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Ch 23: GRE Biology: Female Reproductive Structures

About This Chapter

Watch these engaging video lessons to review female reproductive structures. Each lesson includes a quiz to help you assess your comprehension of the material.

GRE Biology: Female Reproductive Structures - Chapter Summary

Ensure that you have a solid grasp of female reproductive structures by viewing the lessons in this chapter. Each of these brief and informative video lessons discusses the anatomy and various cycles of the female reproductive system. Lessons in this chapter cover:

  • Internal and external anatomy of the female reproductive system
  • Ovarian cycle from puberty to menopause
  • Uterine cycle, including the proliferative and secretory phases
  • Female reproductive axis
  • The oocyte's path through the uterine tubes and implantation

The lessons are designed to provide an easy and fun way to refresh your knowledge of female reproductive structures. You may watch each video lesson as often as you would like to be sure you understand the content of the lesson. We also offer a chapter test to give you an additional tool to verify your mastery of the concepts discussed in the female reproductive structures chapter.

GRE Biology Objectives

The GRE subject tests are achievement tests in one of seven disciplines, including biology. The GRE biology subject test is broken down into three areas: cellular and molecular biology, organismal biology, and ecology and evolution. Questions regarding animal reproduction and development, which includes female reproductive structures, comprise 6% of the biology test. The GRE biology subject test includes 190 multiple-choice questions with five answer choices provided for each question. Our lessons about female reproductive structures cover the topics you will need to know for the actual test.

13 Lessons in Chapter 23: GRE Biology: Female Reproductive Structures
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Female Reproductive System: Internal Anatomy

1. Female Reproductive System: Internal Anatomy

The female reproductive system has multiple structures with specific purposes and functions. Learn about the internal anatomy of the female reproductive system, including the ovaries, cervix, uterine tubes, and uterus.

The Uterus and Uterine Wall: Structure and Parts

2. The Uterus and Uterine Wall: Structure and Parts

The uterus is a female reproductive organ that is essential for proper fetal development. Learn about the function of the uterus and uterine wall, the three layers of the uterus (perimetrium, myometrium, & endometrium), and how each layer functions in the proper development of a fetus.

External Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System

3. External Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System

The external anatomy of the female reproductive system involves six main structures developed from the same tissues that make the male's external genitals. Learn about the skin folds in the vulva and explore the female erectile structures, including the clitoris and vestibular bulbs.

HPG Axis: Hormonal Control of the Ovarian Cycle

4. HPG Axis: Hormonal Control of the Ovarian Cycle

The female HPG axis involves the hypothalamus, anterior pituitary and female gonads (or ovaries) and allows the brain to communicate with the ovaries using hormones. Explore the function of the HPG axis, GnRH patterns, LH and FSH hormones, and HPG signaling.

Phases of The Ovarian Cycle: Overview from Puberty to Menopause

5. Phases of The Ovarian Cycle: Overview from Puberty to Menopause

The ovarian cycle functions in phases from puberty to menopause. Explore the two parts of the ovarian cycle, how timing is involved, the puberty and menopause cycles, and the two phases of reproduction.

Follicular Phase of the Ovarian Cycle

6. Follicular Phase of the Ovarian Cycle

During the ovarian cycle, the oocyte, which is the female gamete, grows and matures through different phases, the first of which is the follicular phase. Explore the stages in the follicular phase, including primordial follicle, primary follicle, secondary follicle, tertiary follicle, and ovulation.

Luteal Phase of the Ovarian Cycle

7. Luteal Phase of the Ovarian Cycle

The luteal phase or post-ovulatory phase of the ovarian cycle occurs immediately after the ovaries release an egg. Learn what happens after ovulation occurs and discover when the formation of the corpus luteum takes place.

The Uterine Cycle: Phases and Endometrial Changes

8. The Uterine Cycle: Phases and Endometrial Changes

Hormonal changes trigger the phases the female reproduction system goes through over the course of about 28 days. Explore how the phases and endometrial changes specific to the uterine cycle prepare the female body for the implantation of a fertilized egg.

The Uterine Cycle: Menses

9. The Uterine Cycle: Menses

The uterine cycle is also called the menses or menstrual cycle which takes place each month in preparation for a possible pregnancy. Learn about the menstrual cycle including why and how it occurs.

The Uterine Cycle: Proliferative Phase

10. The Uterine Cycle: Proliferative Phase

The proliferative phase of the uterine cycle is where the endometrium of the uterus is rebuilt. Learn about the uterine cycle, endometrial zones, and the proliferative phase.

The Uterine Cycle: Secretory Phase

11. The Uterine Cycle: Secretory Phase

The secretory phase of the uterine cycle (menses) is when a suitable environment is created for an incoming embryo. Discover more about the secretory phase and its relationship to the uterine glands, progesterone, and fertilization.

The Female Reproductive Axis: Coordination of the Brain, Ovaries & Uterus

12. The Female Reproductive Axis: Coordination of the Brain, Ovaries & Uterus

The female brain emits hormones to let the ovaries know it's time to start the female reproductive process. Learn how the coordination of the brain, ovaries, and uterus results in a continuous, integrated system to prepare the body for reproduction.

Ovulation to Implantation: Oocyte's Path through Uterine Tubes

13. Ovulation to Implantation: Oocyte's Path through Uterine Tubes

Ovulation to implantation involves the journey of the oocyte through uterine tubes. Explore how the egg leaves the ovary and travels down the uterine tube, what happens to the egg if it is not fertilized, and the process of fertilization and cellular division.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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More Exams
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