About This Chapter
Government of the United Kingdom - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Explore the structure of the government in the UK in this chapter and learn about Her Majesty's Government, the powers held by the British Monarchy and the country's 2-house system. You'll find out what role the Act of Settlement played in ensuring a parliamentary system of government and what powers are held by the British government. Professional instructors will also introduce you to the Prime Minister and the British electoral system. When you've watched all the videos in this chapter, you'll know about:
- History of the British Monarchy
- Monarch's role as Head of State and Head of Nation
- Role of the royal family
- Powers held by the Prime Minister and Cabinet
- Structure of the British electoral system
|Overview of the UK Government||Understand the role of Her Majesty's Government in the UK.|
|The History and Power of the British Monarchy||Explain the history of the Monarchy and describe its power.|
|The British Parliament: House of Lords & House of Commons||Examine the role and responsibilities of the 2-house system of British Parliament. Understand how the House of Lords and House of Commons work.|
|The British Sovereign: Head of State & Head of Nation||Assess the monarch's unifying role as British Sovereign.|
|The Act of Settlement: Religious & Governmental Assurances||Discuss the role played by the Act of Settlement to secure Protestant succession to the throne. Explain how the act was used to strengthen the guarantee of a parliamentary government system.|
|The Royal Family: History, Roles & Powers||Discuss the history of the Royal Family and understand its role in UK government.|
|The Monarch's Role in the Government of the UK||Describe the Monarch's ceremonial and formal roles.|
|The Powers of the British Government||Examine the powers held by the British government, including general executive and statutory powers, delegated legislation, powers of appointment and patronage.|
|The Roles & Powers of the Prime Minister & the Cabinet||Detail the roles held by the Prime Minister and Cabinet. Discuss their appointment and exit from office.|
|The British Electoral System: Description & Structure||Outline the structure of the electoral system and describe how it works.|
1. Overview of the UK Government
This lesson will provide a brief overview of the government of the United Kingdom. We will focus especially on the monarch, Parliament, the Prime Minister, and the judicial system.
2. The History and Power of the British Monarchy
In this lesson, we will explore the history of the British monarchy from its early days to modern times. We will pay special attention to the ways in which the monarch's power has changed throughout the centuries.
3. The British Parliament: House of Lords & House of Commons
In this lesson, we will take a close look at the British Parliament, paying special attention to the membership and roles of the House of Commons and the House of Lords.
4. The Act of Settlement: Religious & Governmental Assurances
In this lesson, we will discuss the 1701 Act of Settlement, which established the Protestant succession of the British throne and offered Parliament some important guarantees.
5. The Royal Family: History, Roles & Powers
In this lesson, we will discuss the British royal family, the Windsors. We will study the family's history, meet its current members, and discover its primary roles and powers.
6. The Monarch's Role in the Government of the UK
In this lesson, we will explore the role of the British monarch in the daily business of the government of the United Kingdom. We will also look closely at the monarch's overall position in the country.
7. The Roles & Powers of the Prime Minister & the Cabinet
In this lesson, we will examine the roles and duties of the British prime minister and Cabinet. We will pay close attention to how the prime minister and Cabinet members obtain their positions.
8. The British Electoral System: Description & Structure
In this lesson, we will examine the British electoral system. We will pay close attention to constituencies, political parties, and the First-Past-the-Post system.
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Other chapters within the History 109: Western Europe Since 1945 course
- Review of World War II
- The Cold War in Western & Eastern Europe
- The End of the Cold War
- National Developments in the Postwar Period
- The History of the European Union
- The Institutions of The European Union (EU)
- European Government, Political Processes, and Institutions
- European Political Parties
- European Issues and Policies
- Government of France
- Government of Spain
- Government of Germany
- Government of Italy