Copyright

Ch 5: God in Philosophy

About This Chapter

Explore engaging lessons to improve your knowledge of philosophical viewpoints regarding God. The mini quizzes that follow each of the lessons gauge your comprehension of the materials and can help strengthen your grades or prepare for a test.

God in Philosophy - Chapter Summary

By reviewing the quick lessons in this chapter, you can explore some of the different moral arguments for the existence of God. The chapter's entertaining lessons cover William James' pragmatic argument for God, Soren Kierkegaard's concept of a leap of faith and more views on the existence of God. Gauge your grasp of the lessons you review by taking our multiple-choice quizzes, and check your comprehension of the entire chapter with our practice exam. Upon completion of these lessons, you should be ready to do the following:

  • Explain dualism, monism and other differences between the East's and West's perspectives on the Divine
  • Differentiate between the teleological, cosmological, moral and ontological arguments for God
  • Provide details about William Paley's teleological argument
  • Share the philosophical process associated with reconciling God and evil
  • Describe Hume's critique of God and the supernatural
  • Discuss Friedrich Nietzsche's views on atheism
  • Detail Bertrand Russell's famous teapot argument
  • Exhibit knowledge of Mary Daly's ''Beyond God the Father''

10 Lessons in Chapter 5: God in Philosophy
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
God in Western & Eastern Traditions

1. God in Western & Eastern Traditions

This lesson will explore the differences between the East's and the West's views on the Divine. In doing so, it will specifically highlight dualism, monism, polytheism and monotheism.

Types of Arguments for God

2. Types of Arguments for God

This lesson will discuss the teleological, cosmological, moral, and ontological arguments for God. It will also highlight the works of Paley, Aquinas, and Anselm.

William Paley's Teleological Argument

3. William Paley's Teleological Argument

This lesson will explain the Teleological Argument for the existence of God. In doing so, it will highlight William Paley's watch argument as it pertains to the creation of the universe.

Reconciling God & the Problem of Evil

4. Reconciling God & the Problem of Evil

This lesson will explore the philosophical process of rectifying God with evil. In doing so, it will define theodicy while explaining the works of Augustine, Irenaeus, and Hick.

Hume's Critique of God & the Supernatural

5. Hume's Critique of God & the Supernatural

This lesson will explore David Hume and his theory that man can't prove the existence of God. It will define empiricism and skepticism while also highlighting Hume's work, 'Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.'

William James' Pragmatic Argument for God

6. William James' Pragmatic Argument for God

This lesson will explain the pragmatic argument of William James and his writing, ''The Will to Believe''. It will also highlight W.K. Clifford and his work, ''The Ethics of Belief''.

Soren Kierkegaard's Leap of Faith

7. Soren Kierkegaard's Leap of Faith

This lesson will focus on the philosophies of Soren Kierkegaard and his concept of a leap of faith. It will also highlight his three stages of human development, the famous work found in 'Philosophical Fragments.'

Friedrich Nietzsche's Atheism

8. Friedrich Nietzsche's Atheism

This lesson explores the works of Nietzsche. It defines his concept of a superman. It also highlights his views of the Christian God and his four guidelines for attaining freedom.

Bertrand Russell's ~'Teapot~' Argument

9. Bertrand Russell's ~'Teapot~' Argument

This lesson explores Bertrand Russell's arguments against the existence of God. It highlights his beliefs on the universe, as well as his famous teapot argument.

Mary Daly's Feminist Alternative to God the Father

10. Mary Daly's Feminist Alternative to God the Father

Mary Daly's 'Beyond God the Father' is a classic feminist work that remains popular today. Through this lesson, you will learn some of Daly's history and explore some of the themes that she addresses in the book.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support