About This Chapter
GRE Psychology: Memory - Chapter Summary
This chapter's lessons, delivered in video format, give you a fun way to brush up on several important memory topics that could be on the GRE Psychology Test. Upon completion of the chapter, you should be ready for questions on any of the following topics:
- Information processing
- The two-store model of memory
- How short-term memory works
- Mnemonic devices
- How retrieval can be improved
- Top-down and bottom-up processing
- Perceptual development
- Memory distortion
- Kinds of heuristics
- Levels of concepts
Take a practice quiz after each lesson to verify your familiarity with the content. If you'd like to rewatch anything, the handy video tags allow you to easily track down previous segments.
GRE Psychology: Memory Chapter Objectives
The GRE Psychology Test helps admissions offices gauge how you'd do in a psychology graduate degree program. The test has a total of around 205 multiple-choice questions. Between 7 and 9% of the test consists of memory content.
1. What is Cognition?
People think in different ways, and thoughts are an important part of who you are. In this lesson, we'll look at cognition, including two common types of cognition: reasoning and heuristics.
2. The Two-Store Model of Memory: Types of Memory and Storage
Do you remember your first day of school? This lesson discusses the foundational concepts behind all memories, including basic types of memory and the process all memories must go through for success: encoding, storage and retrieval.
3. Short-Term Memory: How STM Works
All memories must first pass through short-term memory (STM) before becoming permanent. But how does STM really work? This lesson covers several aspects of STM, including why it seems to be an auditory-based system, how much information can be stored and the serial position curve.
4. Improving Retrieval of Memories: Mnemonic Devices
When you have to study for a test and you need to remember a large amount of information, what strategies do you use to help your memory? These strategies are called mnemonic devices. This lesson covers several well-known mnemonic devices, such as chunking, the method of loci and the keyword technique.
5. Retrieving Long-Term Memories: Interference, Amnesia & State-Dependent Memory
Have you ever been sure that you know something but simply can't pull it out of your memory? This frustrating experience is a lack of retrieval, and this lesson discusses several aspects of successful retrieval, including retroactive and proactive interference, state-dependent memory and different forms of amnesia.
6. Attention and Top-Down vs. Bottom-Up Processing
Are you a big-picture person or do you get caught up in the details? Explore two ways that you can use your cognitive resources to focus your attention. This lesson provides both the details and the big picture for top-down and bottom-up processing.
7. Memory Distortion: Source Amnesia, Misinformation Effect & Choice-Supportive Bias
With all the information we learn and process every day, it can be difficult to remember things accurately. Because of this, our memory can become distorted. In this lesson, we'll learn how our brain can trick us into falsely remembering details of our past experiences.
8. Types of Heuristics: Availability, Representativeness & Base-Rate
Did you know that our brain uses strategies to process information and draw conclusions? Although we're able to reach conclusions through these mental strategies, sometimes, our reasoning can be off. Read on to discover how our brain draws these conclusions and why they can be wrong.
9. Using Concepts to Classify the World
What has wings, feathers, and lives in a nest? That's not a riddle; it's a concept. Watch this lesson to find out more about what concepts are, what a prototype is, and how typicality influences the way you think about the world.
10. Types of Concepts: Superordinate, Subordinate, and Basic
When I say 'home,' what do you picture? Mansion, apartment, or shack? Home, like many other things, is a concept. In this lesson, we'll explore what a concept is and the three general levels of concepts: superordinate, basic, and subordinate.
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Other chapters within the GRE Psychology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- GRE Psychology: History & Development of Modern Psychology
- GRE Psychology: Research Methods Used in the Study of Psychology
- GRE Psychology: Learning
- GRE Psychology: Language
- GRE Psychology: Thinking
- GRE Psychology: Sensation and Perception
- GRE Psychology: Physiological/Behavioral Neuroscience
- GRE Psychology: States of Consciousness
- GRE Psychology: Motivation, Arousal, Emotion
- GRE Psychology: Clinical Psychology
- GRE Psychology: Clinical Assessment
- GRE Psychology: Abnormal Psychology
- GRE Psychology: Treatment Methods for Psychological Disorders
- GRE Psychology: Lifespan Development
- GRE Psychology: Theoretical Foundations of Lifespan Development
- GRE Psychology: Areas of Lifespan Development
- GRE Psychology: Personality
- GRE Psychology: Social Psychology
- GRE Psychology Flashcards