About This Chapter
Gothic Art During the Middle Ages in Europe - Chapter Summary
Enjoy an engaging overview of Gothic art of the Middle Ages in Europe, presented by top instructors in our bite-sized lessons. This chapter makes it easy to comprehend the architecture of Gothic churches, classical influences on Gothic art and architecture, symbolic and liturgical meanings of Gothic architecture and more. Following each lesson is a short quiz you can take any time to assess your understanding of concepts covered. Our practice exam checks your knowledge of the entire chapter. Any questions you develop during your studies can be submitted to our experts. When you're finished, you will be able to:
- List and describe social and economic influences on Gothic art and architecture
- Detail the style and characteristics of Gothic painting and architecture
- Explain how vaulting in architecture developed
- Discuss the characteristics and style of Gothic sculpture and stained glass windows
- Exhibit knowledge of Gothic style development
- Provide details about the architecture of the Sainte-Chapelle and the Cathedral of Chartres
- Describe the style and influences of English and German Gothic art
1. Social & Economic Influences on Gothic Art & Architecture
The Gothic style redefined medieval Europe, but where did it come from? In this lesson, we'll explore some of the major influences that helped create the Gothic movement.
2. Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics
This lesson follows the development of two trends in Gothic painting: realism and perspective. We explore the origins of these movements in Italian Gothic masters, like Duccio, Giotto and the Lorenzetti Brothers, and their later expression in Northern European illuminations.
3. Classical Influences on Gothic Art & Architecture
Although Gothic artwork was created hundreds of years after the fall of Classical civilization in Western Europe, there were still many examples of Classical influences in Gothic design. Learn more about similarities between the two styles.
4. Gothic Architecture: Style, Characteristics & History
This lesson covers the three main features of Gothic architecture: the pointed arch, the rib vault and the flying buttress. We then look at a slideshow of examples of the Gothic style around Europe.
5. The Development of Vaulting in Architecture
The vault is a major element of medieval architecture. It was often used to support the great weight of large buildings like churches. Learn more about how the vault evolved and contributed to medieval engineering.
6. Symbolic & Liturgical Meanings of Gothic Architecture
In a world of illiteracy, the art and architecture of the church was an important source of religious teaching. Learn how the various parts of the Gothic church helped remind people of their place within the world of medieval Christianity in this lesson.
7. The Architecture of Gothic Churches
Gothic churches were complex structures composed of many different elements. Learn about the construction of Gothic churches both inside and out, including the goals of the people who built them.
8. Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style
In this lesson, we cover the development of Gothic architectural decoration, specifically decorative sculpture and stained glass windows. You'll learn about Gothic use of stained glass and the evolution of sculpture from Romanesque decoration to Gothic statues.
9. The Development of Gothic Style & the Cathedral of Chartres
An early example of Gothic architecture, Chartres Cathedral in France demonstrates how the style developed over time. Learn about the cathedral's development and how it compares to earlier Romanesque buildings as well as later Gothic ones.
10. The Architecture of the Sainte-Chapelle
Sainte-Chapelle, known as the Jewelbox of Europe, is one of the most impressive collections of medieval stained glass in the world. Learn about this and other aspects of this famous French chapel.
11. English & German Gothic Art: Style & Influences
In this lesson, you'll learn how Gothic art started in France and later developed in England and Germany. You'll also discover the architecture, sculpture and other forms of art from this period that evolved outside of France.
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Other chapters within the Art 103: History of Western Art I course
- Understanding the Study of Western Art
- Visual Art During the Prehistoric Era: Paleolithic & Neolithic
- Art in Mesopotamia
- Art in Ancient Egypt
- Art in Aegean Culture & Ancient Greece
- Ancient Roman Architecture, Sculpture & Mosaics
- Jewish & Christian Art in Late Antiquity
- Art & Religion in the Byzantine Empire
- Art in the Islamic World
- Art During the Early Middle Ages in Europe
- Romanesque Art During the Middle Ages in Europe