About This Chapter
Who's It For?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering Middle Ages material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the culture of Medieval Europe. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who want to learn a broad topic in a short amount of time
- Students who are looking for easy ways to identify the most important information on the topic
- Students who have fallen behind in memorizing events and people associated with the government and cultural movements of the Middle Ages
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning world history (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who have limited time to study for an upcoming exam
How It Works:
- Watch each video in the course to review all key topics
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with a short quiz.
- Complete your review with the Government & Culture in the Middle Ages chapter exam.
Why It Works:
- Study Efficiently: The lessons in this course cover only information you need to know.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Take the Government & Culture in the Middle Ages chapter exam to make sure you're prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any questions about the Middle Ages. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students Will Review:
This chapter summarizes the material students need to know about the evolution of government and culture during the Middle Ages for a standard world history course. Topics covered include:
- The history and hierarchy of feudalism
- Charlemagne and the Holy Roman Empire
- The mechanics of a knight's armor
- The development of agrarian technology during the Medieval Warm Period
- The peasant revolts of the 14th century
- Defining characteristics of Gothic architecture, including sculpture and stained glass
- The style of Gothic painting
- The formation and development of modern nation states
1. Feudalism: Charlemagne and the Holy Roman Empire
This lesson explains the rule of Charlemagne and his control over the Holy Roman Empire. It highlights his many military conquests and his divine rights as king, while also focusing on the role feudalism played before, during, and after his reign.
2. Order From Chaos: Establishing Stability through Feudal Ties and Manors
This lesson will explore the impact of feudalism on European society. While explaining the system of feudalism, it will highlight how it offered protection and stability to Europe, specifically after the 5th century fall of Rome.
3. The Technology Behind the Armored Knight
This lesson looks at the technology behind the armored knight. We'll follow the development of medieval armor and the development of the saddle. Finally, we'll look at the implications of this expensive form of warfare.
4. The Medieval Warm Period and New Agricultural Technologies
In this lesson, we explore the factors that brought about Europe's Medieval Agricultural Revolution. We look at the climate of Europe and the key agricultural technologies and techniques that revolutionized agriculture: the heavy plow, the horse collar & the three field crop rotation system.
5. Fourteenth-Century Peasant Revolts Across Europe
Fourteenth-century Europe saw several peasant revolts. This lesson looks at the economic and political conditions that led to these uprisings and names two of the most well-known.
6. Gothic Architecture: Style, Characteristics & History
This lesson covers the three main features of Gothic architecture: the pointed arch, the rib vault and the flying buttress. We then look at a slideshow of examples of the Gothic style around Europe.
7. Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style
In this lesson, we cover the development of Gothic architectural decoration, specifically decorative sculpture and stained glass windows. You'll learn about Gothic use of stained glass and the evolution of sculpture from Romanesque decoration to Gothic statues.
8. Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics
This lesson follows the development of two trends in Gothic painting: realism and perspective. We explore the origins of these movements in Italian Gothic masters, like Duccio, Giotto and the Lorenzetti Brothers, and their later expression in Northern European illuminations.
9. The Formation of Modern Nation States
This lesson explains the formation of the modern nation-states. It will highlight how the decline of feudalism, as well as the decline in church power, helped bring about the modern nation-state. It will also feature several monarchs who ruled during these times.
10. The Middle Ages' Social Class System
This lesson explains the three major classes of Europe in the Middle Ages. Let's work our way from kings to peasant and look at some common misconceptions about the European class system of the Middle Ages.
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Other chapters within the Major Eras in World History Study Guide course
- The Stone Age
- The Bronze & Iron Ages
- Classical Greece
- Rome & the Holy Roman Empire
- Renaissance & Reformation
- World Exploration & Colonization
- Revolution & Independence Movements
- The Industrial Revolution & Enlightenment
- A World at War
- The Cold War Era
- The Hittite Empire
- The Neolithic Age
- The Paleolithic Age
- The Mesolithic Age
- The Iron Age
- Iron Age Cultures
- Stone Age People
- Stone Age Cultures
- The Bronze Age
- Bronze Age Cultures