psychology
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 15: Psychological Disorders
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 16: Treatment of Psychological Disorders
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Chapter 17: Social Psychology
- Glencoe Understanding Psychology Appendix: Statistics in Psychology
- Theories of Developmental Learning