About This Chapter
Grammar, Parts of Speech & Sentence Construction - Chapter Summary
These short and engaging English lessons are designed to help you quickly review the parts of speech, grammar rules and the proper construction of sentences. Follow along as our expert English instructors define and illustrate the uses of adjectives, pronouns, parallel sentences, surface structure, question tags and more. Reviewing these lessons will equip you to:
- Understand the rules and usage of relative pronouns, modal auxiliary verbs, phrasal verbs, adjectives, modal adverbs, propositions and determiners
- Identify errors related to noun-pronoun agreement, subject-verb agreement and verb tense
- Differentiate between the active and passive voice
- Recognize parallel sentences
- Evaluate the function of surface structure
- Know why question tags are used in writing
Following each lesson is a short quiz to help you retain the information you've studied. Our instructors are available to answer your questions and our printable lesson transcripts are available to help you study offline. Lessons can be reviewed as many times as needed, and you'll be able to access the chapter at any time that's convenient.
1. Relative Pronouns: Definition & Examples
Relative pronouns are words that introduce dependent clauses in sentences called relative clauses. They can also stand alone. In this lesson, we will explore the various roles of relative pronouns.
2. Identifying Errors in Agreement for Nouns & Pronouns
Agreement does not just mean sharing the same opinion. In grammar, agreement means so much more. Watch this video lesson to learn how agreement works in our sentences.
3. Modal Auxiliary Verbs: Definition, Uses & Examples
Modal auxiliary verbs are easy to use because they never change form or tense. These verbs are full of possibilities! In fact, possibility is just one thing modal auxiliary verbs can show; they can also indicate necessity, capability, or willingness.
4. Phrasal Verbs: Definition & Examples
Phrasal verbs are verbs that contain more than one word. In this lesson, we'll learn about the roles of phrasal verbs and when they can and cannot be separated in a sentence.
5. Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement
Learn all about verb tense and subject-verb agreement in our first lesson on this tricky topic. We'll look at examples to help you understand this concept.
6. Identifying Subject-Verb Agreement Errors
It's important that the subject and verb in every sentence agree in number. While it's often easy to make this happen, there are a few situations in which it can be tricky to achieve subject-verb agreement. This lesson explains how you can be sure to pair the right verb with a subject.
7. Identifying Errors of Verb Tense
In order to identify verb tense errors, you'll need to learn about the six verb tenses and how they differ. Once you know how to look for them, problematic shifts in verb tenses can be spotted and avoided easily.
8. What are Adjectives? - Definition & Examples
Adjectives are what give detail and engage the senses in our writing. This lesson defines and illustrates adjectives and descriptive detail in writing and speaking. Nouns and verbs are briefly reviewed.
9. Modal Adverbs: Definition, Interpretation & Examples
Modal adverbs are adverbs of emphasis that sometimes accompany modal verb forms. In this lesson, we'll talk about what these adverbs do and how they work in expressing meaning in language.
10. What is a Preposition? - Definition, Uses & Examples
Prepositions are essential to sentences because they provide additional and necessary details. In this lesson, we will explore the definition and roles of the preposition.
11. Determiners: Definition, Types & Usage
In the English language, determiners are used to clarify and emphasize nouns. Determiners have many types, including articles, demonstratives, quantifiers, and possessives. In this lesson, we will cover the definition, types, and uses of determiners.
12. Active and Passive Voice
You may have heard your teachers toss around the terms 'passive voice' and 'active voice'. But if you've never really understood what it means to write actively or passively, stick with us -- and learn how to turn to awkward passive sentences into bright, active ones.
13. Parallelism: How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences
Sentences that aren't parallel sound funny, even if they look perfectly correct at first glance. Learn what makes a sentence parallel, how to revise a sentence to make it parallel, and how to write beautiful, balanced sentences of your own.
14. What is Surface Structure? - Definition & Examples
You can do a lot more than just scratch the surface in this lesson on surface structure. Learn more about this feature of a sentence and see it in action with a few examples!
15. Question Tags: Definition & Examples
A question tag is a question that comes at the end of a sentence. In this lesson, we will learn about question tags and go through a series of examples to get a firm hold on this English language grammar concept.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.