About This Chapter
Grammar Conventions in English - Chapter Summary
Use this chapter to review everything from sentence structure to punctuation use. Lessons begin with tips for writing parallel sentences, avoiding mixed structure sentences and maintaining subject-verb agreement in sentences with inverted word order, compound subjects and interrupting phrases. You'll also review capitalization rules and learn to recognize commonly confused words.
The remaining lessons focus on the use of punctuation. Colons and semicolons, exclamation marks, parentheses, dashes and hyphens are just some of the topics discussed. By the time you get to the end of this chapter, you'll have reviewed the following:
- Subject-verb agreement
- Sentence structure
- Capitalization rules
- Commonly confused words
- Punctuation use
If you need a self-paced resource to review grammar basics, you've come to the right place. These videos feature timelines that allow you to skip ahead to the topics you're interested in studying, and the transcripts could prove useful if you need a quick refresher on key grammar and punctuation terms. Plus, you can access any of these materials from either a computer or mobile device.
1. Punctuation: Using Colons, Semicolons & Periods
Periods, colons, and semicolons all have the ability to stop a sentence in its tracks, but for very different purposes. In this lesson, learn how and why we use them in our writing.
2. Complex Subject-Verb Agreement: Inverted Order, Compound Subjects & Interrupting Phrases
Learn how subject-verb agreement is essential to written language. Three common problems with subject-verb agreement are discussed with tips for avoiding the most common errors.
3. Parallelism: How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences
Sentences that aren't parallel sound funny, even if they look perfectly correct at first glance. Learn what makes a sentence parallel, how to revise a sentence to make it parallel, and how to write beautiful, balanced sentences of your own.
4. Sentence Structure: Identify and Avoid 'Mixed Structure' Sentences
A mixed structure sentence is a common error that occurs when a writer starts a sentence with one structure but switches to a different structure in the middle of the sentence. This video will teach you how to spot and avoid this type of error.
5. Commonly Confused Words in English
Is it 'accept' or 'except?' 'Affect' or 'effect?' How do you know when to use 'there,' 'their,' or 'they're?' Watch this video lesson to learn about some confusing words in English and how to properly use each one.
6. Capitalization Rules in Writing
Capitalization is a very important concept in standard grammar in the written form of the English language. Watch this video lesson to learn what capitalization is and when to use it.
7. Question Mark: Definition & Use
A question mark (?) is a form of punctuation placed at the end of a sentence. Its main purpose is to specify a query or question. In this lesson, we will take a look at when you should and should not use a question mark in your writing.
8. Exclamation Mark: Use & Meaning
The exclamation mark (!), also called the exclamation point, is a form of punctuation that is sometimes used at the end of a single word, phrase or complete sentence. Its goal is to express an extremely strong and intense statement.
9. Apostrophe: Use & Examples
In this lesson, we will learn about the apostrophe and how it's useful to us. See a few examples of common apostrophe mistakes and learn how to correct them.
10. Parentheses and Dashes: Correct Usage
Parentheses and dashes are two different (but often confused) ways of setting off a chunk of information within a sentence - do you know how to use them correctly?
11. Using Hyphens, Brackets, Ellipses & Quotation Marks
Writing not only consists of letters and words but many forms of punctuation. Watch this video lesson to learn about four types of punctuation: hyphens, brackets, ellipses, and quotation marks.
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Other chapters within the ORELA Middle Grades English Language Arts: Practice & Study Guide course
- Reading Foundations
- Structure, Analysis & Word Meanings in English
- Strategies for Acquiring New Vocabulary in English
- Figures of Speech & Meaning
- Reading and Comprehension Strategies
- Organization of Written Works
- Climax & Plot in Written Works
- Themes in Written Works
- Types of Literary Fiction
- Essay Types & Literary Genres
- Significant Authors, Poets & Literary Works
- Points of View in Literature
- Strategies for Reading Informational Texts
- Strategies for Reading Persuasive Texts
- Analyzing & Interpreting Nonfiction
- Analyzing & Interpreting Literary Fiction
- Analyzing & Interpreting Literary Drama
- Analyzing & Interpreting Poetry
- Analyzing & Interpreting Prose
- Noun & Verb Usage in the English Language
- Phrases & Clauses in English
- Types of Sentences in English
- Modifiers in the English Language
- Comma Rules in English
- Spelling Rules in English
- Precision & Clarity in Writing
- Descriptive Writing Basics
- Effective Composition Writing
- The Writing Process
- Research Writing
- Narrative Writing Strategies
- Expository Writing Strategies
- Persuasive Writing Strategies
- Effective Listening Strategies
- Public Speaking Strategies
- Viewing & Presenting Images
- ORELA Middle Grades English Language Arts Flashcards