About This Chapter
Grammar and Usage - Chapter Summary
This chapter provides expert instruction on several elements of English grammar and usage. The chapter discusses the purposes of various parts of speech, such as pronouns, adjectives and adverbs, and offers illustrative examples to help you fully comprehend each concept. You'll also learn how to avoid common grammar errors and mistakes. After finishing this chapter, you should be able to:
- Identify and eliminate sentence fragments, comma splices and run-on sentences
- Understand verb tense and subject-verb agreement
- Know the purpose of personal, relative, reflexive, interrogative and possessive pronouns
- Define demonstrative pronouns
- Recognize antecedents, compound antecedents and modifiers
- Compare adjectives and adverbs
These engaging lessons are taught by professional English professors who present the material in a simple and straightforward manner. To make the learning process enjoyable and convenient, you can quickly find the information you need through the course dashboard and interactive video timelines. The chapter also comes with various supplemental materials, including lesson transcripts and self-assessment quizzes.
1. Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences
Sentence fragments, comma splices, and run-on sentences are grammatical and stylistic bugs that can seriously derail an otherwise polished academic paper. Learn how to identify and eliminate these errors in your own writing here.
2. Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement
Learn all about verb tense and subject-verb agreement in our first lesson on this tricky topic. We'll look at examples to help you understand this concept.
3. Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns
Subject-verb agreement is a tricky beast. Learn which uncommon singular and plural nouns and pronouns are most likely to trip you up when trying to craft essays with good grammar.
4. Complex Subject-Verb Agreement: Inverted Order, Compound Subjects & Interrupting Phrases
Learn how subject-verb agreement is essential to written language. Three common problems with subject-verb agreement are discussed with tips for avoiding the most common errors.
5. What Are Personal Pronouns?
Pronouns are great for making sure debaters don't have to keep repeating the other guy's name over and over again, but they have many other uses too! In fact, pronouns, you could say, make reading readable. In part one, we'll cover personal pronouns and how they're used before moving on to more esoteric varieties.
6. Pronouns: Relative, Reflexive, Interrogative & Possessive
In this lesson, we'll look at relative, reflexive, interrogative and possessive pronouns. We'll do this by antagonizing our friend Gary with the whos, whats, whoms, and whichevers that make up these pronouns.
7. Possessive Pronouns & Contractions: Definition & Examples
In writing, many people get possessive pronouns and contractions confused. In this lesson, we'll discuss the differences between the two, as well as how to use apostrophes in order to form contractions.
8. Demonstrative Pronouns: Definition & Examples
This lesson defines and explains the grammatical use of the English words called demonstratives. It describes how these parts of speech function as pronouns and adjectives, as well as their relationship to nouns. The lesson includes a short quiz.
9. What is an Antecedent? - Definition, Meaning & Examples
If you have a pronoun in a sentence, you'll also need to have an antecedent. In this lesson, find out what an antecedent is as well as some of the basic rules for avoiding vague pronoun references and for making sure that you have pronoun-antecedent agreement.
10. Compound Antecedents: Definition & Examples
You may know already that an antecedent and its pronoun must agree in number. In this lesson, you'll learn about compound antecedents and the various rules involving how they can be made to agree with pronouns.
11. Personal Pronouns and Antecedents: Number Agreement
In this lesson, you'll learn how to avoid one of the most common grammatical mistakes in writing by learning how to ensure that all of the antecedents in your writing agree in number with the pronouns that they're matched up with.
12. Modifier: Examples & Definition
In this lesson, we will explore the role of the modifier in the English language. You will learn how boring sentences would be without modifiers such as adjectives and adverbs. After the lesson, test yourself with a quiz.
13. Comparison of Adjectives & Adverbs: Examples, Sentences & Exercises
Adjectives and adverbs are descriptive words that allow our sentences to be much more specific and interesting than they would be without them. This lesson covers the rules for using adjectives and adverbs correctly, including those used in comparisons.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Virginia Communication & Literacy Assessment (VCLA): Practice & Study Guide course
- Understanding Meaning of Words & Phrases
- Main Idea & Supporting Details in Written Works
- Analysis & Evaluation of Text
- Summarizing & Analyzing Textual Information
- Writing Knowledge & Proficiency
- Organizing a Written Work
- Elements of Punctuation & Grammar
- Revising & Editing Your Writing
- Effective Essay Writing
- Virginia Communication & Literacy Assessment (VCLA) Flashcards