Copyright

Ch 3: GRE Psychology: Learning

About This Chapter

Review the major theories behind how learning occurs and the application of conditioning. The various learning concepts are clearly illustrated through the featured video lessons and quizzes.

Learning - Chapter Summary

Gain a solid understanding of numerous learning processes through this chapter's effective and engaging lessons. The short video lessons focus on the major conditioning approaches and associated limitations. Lessons in this chapter cover:

  • Classical conditioning
  • John Watson and his Little Albert experiment
  • Operant conditioning and shaping
  • The prisoner's dilemma
  • Observation
  • Conditioning's limits
  • The social-cognitive learning theory

This chapter's lessons contain key terms, figures and experiments in the study of learning in addition to practice questions and quizzes to gauge understanding of the material. Covered topics are individually illustrated in helpful video lessons that reinforce the main ideas behind learning.

GRE Psychology Objectives

The GRE Psychology Test is a subject test taken to demonstrate expertise for admission to advanced degree programs. The multiple-choice learning questions account for up to 5% of the psychology subject test. All of the learning topics you will be tested on are covered by our lessons. Some of the goals for these lessons are as follows:

  • Discerning the difference between unconditioned and conditioned stimuli and responses
  • Correct application of operant conditioning
  • Understanding how learning occurs and is influenced simply through observation
  • Application of the prisoner's dilemma as an illustration of competing vs. cooperating

The GRE Psychology Test includes roughly 200 multiple-choice questions with each question presenting a total of 5 answer options. The learning questions fall under the experimental category of the test and may require recall, recognition, application or research design evaluation.

10 Lessons in Chapter 3: GRE Psychology: Learning
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Behavioral, Cognitive, Developmental, Social Cognitive & Constructivist Perspectives

1. Behavioral, Cognitive, Developmental, Social Cognitive & Constructivist Perspectives

How do different people learn? Not everyone agrees. In educational psychology, there are many differing perspectives. This lesson will differentiate between the following psychological perspectives: behavioral, cognitive, developmental, social cognitive and constructivist.

Classical Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Principles & Examples

2. Classical Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Principles & Examples

Can you be conditioned to associate something new with something else you naturally respond to? In this lesson, we'll take a look at a famous psychological experiment that tested how brains have the ability to automatically react to new stimuli if it's conditioned correctly.

Operant Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Theory & Examples

3. Operant Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Theory & Examples

How do we adapt our behaviors to our advantage? Can we learn from punishment and reward? With operant conditioning, our behaviors are shaped based off the responses we get from them.

What is Shaping in Psychology? - Definition & Examples

4. What is Shaping in Psychology? - Definition & Examples

How can teachers shape the behavior of their students? In this lesson, you'll not only discover how a pigeon learned how to bowl, but you'll also study the steps required to shape complex acts into continuous behaviors.

Schedules of Reinforcement in Psychology: Continuous & Partial

5. Schedules of Reinforcement in Psychology: Continuous & Partial

Have you ever wondered how our behavior is conditioned? How does the timing of rewards affect our behavior and our learning? In this lesson, we'll take a close look at how reinforcement scheduling can influence how fast we learn a behavior and how well the behavior is maintained.

What is the Prisoner's Dilemma? - Albert Tucker & Game Theory

6. What is the Prisoner's Dilemma? - Albert Tucker & Game Theory

Do you make decisions based on your own self- interest? In this lesson, we'll take a look at the famous 'prisoner's dilemma' game to see if individuals, when faced with a competitive or cooperative decision, will choose selfish or selfless outcomes.

Observational vs. Insight Learning: Albert Bandura & Wolfgang Kohler

7. Observational vs. Insight Learning: Albert Bandura & Wolfgang Kohler

Do you learn through observation or through sudden understanding? In this lesson, we'll take a look at two different methods of learning, which can affect your behavior and problem-solving ability.

Biological Limits on Conditioning: Taste Aversion, the Garcia Effect & Instincts

8. Biological Limits on Conditioning: Taste Aversion, the Garcia Effect & Instincts

How can biological influences affect conditioning? Have you ever had food poisoning? In this lesson, you'll see how natural responses can accelerate or hinder conditioning.

Social-Cognitive Learning Theory: Definition and Examples

9. Social-Cognitive Learning Theory: Definition and Examples

Have you learned behaviors or skills from observing others? Maybe you have learned from observing a teacher, friend, or supervisor. We acquire new knowledge and skills from a variety of methods. This lesson will introduce the concepts of the social-cognitive theory, which focuses on the learning that occurs within a social context.

Primary Reinforcers: Definition & Examples

10. Primary Reinforcers: Definition & Examples

In this lesson, you will learn what primary reinforcers are and look at three everyday examples to help you better understand the concept. Then, you can test your knowledge with a short quiz.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support