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Ch 5: Glencoe World History Chapter 5: Rome & the Rise of Christianity

About This Chapter

The Rome & the Rise of Christianity chapter of this Glencoe World History Companion Course helps students learn the essential lessons associated with the rise of Christianity and Rome. Each of these simple and fun video lessons is about five minutes long and is sequenced to align with the Rome & the Rise of Christianity textbook chapter.

How It Works:

  • Identify the lessons in the Glencoe World History Rome & the Rise of Christianity chapter with which you need help.
  • Find the corresponding video lessons with this companion course chapter.
  • Watch fun videos that cover the rise of Christianity and Roman topics you need to learn or review.
  • Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
  • If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.

Chapter Topics

You'll learn all of the world history topics covered in the textbook chapter, including:

  • Ancient Rome and the formation of the Roman republic
  • Politics and the Punic Wars
  • Julius Caesar and the end of the Roman Republic
  • Roman architecture, engineering, religion, art and myths
  • The development of Christianity and ties to Judaism
  • Life of Jesus Christ
  • The decline and fall of Rome
  • Division of the Roman Empire

Glencoe World History is a registered trademark of McGraw-Hill Education, which is not affiliated with Study.com.

26 Lessons in Chapter 5: Glencoe World History Chapter 5: Rome & the Rise of Christianity
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History

1. The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History

This lesson covers the foundation of Rome. We look at the geography of Italy. We examine some of its most important inhabitants before the Romans. Finally, we look at both the historical facts and the Roman myths regarding the foundation of Rome.

The Seven Kings of Rome: History & Summary

2. The Seven Kings of Rome: History & Summary

This lesson covers the legendary kings of Rome. The historical reality of these kings is challenged, and the central myths of their reign are explored.

Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events

3. Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events

This lesson explains the rise of the Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. It cites location, military strategy, and a well-formed political structure as reasons for the Republic's rise.

Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History

4. Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History

This lesson covers the formation of the Roman Republic. We start by identifying the underlying causes of the Republican revolution. We then examine how the Romans instituted and expanded upon their system of checks and balances, starting with patrician assemblies and ending with the Plebeian Council.

The Political Structure of the Roman Republic

5. The Political Structure of the Roman Republic

This lesson explains the political structure of the Roman Republic by highlighting the importance of social class within the system. It also explains the roles and positions of the Consuls, the Senate, and the Assembly.

The Punic Wars: Causes, Summary & Hannibal

6. The Punic Wars: Causes, Summary & Hannibal

This lesson covers the three Punic Wars. We compare Rome to Carthage, then get into a summary account of the First, Second and Third Punic Wars, with brief discussions of their causes and consequences.

Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla

7. Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla

This lesson covers the reforms of the Late Republic. We look at the effects of slavery on the Republic. We examine the factors that led to social unrest. Finally, we take a look at the efforts of various great men to save the Republic from itself.

The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

8. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.

The Early Roman Empire and the Reign of Augustus Caesar

9. The Early Roman Empire and the Reign of Augustus Caesar

This lesson is about Augustus, the first emperor of Rome. In this lesson we follow Augustus's meteoric rise to power, the collapse of the Roman Republic, and the rise of the Roman Empire.

Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History

10. Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History

This lesson examines Roman law, following its development over time. Next, we briefly explore the three branches of Roman law. Finally, we look at how the spread of Roman law led to an era of Roman peace known as the Pax Romana.

Roman Engineering and Architecture

11. Roman Engineering and Architecture

This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.

Roman Myths and Religion

12. Roman Myths and Religion

This lesson compares Roman gods to their Greek predecessors and enumerates the similarities and differences between Greek and Roman religion. Finally, Roman religion's relationship with mystery cults, especially Christianity, is briefly explored.

Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style

13. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style

This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.

The Gospels: The Life of Christ

14. The Gospels: The Life of Christ

This lesson will be a brief exploration of the life of Christ. It will highlight His virgin birth, public ministry, the reasons for His crucifixion, His resurrection and the Christian message that Christ offered salvation to all who believe in His name.

Paul and the Early Church Fathers

15. Paul and the Early Church Fathers

This lesson will identify the earliest Church Fathers as the 12 disciples and the Apostle Paul. In doing this, it will highlight the persecution of the Christian Church as well as the conversion of Saul, known to history as Paul.

St. Stephen & Christians in the Roman Empire

16. St. Stephen & Christians in the Roman Empire

For much of the early history of Christianity, worship was heavily persecuted. In this lesson, we look at the beginning of that persecution with Saint Stephen, as well as the changing relationship between Rome and the Church.

The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity

17. The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity

This lesson will explain the conversion of Constantine and the ascent of Christianity. In doing this, it will highlight the Edict of Milan and the famous Council of Nicaea.

The Early Christian Church and Its Ties to Judaism

18. The Early Christian Church and Its Ties to Judaism

This lesson will explore the early Christian Church and its close connection to Judaism. It will highlight the similarities of these two faiths in reference to the Holy Scriptures while also exploring their disagreement over the person of Jesus Christ.

The Fall of Rome

19. The Fall of Rome

This lesson explains the gradual fall of Rome. In doing so, it highlights corruption, division, and outside invasion as the main reasons for the fall of the Eternal City.

The Aeneid by Virgil

20. The Aeneid by Virgil

This lesson explores Virgil's 'Aeneid'. It consists of a brief plot synopsis. We stop along the way to look at a few important scenes and offer analysis where necessary.

Augustus' Propagandists: Virgil, Horace and Ovid

21. Augustus' Propagandists: Virgil, Horace and Ovid

This lesson explores the role of poetry in Augustus' rise to power. We look at the contributions of Virgil and Horace, two poets brought to Augustus' aid by his friend Maecenas. We also look at the legacy of Ovid, a poet who seems to have raised the emperor's ire.

Emperors of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty

22. Emperors of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty

This lesson will explain the soap opera-like reign of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty. Highlighting the reigns of Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero, it will shed light on the Roman Empire's first ruling dynasty.

The Year of the Four Emperors & the Flavian Dynasty

23. The Year of the Four Emperors & the Flavian Dynasty

This lesson will explore the famous Flavian emperors: Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian. It will explain how this dynasty came to power during the Year of the Four Emperors. It will also highlight the details of each emperor's reign.

The Five Good Emperors of Rome & the Nervan-Antonine Dynasty

24. The Five Good Emperors of Rome & the Nervan-Antonine Dynasty

This lesson will identify the emperors of the Nervan-Antonine Dynasty. It will explain the rule of the Five Good Emperors of the era, while also highlighting the rule of Commodus, the last of the dynasty's emperors.

Emperors of the Severan Dynasty

25. Emperors of the Severan Dynasty

This lesson focuses on the Severan Dynasty, which ruled Rome from 193 CE to 235 CE. Although the lesson explains the military and social reforms of this dynasty, it also highlights the outlandish personalities of the individual rulers.

Division of the Roman Empire: Diocletian & the 3rd Century Crisis

26. Division of the Roman Empire: Diocletian & the 3rd Century Crisis

This lesson will explain the 3rd Century Crisis of the Roman Empire. It will focus on the political, civil and economic problems that caused the crisis, and will also highlight the role of Diocletian in the resolution of the crisis.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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