About This Chapter
GRE Psychology: Personality - Chapter Summary
These short, engaging video lessons will make sure that you have a solid understanding of a number of different personality theories and how personality is studied. Once you've finished the lessons, you should be able to tackle GRE Psychology questions on any of these topics:
- Behavioral genetics
- The superego, ego and id
- Freudian defense mechanisms
- Freud's psychosexual development stages
- The theories of Carl Jung
- Adler's personality development theories
- Humanistic psychology
- Humorism and phrenology
- The nomothetic and idiographic approaches
- Temperament theories
These videos can conveniently be watched from a computer, tablet or smartphone. You can confirm your familiarity with the different personality topics by taking each lesson's practice quiz.
GRE Psychology: Personality Chapter Objectives
The GRE Psychology Test helps determine whether you're qualified for graduate-level programs in psychology. The test consists of roughly 200 multiple-choice questions. Items on personality make up between 3-5% of the test.
1. Intro to Personality
You put two people in the same situation and, odds are, they'll react in a range of different ways. Some people might even react in a completely unexpected or extreme way. Why is this? Read this lesson for insight into personality types and what makes people tick the way they do.
2. Types of Studies in Behavioral Genetics: Twin, Family & Adoption
Are you destined to inherit your mother's penchant for collecting old postcards or your father's constant worry that something bad is about to happen? Find out with this lesson, which delves into the world of genetic and environmental behaviors and personality traits.
3. Freud's Theory of the Id, Ego & Superego: Definitions & Examples
Do you know who or what is behind the metaphorical angel and devil sitting on your shoulders, debating whether you should get up for a jog or hit the snooze button again? This lesson examines this type of internal debate by addressing Freud's work on the different sides of our conscious and unconscious selves - the id, the ego, and the superego.
4. Freudian Defense Mechanisms: Definition, Levels & Examples
Do you think that defense mechanisms are what happen in the football field and coping mechanisms are what a team does when the quarterback is injured? Think again. These are just two of the list of Freud's terms used to categorize how we react to life's curve balls. Watch this lesson to get the whole picture.
5. Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Development
Among Freud's most notorious theories is his theory of psychosexual development. This lesson discusses each of the stages and traces how he theorized that normal development leads to sexual maturity and how certain stages can develop awry.
6. Carl Jung's Theories: Personality, Psyche & Dreams
In this lesson, we will be discussing Carl Jung's theories. Specifically, we will look at his theories on personality, dream analysis and the human psyche. At the end, you can test your knowledge with a short quiz.
7. Alfred Adler on Personality Development
Psychologists have different opinions about what shapes someone's personality. In this lesson, we'll explore the theories of Alfred Adler, including the effects of inferiority complex, parenting styles, and birth order on personality.
8. Humanistic Psychology & Carl Rogers' Theory of Personality
Do ever wonder about the origins of contemporary therapy practices? This lesson discusses the work of Carl Rogers and how Humanistic Psychology developed into a therapy style that helps us try to find and reach that best version of ourselves.
9. Historical Personality Assessment: Humorism, Phrenology & Physiognomy
Freud wasn't the first person to try to figure out why people do the things they do. All throughout history, scientific and philosophical brainpower have been devoted to figuring out how we end up the way they do. Find out more about the history of the study of personality in this lesson.
10. Researching Personality Traits: Nomothetic and Idiographic Analysis
Personality is what makes us unique. But how should we measure it? In this lesson, we'll examine the two major psychological approaches to personality - the nomothetic approach and the idiographic approach - and how they approach measurement.
11. Temperament: Definition & Theories
Some personality traits are with us from birth. In this lesson, we'll examine what temperament is, what it can tell us about how a person is likely to turn out, and look at Jerome Kagan and Mary Rothbart's theories about infant temperament.
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Other chapters within the GRE Psychology: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- GRE Psychology: History & Development of Modern Psychology
- GRE Psychology: Research Methods Used in the Study of Psychology
- GRE Psychology: Learning
- GRE Psychology: Language
- GRE Psychology: Memory
- GRE Psychology: Thinking
- GRE Psychology: Sensation and Perception
- GRE Psychology: Physiological/Behavioral Neuroscience
- GRE Psychology: States of Consciousness
- GRE Psychology: Motivation, Arousal, Emotion
- GRE Psychology: Clinical Psychology
- GRE Psychology: Clinical Assessment
- GRE Psychology: Abnormal Psychology
- GRE Psychology: Treatment Methods for Psychological Disorders
- GRE Psychology: Lifespan Development
- GRE Psychology: Theoretical Foundations of Lifespan Development
- GRE Psychology: Areas of Lifespan Development
- GRE Psychology: Social Psychology
- GRE Psychology Flashcards