About This Chapter
Global Effects of Exploration, Trade & Revolution - Chapter Summary
In this chapter's lessons, you'll get a chance to review the exploration of the New World by European countries, and learn how this changed the world economy. Our instructors look at some of the most important explorers from Spain and Portugal, and explain how Columbus set up as system of trade.
Other lessons look at the causes and effect of the American and French revolutions in the 18th century and the Russian Revolution in the early 20th century. You'll also get information on revolutions in Central Europe in the mid-19th century. After completing this chapter, you should have more in-depth ideas about topics including:
- Why Europeans explored the Americas
- Gunpowder's impact on the conquest of the New World
- The Columbian Exchange
- Characteristics of world economies in the 18th century
- Causes and impact of the American Revolution
- Economics and social conditions that led to the French Revolution
- Causes of the Russian Revolution
- Revolutions of 1848 in Central Europe
You can watch these short lessons on a computer, tablet or smartphone, using the clickable links in the Timeline to go back and review specific parts of the lesson, if needed. Short quizzes and a chapter exam let you assess your learning, and you can print out the quiz questions for offline study. There's a text transcript of every lesson, with key terms and concepts in bold type.
1. The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas
This lesson will focus on the Age of Exploration. It will explain the main reasons why Europeans explored the New World. It will highlight their spirit of adventure, the religious desire to see natives converted, and the chance to acquire wealth.
2. History of Gunpowder and its Effects on the New World
This lesson will discuss the history of gun powder and its effect on the New World. It will highlight the development of firearms, as well as the Europeans who used gunpowder to ravage the Americas.
3. Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal: Aims & Discoveries
This lesson will focus on the New World explorations of Spain and Portugal. It will list explorers from both of these countries while also highlighting the motivations behind European exploration.
4. The Columbian Exchange
The Columbian Exchange is a term used to denote the world-changing exchange of agricultural goods, slave labor, diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres that occurred after the year 1492 CE.
5. World Economies in the 1700s: Trends, Factors & Characteristics
In this lesson, we explore the economic trends of 18th-century Europe and the demographic and ideological factors which made the Industrial Revolution possible.
6. Society & Culture of the 18th Century
In this lesson, we explore 18th-century European society and how it changed due to factors such as freer markets and population growth. We'll also learn about the popular culture enjoyed by those with enough leisure time to indulge in it.
7. Causes of the American Revolution: Events & Turning Points
In this lesson, we explore the causes and the initial battles of the American Revolution, from the end of the French and Indian War up until the Declaration of Independence in July, 1776.
8. Effects of the American Revolution: Summary & History
In this lesson we explore the effects of the American Revolution, which were felt not just in Great Britain and North America, but across the Western world.
9. The Causes of the French Revolution: Economic & Social Conditions
In this lesson, we explore the social, economic, and political conditions in late 18th-century France, out of which the French Revolution exploded in 1789.
10. The Russian Revolution: Timeline, Causes & Effects
In this lesson, we will examine the Russian Revolution. We will see what events led to the revolution, and we'll learn how the revolution impacted Russia's involvement in World War I.
11. Central European Revolutions of 1848: History, Causes & Effects
This lesson explores the Central European revolutions of 1848. In doing so, it will highlight the nationalist movements across Germany, Austria, and Italy. It will also signify the revolution in France as the catalyst for this historic year.
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