About This Chapter
How It Works:
- Identify the lessons in the Glencoe World History Europe in the Middle Ages chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons with this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the European Middle Ages topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
You'll learn all of the world history topics covered in the textbook chapter, including:
- The Medieval Warm Period
- Daily life of peasants and reemergence of cities and trade
- Culture and economy of the High Middle Ages
- The Great Schism
- William the Conqueror, Henry II of England and Thomas Becket
- Investiture Conflict
- The Inquisition
- High Middle Ages and Gothic art and architecture
- Displacement of monarchies and rise of universities
- The little ice age and Black Death
- Late Middle Ages, decline of papal authority and the Hundred Years' War
- Christian antisemitism in Medieval Europe
- Joan of Arc and the longbow
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1. The Medieval Warm Period and New Agricultural Technologies
In this lesson, we explore the factors that brought about Europe's Medieval Agricultural Revolution. We look at the climate of Europe and the key agricultural technologies and techniques that revolutionized agriculture: the heavy plow, the horse collar & the three field crop rotation system.
2. The Daily Life of English Peasants
Peasants of the Middle Age faced a very harsh life. This lesson explores the typical lifestyle for an English peasant in the 11th through 13th centuries, including the daily tasks they performed.
3. The Reemergence of Towns and Commerce
This lesson explores the urban revolution of the 12th century. We will examine the causes, especially the resurgence of trade, and then look at the various factors that made the revolution possible. Finally, we will discuss the impact of this revolution on Medieval Europe.
4. Guilds in Western Culture and Economies in the High Middle Ages
Medieval guilds provided standards for production and protected their members from oppression. This lesson explores why guilds developed in the High Middle Ages.
5. The Great Schism Between the East and Western Churches
This lesson will define and explain the Great Schism, which led to the formation of Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. In doing so, it will highlight the political and cultural factors that led to the the great divide.
6. William the Conqueror & Politics and Art in the Dark Ages
This lesson will explore the life and deeds of William the Conqueror. In exploring the political backdrop of the Dark Ages, it will highlight the Battle of Hastings, the Bayeux Tapestry, and the Domesday Book.
7. The Roman Catholic Clergy
This lesson will list and describe the different members of the Medieval clergy. Beginning at the lower levels and ending with the Pope, it will outline the duties of each office.
8. The Investiture Conflict: Rulers vs. the Centralized Church
This lesson will explore the Investiture Conflict of the 11th and 12th centuries. In doing so, it will highlight the roles of Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV. It will also explain the Concordat of Worms.
9. Henry II of England and Philip Augustus of France
This lesson will explore the reigns of the Angevin Plantagenet kings of England, Henry II, Richard I, and John. It will also highlight their dealings with Philip Augustus of France.
10. Thomas Becket and the Constitutions of Clarendon
This lesson will explain the power struggle between Church and State in medieval England. It will focus on King Henry II, Thomas Becket, and the Constitutions of Clarendon.
11. Heresies and Inquisitions in the High Middle Ages
During the Middle Ages the term heresy referred to religious beliefs that were in disagreement with an established Christian doctrine. This lesson explores the often violent results of the growing popularity of heretical beliefs in the High Middle Ages.
12. Power Struggles of the Holy Roman Empire: Popes vs. Emperors
The High Middle Ages was characterized by constant struggles for power. This lesson explores fighting between the papacy, Germany, and Italy for authority over the Holy Roman Empire.
13. The Rise of Universities and Displacement of Monasteries
Before the Middle Ages, education was the responsibility of the Church. As the need for education spread to those who were not clergy, monasteries could no longer meet the needs of education. This lesson explores the decline of monastic education and the rise of the university.
14. Gothic Architecture: Style, Characteristics & History
This lesson covers the three main features of Gothic architecture: the pointed arch, the rib vault and the flying buttress. We then look at a slideshow of examples of the Gothic style around Europe.
15. Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style
In this lesson, we cover the development of Gothic architectural decoration, specifically decorative sculpture and stained glass windows. You'll learn about Gothic use of stained glass and the evolution of sculpture from Romanesque decoration to Gothic statues.
16. Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics
This lesson follows the development of two trends in Gothic painting: realism and perspective. We explore the origins of these movements in Italian Gothic masters, like Duccio, Giotto and the Lorenzetti Brothers, and their later expression in Northern European illuminations.
17. Christian Antisemitism in Medieval Europe
Medieval Europe was predominantly full of Christian societies, but not all citizens were Christians. In this lesson, we'll talk about anti-Semitic policies and fears that characterize European societies for over a millennium.
18. The Little Ice Age and the Black Death
Fourteenth century Europe experienced a devastating population decline due to a climate cooling, famine, and the plague. This lesson explores how these factors occurred and their impact on Europe.
19. Babylonian Captivity of the Church and the Decline of Papal Authority
In the Middle Ages, the power of the papacy began to decline. A French pope chose to move his court to France. This lesson explores this event, its background, and its impact on Catholicism.
20. The Western Schism and the Tale of 3 Popes
In the Middle Ages, the Catholic church ended up with three elected popes, creating a division in loyalty. This lesson explores how this incident occurred and how it was finally resolved.
21. The Hundred Years' War: England vs. France
The Hundred Years' War was fought between England and France between 1337 and 1453. This lesson explores what led to the conflict and some of the decisive battles of the war.
22. The Longbow in the Hundred Years' War
The Hundred Years' War was fought between England and France over English control of French territories. In two major battles, England won because of their longbowmen. This lesson explains why the longbows were important.
23. Joan of Arc and the End of the Hundred Years' War
Joan of Arc was a French peasant who led French troops against England in the Hundred Years' War. This lesson provides a brief description of her life and actions in the war against England.
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Other chapters within the Glencoe World History: Online Textbook Help course
- Glencoe World History Chapter 1: The First Humans
- Glencoe World History Chapter 2: Western Asia & Egypt
- Glencoe World History Chapter 3: India & China
- Glencoe World History Chapter 4: Ancient Greece
- Glencoe World History Chapter 5: Rome & the Rise of Christianity
- Glencoe World History Chapter 6: The World of Islam
- Glencoe World History Chapter 7: Early African Civilizations
- Glencoe World History Chapter 8: The Asian World
- Glencoe World History Chapter 9: Emerging Europe & the Byzantine Empire
- Glencoe World History Chapter 11: The Americas
- Glencoe World History Chapter 12: Renaissance & Reformation
- Glencoe World History Chapter 13: The Age of Exploration
- Glencoe World History Chapter 14: Crisis & Absolutism in Europe
- Glencoe World History Chapter 15: The Muslim Empires
- Glencoe World History Chapter 16: The East Asian World
- Glencoe World History Chapter 17: Revolution & Enlightenment
- Glencoe World History Chapter 18: The French Revolution & Napoleon
- Glencoe World History Chapter 19: Industrialization & Nationalism
- Glencoe World History Chapter 20: Mass Society & Democracy
- Glencoe World History Chapter 21: The Height of Imperialism
- Glencoe World History Chapter 22: East Asia Under Challenge
- Glencoe World History Chapter 23: War & Revolution
- Glencoe World History Chapter 24: The West Between the Wars
- Glencoe World History Chapter 25: Nationalism Around the World
- Glencoe World History Chapter 26: World War II
- Glencoe World History Chapter 27: Cold War & Postwar Changes
- Glencoe World History Chapter 28: The Contemporary Western World
- Glencoe World History Chapter 29: Latin America
- Glencoe World History Chapter 30: Africa & the Middle East
- Glencoe World History Chapter 31: Asia & the Pacific
- Glencoe World History Chapter 32: Challenges & Hopes for the Future