About This Chapter
Government of France - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
This chapter introduces you to the French Republic's government structure. You'll see the history of the Constitution of the Fifth Republic and find out about the powers held by the executive, legislative and judicial branches of the Republic. Video lessons explore key principles of French laws and assess the role of local governments in the country. At the end of this chapter, you'll be familiar with:
- Major parts of the Constitution
- Checks and balances that limit executive powers
- Roles of the National Assembly and Senate
- Methods for appointing ombudsmen
- Order of authority
|The Government of the French Republic: Overview & History||Examine the history of the French Republic's government and discuss French ministries.|
|The Constitution of the Fifth Republic: History, Development & Major Aspects||Assess the major parts of the Constitution and discuss its history. Understand the movement out of the Fourth French Republic.|
|The Power, Appointment & Structure of the Executive Branch of the French Republic||Describe the role and structure of the executive branch. Discuss how appointments are made and the powers held by this position.|
|Checks & Balances: Internal Limits of the French Executive Branch||Determine how powers of the executive branch are limited by the checks and balances system.|
|The Legislative Branch of the French Republic: The National Assembly & the Senate||Examine the role and powers of the legislative branch. Describe how branch members are appointed.|
|The Judicial Branch of the French Republic: Purpose & Powers||Understand the structure of the judicial branch and see how appointments to this branch are made.|
|Ombudsman of the French Republic: Appointment & Scope of the Office||Discuss the roles and powers held by ombudsmen.|
|Key Principles of French Laws & Regulations||Detail acts passed by the legislative branch and regulations issued by the Prime Minister. Understand the order of authority for sources of the law.|
|The Jurisdictions & Roles of French Local Government||Explain how local government is used in France.|
1. The Government of the French Republic: Overview & History
In this lesson, we discover the three branches of the government of the French Republic and how the writing of the 1958 Constitution of the Fifth Republic changed the nature of these institutions.
2. The Constitution of the Fifth Republic: History, Development & Major Aspects
In this lesson, we explore the Constitution of the Fifth Republic of France, what it contains, and the historical circumstances which led to its writing.
3. The Power, Appointment & Structure of the Executive Branch of the French Republic
In this lesson, we explore the executive branch of the French Republic, the most powerful portion of the French government made up of the president, the prime minister, and the cabinet.
4. Checks & Balances: Internal Limits of the French Executive Branch
In this lesson, we briefly explore the expansive powers of the French executive branch, as well as the internal checks and balances on the power of the French president.
5. The Legislative Branch of the French Republic: The National Assembly & the Senate
In this lesson, we explore the legislative branch of the French Republic, a bicameral branch of government whose power has grown over the past half-century.
6. The Judicial Branch of the French Republic: Purpose & Powers
n this lesson, we explore the French judicial branch, which is the independent branch of government made up of various levels of courts, boards, and councils that administer French justice.
7. Ombudsman of the French Republic: Appointment & Scope of the Office
In this lesson we explore the position of ombudsman in France, fulfilled in the French government by the Mediator of the Republic, created by the French government in 1973.
8. Key Principles of French Laws & Regulations
In this lesson, we explore some of the key processes that govern how law is made in France, from the legislative process to presidential decrees. We'll also discuss the hierarchy of French legal authority.
9. The Jurisdictions & Roles of French Local Government
In this lesson, we explore the regional and local governmental structures of France, their governing roles, and their relationships with the central government in Paris.
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Other chapters within the Western Europe Since 1945 course
- Review of World War II
- The Cold War in Western & Eastern Europe
- The End of the Cold War
- National Developments in the Postwar Period
- The History of the European Union
- The Institutions of The European Union (EU)
- European Government, Political Processes, and Institutions
- European Political Parties
- European Issues and Policies
- Government of the United Kingdom
- Government of Spain
- Government of Germany
- Government of Italy