About This Chapter
Global Temperature Patterns & The Atmosphere - Chapter Summary
These videos provide an engaging and accessible tool for middle-schoolers who want to learn about climate or need additional help with geography class. Students study atmospheric chemistry and structure, factors that influence temperature, and climate patterns based on the day-night and seasonal cycles. Students also learn about thermometers and how to convert between the different units of temperature. Use the multiple-choice quiz after each lesson to make sure your middle-schooler understands the concepts.
Chapter Lessons and Objectives
|Major Components of the Atmosphere||Lesson describes the chemistry of Earth's atmosphere.|
|The Structure of the Atmosphere||Students explore the layers of Earth's atmosphere.|
|Factors that Influence Earth's Temperature||Lesson topics include latitude, altitude, elevation, proximity to water and other factors that affect temperature.|
|Daily & Annual Temperature Patterns||Students learn about the daily and yearly temperature cycles.|
|Measuring Temperature & Converting Units of Temperature||Lesson explains how thermometers work and how to convert between Fahrenheit and Centigrade.|
|Temperature Units: Converting Between Kelvins and Celsius||Students learn about the Kelvin and Celsius scales for measuring temperature.|
|Mean, Median, Quartile, Range & Climate Variation of Temperature||Lesson explains how to calculate climate ranges.|
|Earth's Atmospheric Temperature Profile & Thermodynamic Diagrams||Students overview the atmospheric temperature profile of Earth and learn to build and read a thermodynamic diagram.|
|Temperature Ranges by Seasons and Climates||Students study the relationship between temperature and seasons and other climate conditions.|
|Basic Principles of Urban Heat Island Effects||Lesson explains UHI effects on temperature and local climate.|
1. Major Components of the Atmosphere
Our atmosphere is a complex mixture of many different gases. In this video lesson you will identify the major components of Earth's atmosphere as well as how much there is of each.
2. The Structure of the Atmosphere
If you've ever climbed a mountain or been to the beach, you know that the atmosphere is different at different levels. This lesson explains how the structure of the atmosphere is really like a layer cake.
3. Factors that Influence Earth's Temperature
Have you ever wondered why temperatures vary around the Earth? This lesson will examine some factors, including latitude, elevation, atmospheric circulation, differences in heat between land and water, along with ocean currents that affect temperature variance.
4. Daily & Annual Temperature Patterns
There are many factors that influence daily and annual temperature patterns. This lesson focuses on daytime heating, nighttime cooling, clouds and wind, and how these factors influence temperature patterns.
5. Measuring Temperature & Converting Units of Temperature
In this video lesson, we will learn what temperature is, how we measure it and the units it is measured in. We will also learn how to convert easily between the different units using simple conversion factors.
6. Temperature Units: Converting Between Kelvins and Celsius
Have you ever wondered what the lowest possible temperature is? In this lesson, you will learn what temperature measures. You will also be introduced to the Kelvin scale (an absolute scale) and learn how it relates to the Celsius scale.
7. Mean, Median, Quartile, Range & Climate Variation of Temperature
Believe it or not, there is a lot of math involved in temperature. This lesson will teach you how to calculate the mean, median, quartile, and range and explain how these calculations help you understand climate variation.
8. Earth's Atmospheric Temperature Profile & Thermodynamic Diagrams
When you look up in the sky, you probably don't think about all of the atmospheric layers. This lesson will explore these layers in the atmosphere. Then, we will examine how data is graphed for the atmosphere in thermodynamic diagrams.
9. Temperature Ranges by Seasons and Climates
Have you ever wondered how temperature and weather are related to climate? This lesson explains the differences between climate, temperature, and weather and explores several different climates around the world.
10. Basic Principles of Urban Heat Island Effects
Even though some cities are not on an actual island, they may still be considered urban heat islands. This lesson outlines the basic principles behind urban heat island effects.
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Other chapters within the Geography: Middle School course
- Introduction to Geography
- Tools Used in Geography
- Earth's Spheres and Internal Structure
- Plate Tectonics
- Minerals and Rocks
- Weathering and Erosion
- Rock Deformation and Mountain Building
- Ground Water
- Running Bodies of Water
- The Earth-Sun Relationship
- Solar Radiation & Energy
- Atmospheric Pressure and Wind
- Atmospheric, Weather & Wind Patterns
- Atmospheric Moisture, Precipitation & Clouds
- Weather Events
- Geomorphology of Arid Regions
- Oceans & Coasts
- Geologic Time
- The Origin and Dispersal of Humans and Culture
- The Impact of Geography on Language & Culture
- The Environment & Human Populations
- The Domestication of Plants & Animals
- The Global Distribution & Characteristics of Soil
- Geography of Land Resources
- Human Movement & Spatial Processes
- Types of Human Settlements
- Ethnicity & Geography
- Modern Economic Systems
- The Economy & Geography
- Political Geography
- Impact of Humans on the Environment
- Renewable Resources
- Nonrenewable Resources
- Environmental Sustainability
- Food and Agriculture
- Solid and Hazardous Waste
- Environmental Risk Analysis
- Ethical and Political Processes of the Environment
- Understanding Geography Using Maps
- The Impact of Religion on Geography
- Early Human Civilizations
- World Conflicts & Geography
- Geography of North America
- Geography of the U.S.
- Geography of Canada
- Geography of the Caribbean & Central & South America
- Geography of Europe
- Geography of Africa & the Middle East
- Geography of South Asia
- Geography of China, Japan & the Koreas
- Geography of Russia & Central Asia
- Geography of Australia & the Pacific Islands