About This Chapter
Grammar & Usage - Chapter Summary
These lessons provide an overview of general grammar and usage rules in an engaging video format. You'll learn how to structure a sentence when writing an essay and get an introduction to gerunds, infinities and participles. These lessons help you understand the use of verbs in indicative and interrogative moods and provide an overview of adjectival and adverbial phrases. The videos in this chapter cover topics such as:
- Sentence structure
- Modifiers, including misplaced and dangling
- Phrases and clauses
- Functions of verbals
- Active and passive tense
- Types of verbs
- Shifts in verb voice and mood
- Prepositional phrases
- Types of clauses
This chapter includes multiple entertaining video lessons that are taught by experienced instructors as well as transcripts that highlight key terms and multiple-choice quizzes. There is also a chapter exam available to test your grammar and writing mechanic knowledge and help you determine when you are ready to move on to the next topic.
1. What is a Phrase?
In this lesson, we will define a phrase. We will then discuss the different kinds of phrases, look at examples of each, and then discuss how to use them correctly in writing.
2. What is a Clause?
In this lesson, we will define what a clause is. We will then look at the different types of clauses, define each of the types, provide some examples of each, and then discuss why they are important in our writing.
3. Adverb Clauses: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we will review the adverb clause. The adverb clause lets readers know when, where, how, and why something happens in a sentence. Without adverb clauses, sentences are definitely less interesting.
4. What Are Misplaced Modifiers and Dangling Modifiers?
I have this recurring nightmare where all my modifiers are misplaced or dangling and everybody's laughing at me. Don't let this happen to you! Learn why modifiers are important and why putting them in the right place is even more so.
5. Types of Sentences: Simple, Compound & Complex
Sentences can be categorized as simple, compound, and complex. In this lesson, you'll learn about all three, break down example sentences, and test yourself at the end with a short quiz.
6. Compound-Complex Sentence: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you'll learn what a compound-complex sentence is, and how to use compound-complex sentences to make your writing more interesting. Take a look at some examples, and then test your knowledge with a quiz.
7. What is an Antecedent? - Definition, Meaning & Examples
If you have a pronoun in a sentence, you'll also need to have an antecedent. In this lesson, find out what an antecedent is as well as some of the basic rules for avoiding vague pronoun references and for making sure that you have pronoun-antecedent agreement.
8. Correcting Inappropriate Shifts in Pronouns
Pronouns are often a part of speech that are overlooked and misused. This lesson focuses on how to identify and correct erroneous shifts in pronoun use.
9. Functions of Verbals: Gerunds, Participles, and Infinitives
Sometimes verbs are cleverly masked as different parts of speech and are known as 'verbals.' In this lesson, we will learn the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, and infinitives) and look at how they operate in different types of sentences.
10. Active and Passive Voice
You may have heard your teachers toss around the terms 'passive voice' and 'active voice'. But if you've never really understood what it means to write actively or passively, stick with us -- and learn how to turn to awkward passive sentences into bright, active ones.
11. Verbs in Indicative, Imperative, Interrogative, Conditional & Subjunctive Moods
Every sentence communicates a mood. If someone is ordering you to do something, he or she is using an imperative sentence. Find out how to identify and use indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional and subjunctive moods in this lesson.
12. Parallelism: How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences
Sentences that aren't parallel sound funny, even if they look perfectly correct at first glance. Learn what makes a sentence parallel, how to revise a sentence to make it parallel, and how to write beautiful, balanced sentences of your own.
13. How to Identify & Use Adjectival & Adverbial Phrases
Adjectives and adverbs are just the first step to describing other words. More often our descriptions come in the form of phrases. This lesson discusses identifying and using adjectival and adverbial phrases.
14. What is a Prepositional Phrase? - Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we will examine the prepositional phrase, a grammatical tool that acts very much like an adjective or adverb. In other words, this type of phrase provides additional information about a noun or verb. Read on to learn how it works.
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