About This Chapter
Standard: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
About This Chapter
Students who have grasped the content of this core standard are able to identify and use personal pronouns, recognize and create parallel sentence structure, and formulate and utilize different kinds of clauses and phrases. In addition, they understand the purpose and appropriate usage of more complicated pronoun types.
This standard's lessons address the following topics:
- Understanding the importance of parallelism and how to utilize it
- Recognizing and correctly using personal pronouns
- Knowing when and how to use reflexive, interrogative, possessive, and relative pronouns
- Distinguishing between dependent and independent clauses
- Identifying relative, adverbial, and noun clauses
- Using various types of phrases (such as adjectival, gerund, prepositional, etc.)
Understanding of these lessons shows up in students' ability to write complete and well-constructed sentences. Students are also able to use correct case when employing pronouns and choose the proper form of more nuanced pronoun types. This awareness of language and sentence structure lends itself to writing that is free of grammatical mistakes and accurately conveys what students are aiming to say.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Here are some strategies for using these tutorials to complement instruction in the CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.9-10.1 standard:
Watch the parallelism lesson as a class, or assign it to students as homework. During a class session, display examples of sentences that lack parallel structure and ask the students as a group for suggestions about how to correctly rephrase them. Then provide students with pairs of sentences and have them identify by themselves which one demonstrates parallelism.
Complex Pronoun Lessons
Show the video on relative, reflexive, etc., pronouns in class. Then offer students sentences with blanks where these types of pronouns would be. Provide two pronoun options for each blank, and ask the students to choose the correct one.
Lessons in Identifying and Composing Clauses
After viewing the independent and dependent clauses video, give students a list of clauses and ask them to identify whether they are dependent or independent. Then, for each example, ask students to form either a complete or a more specific sentence by writing a new clause of the other type to join with the clause already provided.
Lessons in Using Phrases
Assign the lesson on types of phrases as homework. During the next class lecture, show students a painting alongside some generic sentences that describe it. Invite the students to create phrases to add to the sentences to make them more descriptive of what the painting actually looks like. As each phrase is offered, see if the student can identify what type it is so the class can see how different kinds of phrases can be used to improve communication.
1. Parallelism: How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences
Sentences that aren't parallel sound funny, even if they look perfectly correct at first glance. Learn what makes a sentence parallel, how to revise a sentence to make it parallel, and how to write beautiful, balanced sentences of your own.
2. Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination & Coordination
This lesson is about independent and dependent clauses, and how they make up a sentence. Dependent clauses, like the name suggests, rely on other elements in a sentence. Independent clauses, on the other hand, can stand alone. Learn more in this lesson.
3. What Are Personal Pronouns?
Pronouns are great for making sure debaters don't have to keep repeating the other guy's name over and over again, but they have many other uses too! In fact, pronouns, you could say, make reading readable. In part one, we'll cover personal pronouns and how they're used before moving on to more esoteric varieties.
4. Pronouns: Relative, Reflexive, Interrogative & Possessive
In this lesson, we'll look at relative, reflexive, interrogative and possessive pronouns. We'll do this by antagonizing our friend Gary with the whos, whats, whoms, and whichevers that make up these pronouns.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Language Grades 9-10: Standards course