About This Chapter
God in Philosophy - Chapter Summary
By reviewing the quick lessons in this chapter, you can explore some of the different moral arguments for the existence of God. The chapter's entertaining lessons cover William James' pragmatic argument for God, Soren Kierkegaard's concept of a leap of faith and more views on the existence of God. Gauge your grasp of the lessons you review by taking our multiple-choice quizzes, and check your comprehension of the entire chapter with our practice exam. Upon completion of these lessons, you should be ready to do the following:
- Explain dualism, monism and other differences between the East's and West's perspectives on the Divine
- Differentiate between the teleological, cosmological, moral and ontological arguments for God
- Provide details about William Paley's teleological argument
- Share the philosophical process associated with reconciling God and evil
- Describe Hume's critique of God and the supernatural
- Discuss Friedrich Nietzsche's views on atheism
- Detail Bertrand Russell's famous teapot argument
- Exhibit knowledge of Mary Daly's ''Beyond God the Father''
1. God in Western & Eastern Traditions
This lesson will explore the differences between the East's and the West's views on the Divine. In doing so, it will specifically highlight dualism, monism, polytheism and monotheism.
2. Types of Arguments for God
This lesson will discuss the teleological, cosmological, moral, and ontological arguments for God. It will also highlight the works of Paley, Aquinas, and Anselm.
3. William Paley's Teleological Argument
This lesson will explain the Teleological Argument for the existence of God. In doing so, it will highlight William Paley's watch argument as it pertains to the creation of the universe.
4. Reconciling God & the Problem of Evil
This lesson will explore the philosophical process of rectifying God with evil. In doing so, it will define theodicy while explaining the works of Augustine, Irenaeus, and Hick.
5. Hume's Critique of God & the Supernatural
This lesson will explore David Hume and his theory that man can't prove the existence of God. It will define empiricism and skepticism while also highlighting Hume's work, 'Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.'
6. William James' Pragmatic Argument for God
This lesson will explain the pragmatic argument of William James and his writing, ''The Will to Believe''. It will also highlight W.K. Clifford and his work, ''The Ethics of Belief''.
7. Soren Kierkegaard's Leap of Faith
This lesson will focus on the philosophies of Soren Kierkegaard and his concept of a leap of faith. It will also highlight his three stages of human development, the famous work found in 'Philosophical Fragments.'
8. Friedrich Nietzsche's Atheism
This lesson explores the works of Nietzsche. It defines his concept of a superman. It also highlights his views of the Christian God and his four guidelines for attaining freedom.
9. Bertrand Russell's ~'Teapot~' Argument
This lesson explores Bertrand Russell's arguments against the existence of God. It highlights his beliefs on the universe, as well as his famous teapot argument.
10. Mary Daly's Feminist Alternative to God the Father
Mary Daly's 'Beyond God the Father' is a classic feminist work that remains popular today. Through this lesson, you will learn some of Daly's history and explore some of the themes that she addresses in the book.
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Other chapters within the Philosophy 101: Intro to Philosophy course
- Introduction to Philosophy & Logic
- Types of Fallacies
- Free Will & Determinism
- Self, Mind & Soul in Philosophy
- Religion & Philosophy
- Reality in Philosophy
- Philosophy in Science
- Intro to Epistemology
- Ancient Epistemology
- Modern Epistemology
- Contemporary Epistemology
- Political Philosophy
- Philosophy & Social Justice
- Studying for Philosophy 101