About This Chapter
How It Works:
- Identify the lessons in the Glencoe World History Rome & the Rise of Christianity chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons with this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the rise of Christianity and Roman topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
You'll learn all of the world history topics covered in the textbook chapter, including:
- Ancient Rome and the formation of the Roman republic
- Politics and the Punic Wars
- Julius Caesar and the end of the Roman Republic
- Roman architecture, engineering, religion, art and myths
- The development of Christianity and ties to Judaism
- Life of Jesus Christ
- The decline and fall of Rome
- Division of the Roman Empire
Glencoe World History is a registered trademark of McGraw-Hill Education, which is not affiliated with Study.com.
1. The Founding of Ancient Rome & Rome's Early History
This lesson covers the foundation of Rome. We look at the geography of Italy. We examine some of its most important inhabitants before the Romans. Finally, we look at both the historical facts and the Roman myths regarding the foundation of Rome.
2. The Seven Kings of Rome: History & Summary
This lesson covers the legendary kings of Rome. The historical reality of these kings is challenged, and the central myths of their reign are explored.
3. Rise of the Roman Republic: Summary of Events
This lesson explains the rise of the Roman Republic after the expulsion of the Etruscan kings. It cites location, military strategy, and a well-formed political structure as reasons for the Republic's rise.
4. Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History
This lesson covers the formation of the Roman Republic. We start by identifying the underlying causes of the Republican revolution. We then examine how the Romans instituted and expanded upon their system of checks and balances, starting with patrician assemblies and ending with the Plebeian Council.
5. The Political Structure of the Roman Republic
This lesson explains the political structure of the Roman Republic by highlighting the importance of social class within the system. It also explains the roles and positions of the Consuls, the Senate, and the Assembly.
6. The Punic Wars: Causes, Summary & Hannibal
This lesson covers the three Punic Wars. We compare Rome to Carthage, then get into a summary account of the First, Second and Third Punic Wars, with brief discussions of their causes and consequences.
7. Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla
This lesson covers the reforms of the Late Republic. We look at the effects of slavery on the Republic. We examine the factors that led to social unrest. Finally, we take a look at the efforts of various great men to save the Republic from itself.
8. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey
This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.
9. The Early Roman Empire and the Reign of Augustus Caesar
This lesson is about Augustus, the first emperor of Rome. In this lesson we follow Augustus's meteoric rise to power, the collapse of the Roman Republic, and the rise of the Roman Empire.
10. Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History
This lesson examines Roman law, following its development over time. Next, we briefly explore the three branches of Roman law. Finally, we look at how the spread of Roman law led to an era of Roman peace known as the Pax Romana.
11. Roman Engineering and Architecture
This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.
12. Roman Myths and Religion
This lesson compares Roman gods to their Greek predecessors and enumerates the similarities and differences between Greek and Roman religion. Finally, Roman religion's relationship with mystery cults, especially Christianity, is briefly explored.
13. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style
This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.
14. The Gospels: The Life of Christ
This lesson will be a brief exploration of the life of Christ. It will highlight His virgin birth, public ministry, the reasons for His crucifixion, His resurrection and the Christian message that Christ offered salvation to all who believe in His name.
15. Paul and the Early Church Fathers
This lesson will identify the earliest Church Fathers as the 12 disciples and the Apostle Paul. In doing this, it will highlight the persecution of the Christian Church as well as the conversion of Saul, known to history as Paul.
16. St. Stephen & Christians in the Roman Empire
For much of the early history of Christianity, worship was heavily persecuted. In this lesson, we look at the beginning of that persecution with Saint Stephen, as well as the changing relationship between Rome and the Church.
17. The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity
This lesson will explain the conversion of Constantine and the ascent of Christianity. In doing this, it will highlight the Edict of Milan and the famous Council of Nicaea.
18. The Early Christian Church and Its Ties to Judaism
This lesson will explore the early Christian Church and its close connection to Judaism. It will highlight the similarities of these two faiths in reference to the Holy Scriptures while also exploring their disagreement over the person of Jesus Christ.
19. The Fall of Rome
This lesson explains the gradual fall of Rome. In doing so, it highlights corruption, division, and outside invasion as the main reasons for the fall of the Eternal City.
20. The Aeneid by Virgil
This lesson explores Virgil's 'Aeneid'. It consists of a brief plot synopsis. We stop along the way to look at a few important scenes and offer analysis where necessary.
21. Augustus' Propagandists: Virgil, Horace and Ovid
This lesson explores the role of poetry in Augustus' rise to power. We look at the contributions of Virgil and Horace, two poets brought to Augustus' aid by his friend Maecenas. We also look at the legacy of Ovid, a poet who seems to have raised the emperor's ire.
22. Emperors of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty
This lesson will explain the soap opera-like reign of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty. Highlighting the reigns of Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero, it will shed light on the Roman Empire's first ruling dynasty.
23. The Year of the Four Emperors & the Flavian Dynasty
This lesson will explore the famous Flavian emperors: Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian. It will explain how this dynasty came to power during the Year of the Four Emperors. It will also highlight the details of each emperor's reign.
24. The Five Good Emperors of Rome & the Nervan-Antonine Dynasty
This lesson will identify the emperors of the Nervan-Antonine Dynasty. It will explain the rule of the Five Good Emperors of the era, while also highlighting the rule of Commodus, the last of the dynasty's emperors.
25. Emperors of the Severan Dynasty
This lesson focuses on the Severan Dynasty, which ruled Rome from 193 CE to 235 CE. Although the lesson explains the military and social reforms of this dynasty, it also highlights the outlandish personalities of the individual rulers.
26. Division of the Roman Empire: Diocletian & the 3rd Century Crisis
This lesson will explain the 3rd Century Crisis of the Roman Empire. It will focus on the political, civil and economic problems that caused the crisis, and will also highlight the role of Diocletian in the resolution of the crisis.
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Other chapters within the Glencoe World History: Online Textbook Help course
- Glencoe World History Chapter 1: The First Humans
- Glencoe World History Chapter 2: Western Asia & Egypt
- Glencoe World History Chapter 3: India & China
- Glencoe World History Chapter 4: Ancient Greece
- Glencoe World History Chapter 6: The World of Islam
- Glencoe World History Chapter 7: Early African Civilizations
- Glencoe World History Chapter 8: The Asian World
- Glencoe World History Chapter 9: Emerging Europe & the Byzantine Empire
- Glencoe World History Chapter 10: Europe in the Middle Ages
- Glencoe World History Chapter 11: The Americas
- Glencoe World History Chapter 12: Renaissance & Reformation
- Glencoe World History Chapter 13: The Age of Exploration
- Glencoe World History Chapter 14: Crisis & Absolutism in Europe
- Glencoe World History Chapter 15: The Muslim Empires
- Glencoe World History Chapter 16: The East Asian World
- Glencoe World History Chapter 17: Revolution & Enlightenment
- Glencoe World History Chapter 18: The French Revolution & Napoleon
- Glencoe World History Chapter 19: Industrialization & Nationalism
- Glencoe World History Chapter 20: Mass Society & Democracy
- Glencoe World History Chapter 21: The Height of Imperialism
- Glencoe World History Chapter 22: East Asia Under Challenge
- Glencoe World History Chapter 23: War & Revolution
- Glencoe World History Chapter 24: The West Between the Wars
- Glencoe World History Chapter 25: Nationalism Around the World
- Glencoe World History Chapter 26: World War II
- Glencoe World History Chapter 27: Cold War & Postwar Changes
- Glencoe World History Chapter 28: The Contemporary Western World
- Glencoe World History Chapter 29: Latin America
- Glencoe World History Chapter 30: Africa & the Middle East
- Glencoe World History Chapter 31: Asia & the Pacific
- Glencoe World History Chapter 32: Challenges & Hopes for the Future