About This Chapter
Gothic Art - Chapter Summary
The distinct style of Gothic art and architecture was prevalent in Europe for several centuries. This chapter focuses on the different aspects of this style including influences and techniques. There are quizzes for self-assessment following every lesson, and there are instructors available to answer any questions. This chapter will help you:
- Learn about the details of Gothic painting
- Get the facts on the sculpture and stained glass of the Gothic style
- Identify examples of classical influence in Gothic works of art and architecture
- Discuss the formal and iconographic characteristics of Early to Late Gothic figural art
- Distinguish regional differences in Gothic art and architecture
- Explain how social and economic conditions are reflected in Gothic art and architecture
- Identify the details of Gothic churches
- Discuss the symbolic and liturgical meanings of Gothic architecture
- Describe the development of Gothic style using the cathedral at Chartres
- Illustrate and label the plan of Salisbury Cathedral
- Describe the reliquary chapel of Sainte-Chapelle
- Trace the development of vaulting in the Gothic style
1. Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics
This lesson follows the development of two trends in Gothic painting: realism and perspective. We explore the origins of these movements in Italian Gothic masters, like Duccio, Giotto and the Lorenzetti Brothers, and their later expression in Northern European illuminations.
2. Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style
In this lesson, we cover the development of Gothic architectural decoration, specifically decorative sculpture and stained glass windows. You'll learn about Gothic use of stained glass and the evolution of sculpture from Romanesque decoration to Gothic statues.
3. Gothic Architecture: Style, Characteristics & History
This lesson covers the three main features of Gothic architecture: the pointed arch, the rib vault and the flying buttress. We then look at a slideshow of examples of the Gothic style around Europe.
4. Classical Influences on Gothic Art & Architecture
Although Gothic artwork was created hundreds of years after the fall of Classical civilization in Western Europe, there were still many examples of Classical influences in Gothic design. Learn more about similarities between the two styles.
5. Formal & Iconographic Characteristics of Gothic Figural Art
Gothic figural art provided religious education even for those who could not read. A large body of well-known symbols existed to assist viewers in understanding what they were viewing. Learn about the formal and iconographic characteristics of this art.
6. Regional Differences in Gothic Architecture
While the Gothic architectural style was found throughout Europe, there were a variety of regional differences, so that certain features were much more likely to be found in certain countries. Learn how features varied between France, England and Italy.
7. Social & Economic Influences on Gothic Art & Architecture
The Gothic style redefined medieval Europe, but where did it come from? In this lesson, we'll explore some of the major influences that helped create the Gothic movement.
8. The Architecture of Gothic Churches
Gothic churches were complex structures composed of many different elements. Learn about the construction of Gothic churches both inside and out, including the goals of the people who built them.
9. Symbolic & Liturgical Meanings of Gothic Architecture
In a world of illiteracy, the art and architecture of the church was an important source of religious teaching. Learn how the various parts of the Gothic church helped remind people of their place within the world of medieval Christianity in this lesson.
10. The Development of Gothic Style & the Cathedral of Chartres
An early example of Gothic architecture, Chartres Cathedral in France demonstrates how the style developed over time. Learn about the cathedral's development and how it compares to earlier Romanesque buildings as well as later Gothic ones.
11. The Architecture of the Sainte-Chapelle
Sainte-Chapelle, known as the Jewelbox of Europe, is one of the most impressive collections of medieval stained glass in the world. Learn about this and other aspects of this famous French chapel.
12. The Development of Vaulting in Architecture
The vault is a major element of medieval architecture. It was often used to support the great weight of large buildings like churches. Learn more about how the vault evolved and contributed to medieval engineering.
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Other chapters within the Art 101: Art of the Western World course
- The Art of Ancient Egypt
- The Art of the Ancient Near East
- The Art of Ancient Greece
- The Art of Ancient Rome
- Early Christian Art
- Byzantine Art
- The Art of Early Medieval Europe
- Romanesque Art
- Fifteenth-Century Italian Art
- Fifteenth-Century Art of Northern Europe & Spain
- Sixteenth-Century Italian Art
- Sixteenth-Century Art of Northern Europe & Spain
- Baroque Art
- Rococo Art
- Neoclassical Art
- Romanticism in Art
- Realism in Art
- Impressionist Art
- Post-Impressionist Art
- Art of the Early Twentieth Century
- Postwar to Postmodern Art
- Contemporary Art